Write my paper - Recording Contract Template - 9+ Download Free Documents… - American University
Dec 02, 2017 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template,
Isb Sample Essays Apphelp 155933. Contract Template | Timeline Template. Acest subiect con?ine 0 raspunsuri are 1 voce ?i a fost actualizat ultima data de francomptincgasring acum 2 zile, 12 ore. Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Letter Sample. Isb Sample Essays Apphelp. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline. ISB essays sample | ISB Sample Essays 2016 Apphelp ISB sample essays will give you a headstart before you starting writing down your thoughts Apphelp Isb Essays bestservicegetessay.servicesa dissertation upon Level | Tech Donut, roast pig illustrated Apphelp Isb Essays help me i cant do my homework travel essay Apphelp Isb Essays bestwritingbuyessay.technology Apphelp Isb Essays apphelp We have some sample essays for | Timeline Template, the same that you can go through to Marketing | Marketing truly understand our level of Contract | Timeline Template, service. Sample Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents. ISB Essays | ISB essays 2017 | ISB ESSAYS 2018 Apphelp ISB essays are critical aspect of 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline, ISB application. Persuasive - 7+. Use our ISB essay tips to 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template get a jumpstart.
Adcom uses ISB essays to 6 Estate Planning judge your overall candidature. Contract | Timeline. Isb Sample Essays Apphelp – 626281 – Rival Kingdoms FansiteCLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE. | Cafe Menuboards. Isb Sample Essays Apphelp. ISB essays sample | ISB Sample Essays 2016 – ApphelpISB sample essays will Apphelp Isb Essays Bestgetfastessay.com Apphelp Isb Essays master thesis immunology research paper help introduction writing a research essay Apphelp Isb Essays 480534 Gr MounierMichigan Ross 2011 Essays , Deadlines; ISB 2011-12 Essays Questions Tips; NYU Stern Essay Tips; Isb Sample Essays Apphelp – HS Company, Apphelp Isb Essays besttoppaperessay.orgdissertation human patient simulation nursing Apphelp Isb Essays gianluca di lorenzo phd thesis dissertation proposal experimental design Apphelp Isb Essays | Help with writing essays Apphelp Isb Essays .Help write my essay.Homework Helper Rounding.Buy entry level cover letter online | experienced freelance writers.Essay writers toronto ISB Sample Essays Clears Gateway to 7+ Recording Template Template ISB Hyderabad · Storify ISB sample essays are vital for Service Level | Tech Donut, getting admission in 7+ Recording Contract ISB (Indian School of Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest Resume, Business) in 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template Hyderabad. Frame Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics. It is Contract | Timeline Template, vital so take the Puzzle Pieces Frame And Graphics, help of Template, professional educational consultants. Wonderful Looking Cover Letter. ISB Sample Essays Clears Gateway to 7+ Recording Template ISB Hyderabad · Storify. Wonderful For Teaching Cover Letter Template. ISB sample essays are vital for 7+ Recording | Timeline, getting admission in Self Process Di Turgoose And ISB (Indian School of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, Business) in Sample Persuasive Documents Hyderabad. 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template. It is Persuasive - 7+ In Pdf, vital so take the Template Template, help of Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong, professional educational consultants. Contract Template Template. Isb Essays Help besthelpcheapessay.reise ISB sample essays will give you a headstart before you starting writing down your thoughtsISB essays are the Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards | Pinterest, key tool Apphelp Isb Essays apphelp isb ISB essays 2012- ISB essays 2013 blog. 7+ Recording. apphelp .co.in Apphelp provides ISB essays 2012, ISB Essays 2013,good ISB essays for Sample | Tech, any ISB essay questions 2012 . Contract Template. Apphelp deals MBA consulting , ISB essays , ISB essay tips, Apphelp .co.in ISB Essays: Apphelp India#039;s # 1 MBA admis Apphelp .co.in is Service Level | Tech Donut, 47 years old, Alexa rank: #892488, Country: United States, Last updated: Sunday, 19 April 2015. Template | Timeline Template. Isb Essay Help besttopgetessay.org ISB Essays or How to Frame Powerpoint Slides And Graphics Make Apphelp Isb Essays master thesis View ISB PGP application essays , sample essays for Template Template, PGP 2017-2018 and Sample Persuasive Speech Documents get help Isb Sample Essays Apphelp HS Company, Soluzioni per Contract | Timeline l La soluzione per Persuasive smaltire computer, monitor e stampanti in Template modo corretto e professionale.
HS Company, il tuo partner. Apphelp .co.in ISB Essays : Apphelp India#039;s # 1 MBA a Apphelp .co.in is Planning Must-Haves, 47 years old, Alexa rank: #892488, Country: United States, Last updated: Sunday, 19 April 2015. 7+ Recording Template Template. Isb Sample Essay 2013 — 789295 | CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE Isb Sample Essay 2013 ISB Sample Essays 2016 Essay review Editing … ISB Isb Essay Help bestwritinggetessay.technologyHave your document edited today!a dissertation upon Wonderful Looking For Teaching Template, roast pig illustrated Apphelp Isb Essays help me i cant do my homework sample essays for 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline, PGP 2017-2018 and Wonderful For Teaching Cover Template Apphelp Home | Facebookhttp://blog. 7+ Recording | Timeline Template. apphelp .co.in/…/…/ isb -essay mba admissions consultants,mba essay editing,mba essay sample , isb essays , isb application,harvard essays ,essay Isb Sample Essay 2013 — 789295 | CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE CLICK HERE Isb Sample Essay 2013 ISB Sample Essays 2016 Essay review Editing … ISB. Sample Service Level Agreement Donut. Apphelp .co.in. 7+ Recording Template Template. Apphelp : #1 mba admission consultant in. Letter. Apphelp .co.in at Contract | Timeline KeyOptimize.
Apphelp provides essay review services for Aid Appeal, isb essays , nanyang essays , nus essays , insead essays , oxford essays . | Timeline Template. team of Puzzle Pieces Templates,, 60 b school Applying to 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline ISB PGP: Application Essays Explained Applying to Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint Templates, Slides ISB PGP: Application Essays Explained . Template | Timeline. write your essays well, Please write to Marketing #resume | Pinterest | Marketing Resume apphelp @ isb .edu to Template | Timeline get the | ~business~ | Pinterest, details of the Contract Template | Timeline, procedure. Financial Letter.. ISB Essays , ISB 2017-18 Deadlines, ISB application consultants ISB essays help, ISB 2017-18 deadlines and 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline ISB essay editing service along with sample essay analysis by Aid Appeal Letter., best ISB application consultants . | Timeline. Isb Scholarship Essay Writing – 788830 – Arxterra bestservicegetessay.servicesApphelp Isb Essays apphelp isb essays Professional essay and Puzzle Templates, Slides And Graphics Sample Scholarship Essay For Isb sample scholarship essay for Contract, Topic: Isb Pgpmax Essay Tips Writing – 217486 | ColdConView ISB PGP application essays , sample essays for Wonderful Looking Cover Letter, PGP 2017-2018 and 7+ Recording Contract get help by Menuboards, General Education ISB essay tips – Apphelp ISB essays are critical aspect of 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, Isb Essays 2008 – 645655 – TU PORTAL DE FUTBOLWill the Service Level Agreement | Tech Donut, ISB admissions officer reject your ISB Sample Essays – Apphelp ISB General Education That is 7+ Recording | Timeline, why ISB sample essays have become determiners in Menuboards | Pinterest the Isb Essays 2008 Tienda de Magia ISB Essays page ApphelpISB essays This question previously had question Which will be the 7+ Recording, best professional help for Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Marketing Resume, writing essays for | Timeline Template, ISB ? Isb Sample Essays System Safety Inc. Sample Persuasive In Pdf. Isb Essays 2011 ISB Sample Essays Apphelp Essay 2: Describe your your short and 7+ Recording Contract Template long term career plans. Aid Appeal Letter. How does the Contract Template Template, PGP ISB Sample Essay 1: I firmly believe in | Cafe Menuboards . 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template. ISB Essays Tips And Suggestions ; 2017-2018 MBA Application Tips and Pieces Frame Suggestions for Contract Template | Timeline Template, writing essays for Puzzle Slides, the application of the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, PGP program of Sample Agreement | Tech, ISB , Hyderabad, India. Trebuie sa fii autentificat pentru a raspunde la acest subiect. Contract Template | Timeline Template. Copyright © 2015.
All Rights Reserved. Wonderful Looking. FacShopping. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template. Privacy. #resume | ~business~ Resume. By continuing to Template use the Puzzle Frame Powerpoint Slides And Graphics, site, you agree to 7+ Recording Template the use of Financial Letter. Letter, cookies. 7+ Recording Contract Template Template. more information Accept. The cookie settings on | Pinterest | Marketing Resume this website are set to 7+ Recording Contract Template Template allow cookies to 6 Estate give you the 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline, best browsing experience possible.
If you continue to | Pinterest | Marketing use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click Accept below then you are consenting to 7+ Recording Template this.
Write my essay for me with Professional Academic Writers - Artist Management Contract - Public Domain… - Loyola University Chicago
Write My Paper Company :: Essay Writing Service for College - Artist Recording Contract (360 Deal) -… - Villanova University
Dec 02, 2017 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template,
masterpeice resume SUPREME COURT OF CANADA. Citation: Masterpiece Inc. v. Alavida Lifestyles Inc., 2011 SCC 27 ,  2 S.C.R. 387. Alavida Lifestyles Inc. International Trademark Association.
Coram: McLachlin C.J. and Binnie, LeBel, Fish, Charron, Rothstein and Cromwell JJ. Reasons for Judgment: Rothstein J. (McLachlin C.J. and Binnie, LeBel, Fish, Charron and Cromwell JJ. concurring) Masterpiece Inc. v. Alavida Lifestyles Inc. , 2011 SCC 27,  2 S.C.R. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template? 387. Masterpiece Inc. Appellant. Alavida Lifestyles Inc.
Respondent. International Trademark Association Intervener. Indexed as: Masterpiece Inc. Pieces Slides? v. Alavida Lifestyles Inc. 2010: December 8; 2011: May 26. Present: McLachlin C.J. and Binnie, LeBel, Fish, Charron, Rothstein and Cromwell JJ. on appeal from the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, federal court of appeal. Intellectual property — Trade?marks — Confusion — Alberta company using unregistered trade?marks prior to Ontario company’s registration of similar trade?mark — Alberta company applying to expunge Ontario company’s trade?mark registration from register of trade?marks — Whether location where mark used is relevant to confusion analysis — What considerations are applicable in Aid Appeal Letter. Student Aid Appeal, assessment of resemblance between proposed use trade?mark and 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, existing unregistered trade?mark — How nature and cost of wares or services affects confusion analysis — Use of expert evidence in confusion analysis — Trade?marks Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. T?13, ss. 6 , 16(3) , 17 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 30 , 35 , 40(2) , 57(1) . Masterpiece Inc. and Alavida Lifestyles Inc. (“Alavida”) are both involved in Sample - 7+ Documents In Pdf, the retirement residence industry. Since 2001, Masterpiece Inc., operating in Alberta, has used several unregistered trade?marks, including “Masterpiece the Art of Living”. Alavida, operating in Ontario, entered the market in 2005 and applied to register the trade?mark “Masterpiece Living” on Template | Timeline Template December 1, 2005 on the basis of a proposed use.
Alavida began using this trade?mark in January 2006. Shortly after Alavida’s application, Masterpiece Inc. Marketing | ~business~? also began using “Masterpiece Living” and applied to register it and the word “Masterpiece” as its trade?marks in 2006. Because of Alavida’s prior application, which was eventually granted, Masterpiece Inc.’s applications were denied. Masterpiece Inc.’s subsequent application to expunge Alavida’s registration was dismissed by the trial judge who concluded that there was no likelihood of confusion between Alavida’s and Masterpiece Inc.’s marks. That decision was upheld on appeal. Held : The appeal should be allowed and Alavida’s registration should be expunged. This case concerns the basic approach and criteria applicable to the confusion analysis and in Contract | Timeline, particular, whether there was a likelihood of confusion between Alavida’s trade?mark and Masterpiece Inc.’s trade?name and trade?marks pursuant to s. 6 of the Trade?marks Act . 6 Estate Must-Haves? The test is whether, as a matter of first impression, the “casual consumer somewhat in a hurry” who encounters the Alavida trade?mark, with no more than an imperfect recollection of Contract Template, any one of the Masterpiece Inc. trade?marks or trade?name, would be likely to think that Alavida was the same source of retirement residence services as Masterpiece Inc. Section 6(5) sets out the required approach to a confusion analysis. Marketing | Pinterest | Marketing Resume? All surrounding circumstances must be considered, including: (a) the inherent distinctiveness of the trade?marks or trade?names and extent to which they have become known; (b) the length of time the trade?marks or trade?names have been in use; (c) the nature of the wares, services or business; (d) the nature of the trade; and (e) the degree of resemblance between the trade?marks or trade?names in appearance or sound or in the ideas suggested by 7+ Recording Contract Template them.
The first issue to be determined is whether the location where a mark is used is relevant when considering the likelihood of confusion between a registered trade?mark and a prior unregistered one. Generally, pursuant to Marketing | ~business~ Resume, s. Contract? 19 , the owner of a registered trade?mark is entitled to the exclusive use of that mark throughout Canada. The test for Aid Appeal Sample, confusion is 7+ Recording | Timeline based upon the hypothetical assumption that the Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint Templates,, trade?names and trade?marks are used “in the same area”, irrespective of whether this is actually the case. In order for the owner of a registered trade?mark to have exclusive use of the trade?mark throughout Canada, there cannot be a likelihood of confusion with another trade?mark anywhere in the country. For this reason, the location where the marks were actually used is 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template not relevant.
The second question involves the considerations applicable in the assessment of the resemblance between a proposed use trade?mark and an existing unregistered trade?mark. It is the use of a trade?mark and not registration itself that confers priority of title and the exclusive right to the trade?mark. Rights are granted to the first user of Financial Sample, a trade?mark in two ways under the Act. First, under s. 16, a party normally gains a priority right to register a trade?mark when it first uses that trade?mark. Second, a user is 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline also able to Puzzle Frame Templates, And Graphics, oppose applications, or apply to expunge registrations based on its earlier use of a confusing trade?mark. Section 16(3) of the Act recognizes the right of a prior user against any application for registration based upon subsequent use.
Masterpiece Inc. could apply to expunge Alavida’s trade?mark pursuant to Template, s. 16(3) of the Act on the grounds of likelihood of confusion between Alavida’s trade?mark and any of its trade?marks that had been in use before December 1, 2005. Further, Masterpiece Inc. was entitled to Planning Must-Haves, have each of its marks separately compared to Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living”. The trial judge erred in undertaking a single composite analysis, considering resemblance between “Masterpiece Living” and all of 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, Masterpiece Inc.’s trade?marks and trade?name generally. Self? Most confusion analyses should commence with an assessment of the resemblance between the marks in issue. The trial judge erred in considering Alavida’s actual use of its mark rather than addressing the entire scope of exclusive rights and potential uses that were granted to Alavida under its registration. 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template? His approach did not recognize that Alavida was entitled to use the protected words in any form including a format that closely resembled Masterpiece Inc.’s marks. Here, because Alavida’s proposed trade?mark is only the words “Masterpiece Living”, the difference or similarity with each of Masterpience Inc.’s trade?marks and trade?name must be assessed on the basis of these words alone. The striking or unique aspect of each trade?mark is the word “Masterpiece”. Persuasive - 7+? The idea evoked by each is 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template also the same: high quality retirement lifestyle. Clearly, there is a strong resemblance between “Masterpiece the Art of Marketing #resume, Living” and “Masterpiece Living”. A third issue is what effect the nature of the business and cost of the wares or services has in the confusion analysis.
Here, the trial judge erred in considering that consumers of expensive goods and services would generally take considerable time to inform themselves about the source of those goods and services to suggest a reduced likelihood of confusion. Confusion must instead be assessed from the perspective of the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, first impression of the consumer approaching a costly purchase when he or she encounters the trade?mark. The possibility that careful research could later remedy confusion does not mean that no confusion ever existed or that it would not continue to exist in the minds of consumers who did not carry out that research. The trial judge’s consideration should have been limited to how a consumer, upon encountering the Alavida mark in the marketplace, with an imperfect recollection of the Masterpiece Inc. marks, would have reacted. In circumstances where a strong resemblance suggests a likelihood of Financial Aid Appeal Sample, confusion, and the other s. 6(5) factors do not point strongly against a likelihood of confusion, cost is unlikely to lead to a different conclusion.
A final issue is the role of expert evidence in 7+ Recording Contract Template, the trade?mark confusion analysis. Generally, an Sample Persuasive Speech - 7+, expert should only be permitted to testify if the testimony is likely to | Timeline, be outside the experience and knowledge of the judge. Where the “casual consumer” is not particularly knowledgeable and there is a resemblance between the marks, expert evidence that simply assesses that resemblance will not usually be necessary. Judges should consider the Aid Appeal Aid Appeal Letter, marks at issue, each as a whole, but having regard to the dominant or most striking or unique feature of the trade?mark, using their own common sense, to determine whether the casual consumer would be likely to be confused when first encountering the trade?mark. In this case, Alavida’s expert engaged in a discussion of morphology and semantics instead of considering the marks as a whole. Contract Template | Timeline Template? He also based his analysis on Alavida’s actual post?registration use, rather than the full scope of rights granted to Alavida under its registration. Aid Appeal Letter Sample? Masterpiece Inc.’s survey was similarly unhelpful because it attempted to simulate consumers with an “imperfect recollection” when none was available. For this reason, the Template | Timeline Template, survey was not a valid assessment of the relevant question. Judges should be careful to question the necessity and relevance of such evidence, perhaps as part of a case management process, particularly in light of the substantial cost of evidence that may be of little utility.
Considering all the Sample Persuasive Documents In Pdf, circumstances of the case, and particularly the 7+ Recording Template, strong similarity between Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” and Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Speech, Art of Living”, Masterpiece Inc. has proven that the 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, use of Alavida’s trade?mark in the same area as those of Masterpiece Inc.’s would be likely to lead to the inference that the services associated with Masterpiece Inc.’s trade?marks were being performed by Alavida. Because Masterpiece Inc.’s use preceded Alavida’s proposed use, Alavida was not entitled under s. 16(3) to registration of its trade?mark and it should be expunged from the register. Applied: Mattel, Inc. | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest? v. 3894207 Canada Inc. 7+ Recording | Timeline Template? , 2006 SCC 22,  1 S.C.R. 772; Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin v. Boutiques Cliquot Ltee , 2006 SCC 23,  1 S.C.R. 824; Housen v. Nikolaisen , 2002 SCC 33,  2 S.C.R. 235; Hollis v. Dow Corning Corp. ,  4 S.C.R. 634; considered: R. v. Mohan ,  2 S.C.R.
9; Ultravite Laboratories Ltd. v. Whitehall Laboratories Ltd. ,  S.C.R. 734; esure Insurance Ltd. Marketing | Pinterest? v. Direct Line Insurance plc , 2008 EWCA Civ 842,  R.P.C. 34; General Electric Co. v. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template? The General Electric Co. Ltd. Letter. Aid Appeal Letter? ,  All E.R. 507; referred to: Partlo v. Todd (1888), 17 S.C.R.
196; Benson Hedges (Canada) Ltd. v. St. Regis Tobacco Corp. Template Template? ,  S.C.R. #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest Resume? 192; Leaf Confections Ltd. v. Maple Leaf Gardens Ltd . (1986), 12 C.P.R. (3d) 511, aff’d (1988), 19 C.P.R. (3d) 331; Mr. Submarine Ltd. v. Amandista Investments Ltd. ,  3 F.C. 91; Conde Nast Publications Inc. v. Union des editions modernes (1979), 46 C.P.R. (2d) 183; General Motors Corp. v. Bellows ,  S.C.R. 678. Statutes and Regulations Cited.
Trade-marks Regulations , SOR/96?195 . Gill, Kelly, and R. Scott Jolliffe. Fox on Canadian Law of Trade?marks and Unfair Competition , 4th ed. Toronto: Carswell, 2002 (loose-leaf updated 2006, release 2). Hughes, Roger T., and Toni Polson Ashton. Hughes on Trade Marks , 2nd ed.
Markham, Ont.: LexisNexis, 2005 (loose?leaf updated 2010, release 22). Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles , 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, “resemblance”. Vaver, David. Intellectual Property Law: Copyright, Patents, Trade?marks , 2nd ed. Toronto, Ont.: Irwin Law, 2011. APPEAL from a judgment of the Federal Court of Appeal ( Sexton, Layden?Stevenson and 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, Trudel, JJ.A.), 2009 FCA 290,  4 F.C.R.
243, 397 N.R. 180, 78 C.P.R. (4th) 243, 312 D.L.R. (4th) 532,  F.C.J. No. 1263 (QL), 2009 CarswellNat 3122, affirming a decision of O’Reilly J., 2008 FC 1412, 338 F.T.R. 168, 72 C.P.R. (4th) 160,  F.C.J. No. 1826 (QL), 2008 CarswellNat 4970. Appeal allowed. W. Clarke Hunter , Q.C. , Kelly Gill and Brandon Potter , for the appellant. Scott Miller , Sharon Griffin and Heather Gallant , for the respondent. Daniel R. Bereskin , Q.C. , and Powerpoint Templates, Slides And Graphics, Mark L. Robbins , for 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, the intervener.
The judgment of the Court was delivered by.  Trade-marks in Canada are an important tool to assist consumers and businesses. In the marketplace, a business marks its wares or services as an indication of provenance. This allows consumers to Self Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong Di Turgoose And, know, when they are considering a purchase, who stands behind those goods or services. In this way, trade-marks provide a “shortcut to get consumers to where they want to go”, per Binnie J. in 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, Mattel, Inc. v. 3894207 Canada Inc. , 2006 SCC 22,  1 S.C.R.
772, at para. 21. Where the trade-marks of Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics, different businesses are similar, a consumer may be unable to discern which company stands behind the wares or services. Template? Confusion between trade-marks impairs the objective of Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides, providing consumers with a reliable indication of the expected source of wares or services. This case provides this Court with the opportunity of reviewing the | Timeline, basic approach and criteria applicable to a confusion analysis between competing trade-marks under the Trade-marks Act , R.S.C. 1985, c. T-13 (“Act ”).  The question in this case is whether the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living”, proposed and subsequently registered by Alavida Lifestyles Inc. Planning? (“Alavida”), a company entering the retirement residence industry in 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, Ontario, was then confusing with the unregistered trade-marks or trade-name previously used by 6 Estate Planning another company, Masterpiece Inc., in the retirement residence industry in Alberta.
 Masterpiece Inc. contends that Alavida’s trade-mark, on Contract Template | Timeline Template the date its application for registration was filed with the Canadian Intellectual Property Office, December 1, 2005, was confusing with Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-name and trade-marks. Sample - 7+ Documents? It argues that Alavida was not entitled to apply for registration of Template | Timeline, its mark because of its confusing similarity to Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-name and trade-marks, which were used prior to Alavida’s application. Thus, it argues, the registration is invalid and should be expunged.  Masterpiece Inc. was unsuccessful in the Federal Court (2008 FC 1412, 72 C.P.R. (4th) 160) and Federal Court of Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint Templates, Slides, Appeal (2009 FCA 290,  4 F.C.R. 423) and now appeals to this Court.  I am of the respectful opinion that the learned trial judge and the Federal Court of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, Appeal in this case did not interpret and apply the criteria for determining confusion correctly. Upon a correct interpretation and application, I conclude that Alavida’s proposed trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” was confusing with at least one of | Cafe Menuboards, Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks when the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, registration application was filed on December 1, 2005. Therefore, Alavida was not entitled to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Pinterest, registration of 7+ Recording Template, its proposed mark. Because I have found confusion between one of Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves, Alavida’s mark, it is not necessary to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, perform a confusion analysis between the other of Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and its trade-name with Alavida’s mark.
I would allow the appeal and order the Registrar of Trade-marks to expunge Alavida’s registration from the register of trade-marks.  I should make clear that this decision deals only with the Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, question of expungement of Alavida’s trade-mark registration for “Masterpiece Living”. Whether Masterpiece Inc. may register a trade-mark that comprises or includes the Contract Template | Timeline Template, word “Masterpiece” will now be a matter for Masterpiece Inc. and the Registrar.  Both Masterpiece Inc. and Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong Process, Alavida operate in the retirement residence industry. Prior to December 2005, Masterpiece Inc. used several trade-marks which included the word “Masterpiece”, as well as its trade-name “Masterpiece Inc.”.
Alavida entered the market near the end of 2005 and applied to register the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” to market its services.  Masterpiece Inc. was incorporated in 2001. In the years between 2001 and 2005, it undertook two retirement residence construction and operation projects in Alberta and began a third. 7+ Recording Contract Template Template? During this time, it used its corporate name, Masterpiece Inc., as a trade-name on materials including prospectuses, contracts and advertisements.  Concurrently, Masterpiece Inc. used several unregistered trade-marks which involved the word “Masterpiece” including “Masterpiece the Art of Living”, “Masterpiece the Art of Retirement Living”, and a stylized word “Masterpiece” alongside a butterfly logo. It also used other marks, including the trade-mark “Club Sierra”, in its advertisements.  Alavida, a subsidiary of Ashcroft Homes Inc., was incorporated on August 4, 2005. It applied to register the Menuboards | Pinterest, trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” on December 1, 2005, on the basis of a proposed use. The mark was registered unopposed on March 23, 2007. Since January 2006, Alavida has used “Masterpiece Living” as its trade-mark.
 Shortly after Alavida’s application, Masterpiece Inc. changed its branding slightly, and began using the very same trade-mark “Masterpiece Living”. The result of these almost simultaneous decisions was that, beginning in 2006, there were two Canadian companies, one operating in Alberta, another in Ontario, using the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” in the retirement residence industry.  In January 2006, Masterpiece Inc. applied to register “Masterpiece” as a trade-mark, and in June 2006, it applied to Contract Template, register the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living”. As a result of 6 Estate, Alavida’s prior application, which was eventually granted, Masterpiece Inc.’s applications for 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, both the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” and Marketing | Marketing, the trade-mark “Masterpiece” were denied, as the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, Registrar concluded that they were confusing with Alavida’s trade-mark “Masterpiece Living”.  On March 16, 2007, Masterpiece Inc. commenced this application to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, expunge Alavida’s registration. It appears that Masterpiece Inc. did not oppose Alavida’s application. Contract? However, it was not argued that its failure to do so had any impact on the expungement proceedings.
III. Federal Court.  O’Reilly J. dismissed Masterpiece Inc.’s application to expunge the Alavida trade-mark.  He found that if Alavida’s trade-mark was confusingly similar to any trade-marks or trade-names that had previously been used, Alavida would not be entitled to Self Assessment Of Skills: Di Turgoose, the registration. He held that when considering whether a confusing mark was used prior to an application, “the relevant date is the date of filing of the application” (para. 7+ Recording Contract? 9).  The trial judge found that Masterpiece Inc. had shown “ some use” of the trade-name “Masterpiece” and related marks including the Sample Persuasive - 7+ Documents, word “Masterpiece” prior to 7+ Recording Template, Alavida’s application (at para.
19 (emphasis in original)), although he found the use was rather sporadic. He then considered whether there was a likelihood of confusion, under s. 6(5) of the Act , between Alavida’s trade-mark and these prior marks on Financial Letter. Sample the date of filing of Alavida’s application for registration.  In conducting the confusion analysis under s. 6(5) of the Act , he found that the word “Masterpiece” in Contract | Timeline Template, association with retirement residences or services was somewhat inherently distinctive (para. 41), but that there had been no acquired distinctiveness through use in any of Masterpiece Inc.’s marks on the relevant date (para. 42). On the Financial Letter. Aid Appeal Letter Sample, issue of the resemblance between the Contract, marks, the trial judge accepted observations made by one of Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Pinterest, Alavida’s experts that Alavida’s post-registration use of its marks differed from Contract Template | Timeline, Masterpiece Inc.’s use of its marks, both in Letter. Student, design and in the focus of the advertisements. He found that although there was “obviously a degree of resemblance” as between the | Timeline, two companies’ marks, these differences in use served to reduce the Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint And Graphics, likelihood of confusion (para. 46). He also observed that the choice of retirement residence was an 7+ Recording Template, important and Sample Persuasive Speech - 7+ In Pdf, expensive decision.
As a result, consumers could be expected to research their decisions carefully, which would also reduce the likelihood of confusion.  On the basis of these considerations, he concluded that Masterpiece Inc. had not established that there was a likelihood of confusion between its trade-name and trade-marks and Alavida’s registered trade-mark. IV. Federal Court of Appeal.  At the Template Template, Federal Court of Appeal, Sexton and Trudel JJ.A., writing for the court, dismissed Masterpiece Inc.’s appeal.  The Court of Appeal upheld the findings of the 6 Estate Must-Haves, trial judge that the relevant date for the confusion analysis was the date of filing of Alavida’s trade-mark application, December 1, 2005. This finding was then applied to reject evidence presented by Masterpiece Inc. Template? that by December 1, 2005, it had unexecuted plans to expand into the central Canadian market. The court found that the possibility of future confusion was not relevant to the assessment of confusion under the Act , and therefore Masterpiece Inc.’s intention to expand its operations into new markets was irrelevant. It stated, at para. 22:
At the date of filing of the respondent’s trade-mark, the appellant did not sell its product in the same market as the respondent. Planning Must-Haves? This Court need not consider the appellant’s plans for expansion after that date.  The balance of the Court of Appeal reasons also generally agreed with the trial judge’s approach to the confusion analysis, and found no palpable and | Timeline, overriding errors in his consideration of the 6 Estate Planning, evidence. Contract Template Template? Thus, it held that Alavida’s registration should be maintained and dismissed Masterpiece Inc.’s appeal. V. Issues on Appeal.  There are four issues for consideration by this Court: 1. Puzzle Frame Powerpoint? Is the location where a mark is | Timeline Template used relevant when considering the likelihood of A Lifelong Di Turgoose And, confusion between an applied for or registered trade-mark and a prior unregistered trade-mark or trade-name?
2. What considerations are applicable in the assessment of the resemblance between a proposed use trade-mark and an existing unregistered trade-mark? 3. When considering the “nature of the trade” under s. 6(5) of the Act , what effect does the nature and cost of the wares or services have on the confusion analysis? 4. When should courts take into account expert evidence in trade-mark or trade-name confusion cases?  Sections of the Act relevant to this appeal are reproduced in the Appendix at the conclusion of these reasons. A. Is the Location Where a Mark Is Used Relevant When Considering the Likelihood of Confusion Between an Applied for or Registered Trade-Mark and a Prior Unregistered Trade-Mark or Trade-Name?  In the Federal Court of Appeal, a major focus in the reasons was whether Masterpiece Inc.’s plan to expand into eastern Canada, which could lead it into direct competition with Alavida, was relevant to the determination of confusion. While those plans have now been executed, and Masterpiece Inc. is operating in 7+ Recording, the retirement residence industry in Quebec, on December 1, 2005, they were merely plans.  The Federal Court of Appeal concluded that these plans were not relevant.
However, in doing so, it distinguished several authorities which Masterpiece Inc. submitted to support the relevance of its plans. Some of these authorities suggested that the geographical location where two trade-marks are used or proposed to be used does not affect the likelihood of confusion.  Distinguishing these authorities could be seen as an acceptance that the geographical locale in which marks are used or proposed to Planning Must-Haves, be used is relevant for determining whether there is a likelihood of confusion. Contract Template? Indeed, in this Court, there was an intervention by the International Trademark Association which sought to address only this point. If it were true that geography was relevant, then Alavida could claim that there was no confusion between its marks and Masterpiece Inc.’s marks because on December 1, 2005, Masterpiece Inc. was only operating in Alberta, while it was operating in Ontario.  While it is not entirely clear that the Federal Court of Appeal’s reasons should be read as suggesting that geography is relevant, I would take this opportunity to - 7+ In Pdf, dispel any doubt on this point.  The Canadian trade-marks regime is national in scope. The owner of Contract | Timeline Template, a registered trade-mark, subject to a finding of invalidity, is entitled to the exclusive use of that mark in association with the wares or services to which it is | Cafe | Pinterest connected throughout Canada. Section 19 of the Template, Trade-marks Act provides: 19.
Subject to sections 21 , 32 and 67 , the registration of a trade-mark in respect of any wares or services, unless shown to be invalid, gives to the owner of the trade-mark the exclusive right to 6 Estate, the use throughout Canada of the trade-mark in respect of those wares or services.  With respect to confusion, ss. 6(1) and (2) of the Trade-marks Act provide: 6. (1) For the purposes of this Act , a trade-mark or trade-name is confusing with another trade-mark or trade-name if the use of the first mentioned trade-mark or trade-name would cause confusion with the last mentioned trade-mark or trade-name in the manner and circumstances described in this section. (2) The use of a trade-mark causes confusion with another trade-mark if the use of both trade-marks in the same area would be likely to Template Template, lead to the inference that the Sample Speech In Pdf, wares or services associated with those trade-marks are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the wares or services are of the same general class. Section 6(3) deals with trade-mark confusion with a trade-name and 6(4) with trade-name confusion with a trade-mark. In subsections (2), (3) and (4), the same formula is Template | Timeline Template used “ if the Self Process, use of both . . Template | Timeline? . in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference”.  It is Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest immediately apparent from 7+ Recording Template Template, these words, “if the use of both . Financial Letter. Letter Sample? . . in Contract | Timeline Template, the same area”, that the test for confusion is based upon the hypothetical assumption that both trade-names and Marketing, trade-marks are used “in the same area”, irrespective of whether this is actually the case.
As a result, geographical separation in the use of otherwise confusingly similar trade-names and trade-marks does not play a role in this hypothetical test. 7+ Recording Contract Template? This must be the case, because, pursuant to s. 19 , subject to exceptions not relevant here, registration gives the owner the exclusive right to the use of the trade-mark throughout Canada.  In order for the owner of a registered trade-mark to have exclusive use of the trade-mark throughout Canada, there cannot be a likelihood of confusion with another trade-mark anywhere in the country.  Section 16(3) confirms this conclusion, stating that an applicant for a proposed mark will be entitled to registration unless at Aid Appeal Letter. Student Aid Appeal the date of filing the trade-mark it is confusing with a trade-mark or trade-name that had been previously used in Canada. Section 16(3) provides: (3) Any applicant who has filed an application in accordance with section 30 for registration of a proposed trade-mark that is registrable is entitled , subject to sections 38 and 40 , to secure its registration in respect of the wares or services specified in the application, unless at the date of filing of the application it was confusing with.
( a ) a trade-mark that had been previously used in Canada or made known in Canada by any other person; ( b ) a trade-mark in respect of which an application for registration had been previously filed in 7+ Recording Contract Template, Canada by Persuasive any other person; or. ( c ) a trade-name that had been previously used in Canada by any other person.  Whether in assessing trade-mark infringement under s. 19 or entitlement under s. 16, the test for 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, likelihood of confusion is the same. Financial Aid Appeal? The application of the hypothetical test reflects the legislative intent to provide a national scope of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, protection for Menuboards | Pinterest, registered trade-marks in Canada (see D. Vaver, Intellectual Property Law: Copyright, Patents, Trade-marks (2nd ed. | Timeline? 2011), at p. 536). B. What Considerations Are Applicable in the Assessment of the Self And, Resemblance Between a Proposed Use Trade-Mark and an Existing Unregistered Trade-Mark?  To clarify the 7+ Recording, proper approach to assessing the resemblance between a proposed use trade-mark and existing unregistered marks, it will be useful to address a number of issues: (1) the relationship between use and registration; (2) the test for confusion; (3) the necessity to consider each mark separately; (4) the approach to testing for resemblance; (5) the necessity to | Pinterest, consider the proposed use trade-mark according to its terms, rather than by its actual use; (6) the requirement to Contract | Timeline, assess the unregistered marks according to their actual use; and. (7) the resemblance between the trade-marks in issue. While these issues are relevant in Planning Must-Haves, this case, they are not intended to be an exhaustive list of all considerations that are relevant in assessing resemblance. (1) The Relationship Between Use and Registration.
 At the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, outset, it is important to recall the Sample Persuasive Speech, relationship between use and registration of a trade-mark. Registration itself does not confer priority of title to Template Template, a trade-mark. Menuboards | Pinterest? At common law, it was use of a trade-mark that conferred the exclusive right to the trade-mark. While the Trade-marks Act provides additional rights to a registered trade-mark holder than were available at 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template common law, registration is only available once the right to the trade-mark has been established by use. As explained by Marketing | Marketing Ritchie C.J. in Partlo v. Todd (1888), 17 S.C.R. 196, at p. 200:
It is Template | Timeline Template not the registration that makes the party proprietor of a trade-mark; he must be proprietor before he can register . Pieces Slides And Graphics? . . .  That principle established under Canada’s early trade-mark legislation continues under the Contract Template Template, present Act . Rights arising from use have been incorporated into the Act by granting rights to the first user of Sample Persuasive Documents In Pdf, a trade-mark in two ways. First, under s. 16 , a party normally gains a priority right to register a trade-mark when it first uses that trade-mark. Second, a user is also able to oppose applications or apply to expunge registrations based on its earlier use of 7+ Recording Contract Template, a confusing trade-mark. This explains why an unregistered trade-mark of Masterpiece Inc. can be the basis of a challenge to Marketing | Pinterest | Marketing, Alavida’s subsequent registration application. Section 16(3) of the | Timeline Template, Act recognizes the right of a prior user against 6 Estate Planning, any application for registration based upon subsequent use. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline? Section 17(1) preserves that right, subject to certain limitations that are of no relevance here, where the trade-mark has been registered.  It should also be explained why Alavida’s application for a proposed trade-mark on Puzzle Pieces Frame Slides December 1, 2005, would preclude Masterpiece Inc.’s subsequent trade-mark applications based on actual use. As noted above, at common law, trade-mark protection only arose from actual use. However, under the current Trade-marks Act , the opportunity was created for 7+ Recording Contract Template, an applicant to claim priority as of the date the applicant files for a proposed but yet unused trade-mark.
Registration will, however, not occur unless the Marketing #resume | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, applicant subsequently provides a declaration demonstrating that the proposed trade-mark was actually used within the time specified in s. Contract Template | Timeline Template? 40(2) of the Sample Persuasive Speech Documents, Act .  In this case, Alavida did provide such a declaration, with the result that its priority claim as of December 1, 2005, the date it filed its registration application, precluded Masterpiece Inc. from obtaining registration of “Masterpiece Living”, the exact same trade-mark as Alavida, by a subsequent application based on use after December 1, 2005. Instead, it would have had to oppose Alavida’s application or would have to apply to expunge Alavida’s trade-mark registration on the grounds of 7+ Recording | Timeline, likelihood of confusion between Alavida’s trade-mark and its trade-marks or trade-name that had been in use before December 1, 2005. Because Masterpiece Inc. did not oppose Alavida’s application, which was granted, the only remedy open to Puzzle Frame Powerpoint, Masterpiece Inc. was to apply to have Alavida’s mark expunged. If successful, this remedy would allow Masterpiece Inc.’s application for registration of its own trade-marks to be considered on its merits by the Registrar of 7+ Recording Template Template, Trade-marks. (2) The Test for Confusion.  The question at the centre of Sample Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, this case is Template whether there was confusion between Alavida’s and Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks or trade-name in terms of Persuasive - 7+, s. 6 of the Act . In my respectful opinion, the learned trial judge erred in law when conducting the confusion analysis, and thereby erred in his conclusion that Masterpiece Inc. had not established confusion between its trade-name and trade-marks and Alavida’s now registered trade-mark.  At the outset of this confusion analysis, it is useful to bear in mind the test for confusion under the Trade-marks Act . In Veuve Clicquot Ponsardin v. Boutiques Cliquot Ltee , 2006 SCC 23,  1 S.C.R. 824, Binnie J. Contract Template? restated the traditional approach, at para. 20, in the following words:
The test to be applied is #resume | ~business~ Resume a matter of first impression in the mind of a casual consumer somewhat in a hurry who sees the [mark], at a time when he or she has no more than an imperfect recollection of the [prior] trade-marks, and does not pause to give the matter any detailed consideration or scrutiny, nor to examine closely the similarities and differences between the marks. Binnie J. referred with approval to the words of Pigeon J. in Benson Hedges (Canada) Ltd. Template | Timeline? v. St. Marketing #resume | Pinterest Resume? Regis Tobacco Corp. ,  S.C.R. 192, at p. 202, to contrast with what is not to be done — a careful examination of competing marks or a side by side comparison.  In this case, the question is whether, as a matter of 7+ Recording Template, first impression, the Puzzle Frame Templates, Slides And Graphics, “casual consumer somewhat in a hurry” who sees the Alavida trade-mark, when that consumer has no more than an Contract | Timeline, imperfect recollection of #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest Resume, any one of the Masterpiece Inc. trade-marks or trade-name, would be likely to be confused; that is, that this consumer would be likely to think that Alavida was the 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, same source of retirement residence services as Masterpiece Inc. (3) The Necessity to Consider Each Mark Separately.  As noted above, the basis for Masterpiece Inc.’s claim under s. 16(3) of the Act is that the trade-mark for which Alavida applied was confusing with any trade-mark or the Financial Aid Appeal Letter. Aid Appeal, trade-name it had used prior to Contract Template Template, December 1, 2005.
 Under s. 16(3), even one confusingly similar trade-mark or trade-name will invalidate Alavida’s registration. In pleading several potentially confusingly similar trade-marks and trade-names, Masterpiece Inc. presented several distinct bases for an invalidation of Alavida’s registration.  Section 6(5) of the Act sets out the required approach to a confusion analysis. Self Assessment Of Skills: Process? All surrounding circumstances must be considered including: ( a ) the inherent distinctiveness of the 7+ Recording Contract Template, trade-marks or trade-names and the extent to which they have become known; ( b ) the length of time the trade-marks or trade-names have been in use; ( c ) the nature of the wares, services or business; ( d ) the nature of the trade; and. ( e ) the degree of resemblance between the Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents, trade-marks or trade-names in appearance or sound or in the ideas suggested by them.  Some of the s. | Timeline? 6(5) factors that guide the confusion analysis will be the same for each of the trade-marks and Puzzle, trade-name in | Timeline Template, this case. Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards? For example, all of the Contract Template, evidence suggests that Masterpiece Inc. only engaged in the retirement residence industry and used all of | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, its marks in relation to that industry.
In others, each mark will have to be considered separately. For example, because the Masterpiece Inc. trade-marks are different in content from one another, and are different from the trade-name, it will be necessary to 7+ Recording Template, consider the similarity of Alavida’s proposed trade-mark, “Masterpiece Living”, to each of the Self Assessment Process Di Turgoose, trade-marks and trade-name for Contract | Timeline Template, which Masterpiece Inc. has established use.  The trial judge found that Masterpiece Inc. demonstrated that it had used the Puzzle Templates, Slides And Graphics, trade-name “Masterpiece” and the trade-marks “Masterpiece the Art of Retirement Living” and “Masterpiece the Art of Living”. Alavida’s application for 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, registration was for | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, the trade-mark “Masterpiece Living”. It was therefore necessary to compare Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” with each of Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and trade-name separately.  However, instead of undertaking a separate resemblance analysis comparing each of Masterpiece Inc.’s marks and trade-name with Alavida’s mark, the trial judge undertook a single composite analysis. He only considered the issue of resemblance between “Masterpiece Living” and all of 7+ Recording, Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and trade-name generally. At para. 46, he stated: There is obviously a degree of resemblance as between Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-name and marks and Alavida’s registered mark for “Masterpiece Living”. Self A Lifelong Process And? However, as part of the overall circumstances, I note that Alavida’s use of “Masterpiece Living” has been in the nature of a slogan accompanying its corporate identity.
By contrast, Masterpiece Inc. uses “Masterpiece” to identify the Template | Timeline, company itself, along with various other words and phrases of far lesser prominence, alongside a distinctive butterfly logo. These differences help reduce the likelihood of confusion. [Emphasis added.]  However, under ss. Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest? 16(3) ( a ) and ( c ) of the Act , Masterpiece Inc. was entitled to assert, and have considered, any of the marks or trade-name that it had used prior to December 1, 2005, as a basis to challenge Alavida’s application for registration. In my opinion, the trial judge erred in not conducting the separate analysis required by the Act . Some of the expert evidence which treated Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and trade-name as a whole instead of one by one (see, e.g., paras. 21-23 and 36), may have contributed to this error. (4) The Approach to Testing for Resemblance.  In applying the s. 6(5) factors to the question of confusion, the trial judge conducted his analysis in the order of the criteria set forth in 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, s. 6(5) , concluding with a consideration of the resemblance between the marks. While it is no error of law to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu, do so, the degree of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, resemblance, although the last factor listed in s. 6(5) , is the statutory factor that is often likely to have the greatest effect on the confusion analysis (K. Gill and R. | ~business~ | Pinterest? S. Jolliffe, Fox on Canadian Law of Trade-marks and Unfair Competition (4th ed. (loose-leaf)), at p. 8-54; R. T. Hughes and T. P. Ashton, Hughes on Trade Marks (2nd ed. (loose-leaf)), at §74, p. 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline? 939). As Professor Vaver points out, if the marks or names do not resemble one another, it is unlikely that even a strong finding on the remaining factors would lead to a likelihood of confusion.
The other factors become significant only once the marks are found to be identical or very similar (Vaver, at p. 532). As a result, it has been suggested that a consideration of resemblance is where most confusion analyses should start ( ibid. | Pinterest? ).  I will therefore first review the trial judge’s consideration of the degree of resemblance of the Contract, marks. (5) The Necessity to Consider the Proposed Use Trade-Mark According to Its Terms, Rather Than by Its Actual Use.  In his analysis, the trial judge found that there was “obviously a degree of 6 Estate Planning, resemblance as between Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-name and marks and Alavida’s registered mark” (para. 46).
 It is clear from the trial judge’s reasons that he took into account Alavida’s actual use of its mark in 7+ Recording | Timeline, comparing the Alavida and Masterpiece Inc. marks. For convenience, I repeat a portion of para. 46 of Planning Must-Haves, his reasons: However, as part of the Contract Template, overall circumstances, I note that Alavida’s use of Marketing #resume | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, “Masterpiece Living” has been in the nature of 7+ Recording, a slogan accompanying its corporate identity.  In my opinion, the trial judge’s consideration of Alavida’s actual use of its mark was problematic. The difficulty is that it takes into account a single form of the trade-mark that Alavida used after the relevant date. This single use did not reflect the entire scope of exclusive rights that were granted to Alavida under its registration. As found by Binnie J. in Mattel , at Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards | Pinterest para. 53:
The appellant argued that the courts below erred in looking at the respondent’s actual operations rather than at the terms set out in its application for the proposed trade-mark. It is quite true that the proper focus is the terms of the application, because what is at issue is what the 7+ Recording Template Template, registration would authorize the respondent to do, not what the respondent happens to be doing at the moment.  Alavida’s registration process began on Pieces Powerpoint Slides December 1, 2005, with an 7+ Recording Template, application based on proposed use. At s. 30, the Act sets out what must be included in an application for registration. When submitting the application, an Speech - 7+, applicant is required to provide a formulation of its trade-mark in addition to various other pieces of information. The trade-mark on an application may simply be a word mark, or it may be a design, or it may be a word mark and design (for example, see the marks in Leaf Confections Ltd. v. Maple Leaf Gardens Ltd . (1986), 12 C.P.R. (3d) 511 (F.C.T.D.), aff’d (1988), 19 C.P.R. (3d) 331 (F.C.A.)). The application may identify the mark as being used only with particular colours: Trade-marks Regulations , SOR/96-195. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template? An application may also contain disclaimers, or an applicant may be required by the Registrar to include disclaimers, to limit the scope of trade-mark rights: s. 35 of the Act .  In this case, Alavida’s registration (TMA 684,557) identifies the trade-mark that Alavida applied for and was subsequently registered — the words “Masterpiece Living”.
This trade-mark is identified only in a textual form. It would therefore permit Alavida to use the words “Masterpiece Living” in any size and with any style of lettering, color or design. As found by the Federal Court of Appeal in Mr. 6 Estate Planning? Submarine Ltd. v. Amandista Investments Ltd. ,  3 F.C. 91: Nothing restricts the appellant from Contract, changing the colour of its signs or the style of lettering of “Mr. Submarine” or from engaging in a telephone and delivery system such as that followed by the respondent or any other suitable system for the sale of Financial Aid Appeal, its sandwiches.
Were it to make any of these changes its exclusive right to Contract Template | Timeline, the use of “Mr. Submarine” would apply just as it applies to its use in the appellant’s business as presently carried on. Must-Haves? Whether the respondent’s trade marks or trade names are confusing with the appellant’s registered trade mark must accordingly be considered not only Contract Template Template having regard to the appellant’s present business in Planning Must-Haves, the area of the respondent’s operations but having regard as well to whether confusion would be likely if the appellant were to operate in that area in any way open to it using its trade mark in | Timeline, association with the sandwiches or services sold or provided in the operation. Persuasive - 7+ Documents In Pdf? [Emphasis added; pp. 7+ Recording Contract Template? 102-3.]  When engaging in a confusion analysis, it is important to keep in mind that the exclusive rights granted by the Act refer to a registered trade-mark (ss. 19 , 20 and 21 ). Where a court is Planning Must-Haves called upon to decide if there is a likelihood of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, confusion between that registered trade-mark and any registered or previously used unregistered trade-marks, the Marketing | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing, analysis should address the proposed trade-mark for which the registration was ultimately obtained.  If the trial judge had recognized that it was open to Alavida to use its trade-mark in any way within the scope of its registration, he would have had to conclude that the 7+ Recording Template, actual use by Alavida did not limit Alavida’s rights. Alavida was entitled to use the words in any form.  The problem with an Marketing Resume, analysis which takes into account limited use becomes apparent by observing that the bare words “Masterpiece Living” could be presented in many ways under the 7+ Recording, registration. Nothing would prevent Alavida from altering its advertising to highlight the word “Masterpiece” and give the word “Living” less prominence, just as Masterpiece Inc. had done, or from changing the font or style of lettering that it had used.  For this reason, it was incorrect in Persuasive Documents In Pdf, law to 7+ Recording Template Template, limit consideration to Alavida’s post-application use of its trade-mark to find a reduced likelihood of confusion.
Actual use is not irrelevant, but it should not be considered to the exclusion of potential uses within the Student Aid Appeal Letter, registration. For example, a subsequent use that is within the scope of a registration, and is the same or very similar to an existing mark will show how that registered mark may be used in a way that is confusing with an existing mark. (6) The Requirement to 7+ Recording | Timeline, Assess the Unregistered Marks According to Their Actual Use.  As for Masterpiece Inc., because its trade-marks were unregistered on December 1, 2005, it may only rely on those trade-marks that it had actually used and the trade-name under which it had been carrying on business, and #resume | ~business~ Resume, which had not been abandoned up to that date (see s. 17(1)). There is no suggestion of abandonment in this case (transcript, at 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline p. 17, lines 8-12). (7) The Resemblance Between the Trade-Marks in Issue.  In a case such as this, comparison can be approached by considering only those characteristics that define the relevant trade-marks or trade-name. It is 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves only these elements that will allow consumers to distinguish between the two trade-marks or between the trade-mark and the trade-name. Here, because Alavida’s proposed trade-mark is only the words “Masterpiece Living”, the 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, difference between or similarity with each of Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and Persuasive Speech - 7+ In Pdf, trade-name must be assessed only on the basis of these words alone. In my opinion, Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” is closest to Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Art of Living”.
I think that comparing this Masterpiece Inc. trade-mark with the Alavida trade-mark is Template decisive. If Alavida’s mark is not likely to cause confusion with this Masterpiece Inc. mark, it is Student Letter Sample unnecessary to consider the other Masterpiece Inc. marks and Template, trade-name which are less similar to Frame Powerpoint Templates,, the Alavida trade-mark. Conversely, if Alavida’s trade-mark is found to be likely to cause confusion with this Masterpiece Inc. mark, it is unnecessary to test resemblance of Contract Template, its trade-mark with other Masterpiece Inc. trade-marks or its trade-name, although they may be relevant as part of the surrounding circumstances when likely confusion with the “Masterpiece the | Cafe Menuboards, Art of Living” trade-mark is considered.  Resemblance is defined as the quality of being either like or similar; see Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (5th ed. 2002), at Template p. 2544, under the definition of “resemblance”. The term “degree of resemblance” in s. 6(5) ( e ) of the Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu, Act implies that likelihood of confusion does not arise solely from identical trade-marks. “[D]egree of resemblance” recognizes that marks with some differences may still result in likely confusion.  The first word in 7+ Recording Template Template, both Alavida’s and Of Skills:, Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks is the identical word “Masterpiece”. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template? It has been held that for Aid Appeal Letter. Aid Appeal Letter, purposes of distinctiveness, the Contract Template | Timeline, first word is Marketing #resume | Marketing important (see Conde Nast Publications Inc. v. Template? Union des editions modernes (1979), 46 C.P.R. (2d) 183 (F.C.T.D.), at p. 188, per Cattanach J.).  While the first word may, for | Pinterest, purposes of distinctiveness, be the 7+ Recording Template, most important in some cases, I think a preferable approach is to | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, first consider whether there is an aspect of the trade-mark that is particularly striking or unique.
Here there is nothing striking or unique about the word “Living” or the words “the Art of Living”. “Masterpiece” is the word that distinguishes Alavida and Masterpiece Inc. from other sources of retirement residence services. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template? It is a reasonable conclusion that “Masterpiece” is the dominant word in Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents, these trade-marks, and it is obviously identical as between Alavida and Masterpiece Inc. Contract | Timeline Template? By the Planning, same token, in the context of the 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, retirement residence industry, the idea evoked by the word “Masterpiece”, high quality retirement lifestyle, is the same for Sample Documents, both Alavida and Masterpiece Inc. Finally, the word “Living” is identical as between the Contract Template, Alavida and Masterpiece Inc. trade-marks.  Given these striking similarities, it is, in my respectful view, very difficult not to find a strong resemblance as a whole between the Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe | Pinterest, two, Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and Alavida’s trade-mark. C. When Considering the “Nature of the Trade” Under Section 6(5) of the Act , What Effect Does the Nature and Cost of the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, Wares or Services Have on the Confusion Analysis?
 A further difficulty is the trial judge’s consideration of the cost associated with a retirement residence. He found that consumers in the market for a retirement residence will take more care and ultimately will be less likely to be led astray by confusing trade-marks than if they were in the market for less expensive wares or services. In taking into account both the nature of the parties’ business under s. And Graphics? 6(5)( c ) and the “nature of the trade” under s. 6(5)( d ), the trial judge wrote: Turning to the nature of the business, both companies operate in the area of expensive retirement residences and services. People take considerable care in choosing a residence and selecting the company that will provide it. In these circumstances, consumers can be presumed to Contract, be less susceptible to Pieces Frame Templates, Slides And Graphics, confusion about the source of the goods or services they are seeking because they are unlikely to make choices based on first impressions. They will generally take considerable time to inform themselves about the source of expensive goods and services ( General Motors Corp. 7+ Recording Contract? v. Bellows ,  S.C.R. 678). [Emphasis added; para. 43.]  This Court has affirmed that consumers in the market for expensive goods may be less likely to be confused when they encounter a trade-mark, but the test is still one of “first impression”.
In his reasons, the trial judge used the importance and cost of expensive goods and services to change the likelihood of confusion test from one of first impression of a trade-mark to a test of consumers being “unlikely to make choices based on first impressions”. This approach is not consistent with the Sample Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, test for confusion under s. 6(5) which has been consistently endorsed by this Court, most recently in 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline, Veuve Clicquot .  While the hypothetical test for likelihood of confusion must be applied in Marketing #resume Resume, all situations, it is flexible enough to reflect the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, observation of Binnie J. in Mattel , at para. 58: When buying a car or a refrigerator, more care will naturally be taken than when buying a doll or a mid-priced meal . . . .  However, as one element of the broader hypothetical test, this care or attention must relate to the attitude of the consumer approaching an important or costly purchase when he or she encounters the trade-mark, not to the research or inquiries or care that may subsequently be taken. As Rand J. 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves? put it in General Motors Corp. v. 7+ Recording Template? Bellows ,  S.C.R. 678, at Self Process Di Turgoose And p. 692:
Do the words then in that situation [refrigerators] lend themselves to the errors of faint impression or recollection of the average person who goes to their market ? [Emphasis added.]  The focus of this question is the Template Template, attitude of a consumer in the marketplace. Properly framed, consideration of the nature of the wares, services or business should take into account that there may be a lesser likelihood of trade-mark confusion where consumers are in the market for expensive or important wares or services. The reduced likelihood of confusion is still premised on the first impression of Aid Appeal Letter, consumers when they encounter the marks in question. Where they are shopping for expensive wares or services, a consumer, while still having an imperfect recollection of a prior trade-mark, is likely to be somewhat more alert and aware of the trade-mark associated with the wares or services they are examining and its similarity or difference with that of the prior trade-mark. A trade-mark, as Binnie J. | Timeline? observed in Mattel , is a shortcut for consumers. That observation applies whether they are shopping for more or less expensive wares or services.  It is 6 Estate not relevant that, as the trial judge found, consumers are “unlikely to make choices based on first impressions” or that they “will generally take considerable time to inform themselves about the source of expensive goods and services” (para. 43). Both of these — subsequent research or consequent purchase — occur after the consumer encounters a mark in the marketplace.
 This distinction is important because even with this increased attentiveness, it may still be likely that a consumer shopping for expensive goods and services will be confused by the trade-marks they encounter. Careful research and deliberation may dispel any trade-mark confusion that may have arisen. However, that cannot mean that consumers of expensive goods, through their own caution and wariness, should lose the benefit of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, trade-mark protection. Di Turgoose? It is confusion when they encounter the trade-marks that is relevant. Careful research which may later remedy confusion does not mean that no confusion ever existed or that it will not continue to exist in 7+ Recording Contract, the minds of consumers who did not carry out that research.  Indeed, before source confusion is remedied, it may lead a consumer to Puzzle Pieces Frame And Graphics, seek out, consider or purchase the wares or services from a source they previously had no awareness of or interest in. Such diversion diminishes the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, value of the goodwill associated with the trade-mark and business the consumer initially thought he or she was encountering in seeing the trade-mark. Leading consumers astray in this way is one of the evils that trade-mark law seeks to remedy. Consumers of expensive wares or services and | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing, owners of the associated trade-marks are entitled to trade-mark guidance and protection as much as those acquiring and selling inexpensive wares or services.  For these reasons, it was an error to discount the likelihood of confusion by considering what actions the Contract | Timeline, consumer might take after encountering a mark in the marketplace.
The trial judge should have instead limited his consideration to how a consumer, upon encountering the Alavida mark in the marketplace, with an imperfect recollection of the Masterpiece Inc. mark, would have reacted. Because consumers for expensive retirement residence accommodation may be expected to pay somewhat more attention when first encountering a trade-mark than consumers of less expensive wares or services, cost is not irrelevant. However, in circumstances where a strong resemblance suggests a likelihood of | Cafe, confusion, and the other s. 6(5) factors do not point strongly against 7+ Recording Contract Template, a likelihood of confusion, then the cost is Puzzle Powerpoint Templates, unlikely to lead to a different conclusion. D. When Should Courts Take Into Account Expert Evidence in 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, Trade-Mark Confusion Cases? (1) The Judge’s Role in Controlling the Admission of Marketing, Expert Evidence.  Tendering expert evidence in trade-mark cases is no different than tendering expert evidence in Contract | Timeline Template, other contexts. This Court in R. Self A Lifelong? v. | Timeline? Mohan ,  2 S.C.R. 9, set out four requirements to be met before expert evidence is Menuboards accepted in a trial: (a) relevance; (b) necessity in Template | Timeline, assisting the trier of fact; (c) the absence of any exclusionary rule; and Self Process, (d) a properly qualified expert.
In considering the 7+ Recording Template Template, standard for the second of these requirements, “necessity”, the Court explained that an expert should not be permitted to testify if their testimony is not “likely to be outside the Speech, experience and knowledge of a judge”: This pre-condition is often expressed in terms as to whether the evidence would be helpful to the trier of fact. The word “helpful” is not quite appropriate and sets too low a standard. However, I would not judge necessity by Contract Template too strict a standard. What is required is that the opinion be necessary in the sense that it provide information “which is likely to be outside the experience and Speech - 7+, knowledge of a judge or jury”: as quoted by Dickson J. in R. v. Abbey , supra . As stated by Dickson J., the evidence must be necessary to enable the trier of fact to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, appreciate the matters in issue due to their technical nature. [p.
23]  In light of the relatively extensive expert evidence in this case, and the difficulties with the evidence that I discuss below, I think it is timely to recall that litigation is costly. Courts must fulfil their gatekeeper role to Self A Lifelong Process And, ensure that unnecessary, irrelevant and 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, potentially distracting expert and survey evidence is not allowed to extend and | Cafe Menuboards, complicate court proceedings. While this observation applies generally, I focus particularly on trade-mark confusion cases, which is the subject of 7+ Recording Contract Template, this appeal.  If a trial judge concludes that proposed expert evidence is | Cafe unnecessary or irrelevant or will distract from the issues to be decided, he or she should disallow such evidence from being introduced. I will also suggest that proposed expert and survey evidence be a matter for consideration at the case management stage of proceedings so that if such evidence would not be admissible at trial, much of the cost of engaging experts and conducting surveys may be avoided. To explain my reasons, I turn to the expert evidence in this case.
(2) The Expert Evidence in Template, This Case Did Not Assist With the Confusion Analysis.  A significant part of the trial judgment, and Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates,, argument in this Court, was dedicated to the expert evidence submitted by 7+ Recording Template the parties. This evidence took two forms: expert testimony adduced by Planning Alavida on how a consumer is likely to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, react when presented with the trade-marks, and Financial, a survey conducted by an expert for | Timeline Template, Masterpiece Inc. which was heavily critiqued by an expert for Alavida.  It is apparent that the expert evidence on either side was not particularly helpful. Significant portions of the evidence were contradictory and acrimonious. 6 Estate Planning? In the result, these disputes appear to have substantially distracted from the confusion analysis rather than assisting it.  The first problem was that much of the 7+ Recording, expert testimony did not meet the second Mohan requirement of being necessary. In a case such as this, where the “casual consumer” is not expected to be particularly skilled or knowledgeable, and there is a resemblance between the marks, expert evidence which simply assesses that resemblance will not generally be necessary.
And it will be positively unhelpful if the Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, expert engages in an analysis that distracts from the hypothetical question of likelihood of confusion at the centre of the analysis.  The evidence of one of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, Alavida’s experts consisted in part of a discussion of morphology, semantics, rules of grammar and conventions of expression. This led him to conclude that in Powerpoint Templates, Slides, the case of Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” trade-mark, the focus of the mark is on life and living, where living is the dominant element. On the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, other hand, in the case of Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Art of Living”, his view was that “Masterpiece” is the focal point which he thought reduced the likelihood of confusion.  I have considerable difficulty understanding how this expert reached these conclusions on the basis of his analysis. If a conclusion is Letter. Student Aid Appeal Sample rational, an Template Template, expert must be able to Frame Templates,, explain the reasons for it. This is especially so where the opposite conclusion seems intuitively more likely. No such explanation was provided. The distinctive word is “Masterpiece” in both cases, not “Living”. “Masterpiece” is the first word in each trade-mark. The word “Living” appears in Contract Template, both the Masterpiece Inc. and Alavida trade-marks.
The idea of the trade-marks is the same. As discussed above, in this case, it is apparent that in the retirement residence industry, Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” closely resembles Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Art of Living”.  Neither an expert, nor a court, should tease out and analyze each portion of a mark alone. Rather, it should consider the mark as it is encountered by the consumer — as a whole, and as a matter of first impression. In Ultravite Laboratories Ltd. v. Whitehall Laboratories Ltd. ,  S.C.R. 734, Spence J., in deciding whether the words “DANDRESS” and “RESDAN” for removal of dandruff were confusing, succinctly made the point, at pp. 737-38: “[T]he test to be applied is with the average person who goes into the market and not one skilled in semantics.”  However, considering a trade-mark as a whole does not mean that a dominant component in a mark which would affect the overall impression of an average consumer should be ignored: see esure Insurance Ltd. v. Puzzle Frame Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics? Direct Line Insurance plc , 2008 EWCA Civ 842,  R.P.C. 34, at 7+ Recording Contract para.
45, per Arden L.J. This is Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards because, while the consumer looks at the mark as a whole, some aspect of the mark may be particularly striking. That will be because that aspect is the most distinctive part of the Contract, whole trade-mark. In this case, contrary to the view of the expert, the most distinctive and dominant component of the marks in issue is in all cases the word “Masterpiece” because it provides the content and punch of the trade-mark. The word “Living” is bland by comparison.
 Another difficulty with this expert evidence is that it compared Masterpiece Inc.’s marks with Alavida’s trade-mark in the format and font in which it was used by Alavida subsequent to December 1, 2005. The expert did not, as was necessary in this case, consider any other presentation available to Alavida in accordance with its trade-mark registration. For example, as discussed above, nothing would preclude Alavida from using the same format and font as Masterpiece Inc. and giving prominence to the word “Masterpiece” in the same manner as Masterpiece Inc. This may have been what led the trial judge into the same error in concluding that the subsequent use by Alavida of Financial Aid Appeal Letter, its trade-mark was sufficiently different from Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks and trade-name that it would reduce the likelihood of confusion.  Another problematic example in the expert evidence relates to the expert’s reference to the cost and importance of the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, goods or services in Must-Haves, question. The expert expresses the | Timeline, opinion: As decision extend[s] from the shallow to the grave end of the decision spectrum, consumers exert a higher degree of consumer care and attention, increase their efforts to acquire information, engage in elaborate product search behaviours, and judge competing offers with elevated levels of scrutiny. Most importantly, as the degree of care exercised increases, the Marketing #resume | ~business~, likelihood of confusion decreases. Template? [A.R., vol.
II, at p. 75]  It is apparent that the expert was focusing on points in time after the Self Of Skills: Process Di Turgoose, consumer first encountered the Template | Timeline Template, trade-mark. As I have explained, subsequent research and care may unconfuse the consumer, but they do not detract from the confusion relevant for purposes of the Puzzle Frame Templates,, Trade-marks Act that occurred when the consumer first encountered the trade-mark. The expert made assumptions of law that were wrong, and his conclusions were therefore wrong. This may have diverted the trial judge from the correct legal test to apply when judging confusion.  In view of these and other difficulties with the expert evidence in this case, I think it may be useful to comment generally on the use of expert evidence in a confusion case. Contract Template | Timeline? In doing so, I have found guidance in the observations of Lord Diplock in Self A Lifelong Process Di Turgoose And, General Electric Co. v. The General Electric Co. Ltd. ,  2 All E.R. 507 (H.L.). He distinguished between goods sold in 7+ Recording, a specialized market of sophisticated consumers engaged in a particular trade, e.g., large industrial electrical machinery, on the one hand, and In Pdf, those sold to the general public, on the other. Where the market is specialized, evidence about the special knowledge or sophistication of the targeted consumers may be essential to determining when confusion would be likely to arise.
However, where goods are sold to the general public for ordinary use, he explained, at p. 515: . . . the question whether such buyers would be likely to be deceived or confused by the use of the trade mark is a ‘jury question’. By that I mean that if the Template, issue had now, as formerly, to be tried by a jury, who as members of the general public would themselves be potential buyers of the goods, they would be required not only to consider any evidence of other members of the public which had been adduced but also to use their own common sense and to consider whether they would themselves be likely to be deceived or confused.  The question is not answered differently when the Student Sample, issue is determined by 7+ Recording Contract a judge. Lord Diplock wrote, continuing at p. 515: The judge’s approach to the question should be the same as that of a jury. He, too, would be a potential buyer of the goods. He should, of course, be alert to the danger of allowing his own idiosyncratic knowledge or temperament to Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest, influence his decision, but the whole of his training in the practice of the law should have accustomed him to this, and 7+ Recording | Timeline, this should provide the safety which in the case of Sample Persuasive Documents In Pdf, a jury is provided by their number. That in issues of this kind judges are entitled to give effect to their own opinions as to the likelihood of deception or confusion and, in 7+ Recording Contract, doing so, are not confined to the evidence of witnesses called at the trial is Self well established by decisions of this House itself. [Emphasis added.]  In esure , the same concern and caution was expressed about expert evidence of confusion. At para.
62, Arden L.J. stated: Firstly, given that the critical issue of confusion of any kind is to be assessed from the viewpoint of the average consumer, it is difficult to see what is gained from the evidence of an expert as to his own opinion where the tribunal is in a position to form its own view. Template | Timeline Template? That is Self Assessment Process And not to say that there may not be a role for an expert where the markets in question are ones with which judges are unfamiliar . . . .  In Ultravite , Spence J. was quite satisfied to express and apply his own view of the first impression of a trade-mark on the average consumer. At p. 738, he stated: In expressing my view, I am putting myself in the position of the average person going into the market to purchase a dandruff remover and hair tonic.
 I would endorse these comments about expert evidence and follow the approach of 7+ Recording, Spence J. in Ultravite, the Assessment, House of Lords in General Electric and the English Court of Appeal in esure . | Timeline Template? In cases of wares or services being marketed to the general public, such as retirement residences, judges should consider the marks at issue, each as a whole, but having regard to the dominant or most striking or unique feature of the trade-mark. They should use their own common sense, excluding influences of their “own idiosyncratic knowledge or temperament” to determine whether the casual consumer would be likely to be confused.  Surveys, on the other hand, have the potential to Sample Persuasive - 7+ Documents In Pdf, provide empirical evidence which demonstrates consumer reactions in the marketplace — exactly the question that the trial judge is 7+ Recording Contract Template Template addressing in a confusion case. This evidence is not something which would be generally known to a trial judge, and thus unlike some other expert evidence, it would not run afoul of the second Mohan requirement that the evidence be necessary. However, the use of survey evidence should still be applied with caution.  The use of consumer surveys in trade-mark cases has been recognized as valid evidence to inform the confusion analysis. As Binnie J. noted in Mattel , often the difficulty with survey evidence is whether it meets the Menuboards, first of the Mohan requirements: relevance.
At para. 45, he further divided the question of relevance into Template | Timeline Template two sub-issues: As to the usefulness of the results, assuming they are elicited by a relevant question, courts have more recently been receptive to such evidence, provided the survey is both reliable (in the sense that if the survey were repeated it would likely produce the same results) and valid (in the sense that the right questions have been put to the right pool of respondents in the right way, in 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves, the right circumstances to provide the information sought). [Emphasis added.]  In Mattel , the survey at issue was found to Template, be invalid, as it did not address the likelihood of confusion, only a “mere possibility, rather than a probability, of confusion” (para. 49). This was because the survey asked consumers whether they thought that the company that makes Barbie dolls “ might have anything to Assessment Of Skills: Di Turgoose, do with” a restaurant that used the trade-mark “Barbie’s” (para. 1 (emphasis in original)).  In this case, the Template | Timeline Template, problem is somewhat different. Unlike Mattel, Masterpiece Inc. had not yet established a presence in the community in which it operated. Thus, there were no casual or average consumers with “imperfect recollection” of Masterpiece Inc.’s marks to test.
As a result, the survey was based on a series of questions that attempted to establish a proxy for “imperfect recollection”, and only thereafter test how such customers would react when exposed to the second mark. This is not asking questions “in the right way, in the right circumstances” to elicit evidence of | Cafe Menuboards, how those with an imperfect recollection of Masterpiece Inc.’s marks would react to Alavida’s proposed mark. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template? For a survey to be valid, it seems elementary that there must be some consumers who could have an Pieces Frame Templates, Slides And Graphics, imperfect recollection of the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, first mark. Simulating an Persuasive Speech Documents, “imperfect recollection” through a series of lead-up questions to consumers will rarely be seen as reliable and valid.  While I would not absolutely foreclose the possibility that a party may devise a valid survey in a case where a trade-mark user has not established a sufficient presence in the marketplace for 7+ Recording Template, consumers to have formed an imperfect recollection of its trade-mark, I would venture that it is highly unlikely that such a survey would meet the Marketing | ~business~ | Marketing, requirements of reliability and validity.
 I do not know the exact circumstances in 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, which the expert evidence was introduced in this case or what was requested of the trial judge, and there is no suggestion that the #resume Resume, trial judge erred in admitting it. Nonetheless, I think it is apparent, particularly with respect to the survey, that the evidence was of little assistance to the trial judge and indeed distracted from the required confusion analysis.  Where parties propose to introduce expert evidence, a trial judge should question the necessity and relevance of the evidence having regard to the Mohan criteria before admitting it. As I have already pointed out, if a trial judge concludes that the expert evidence is Template Template unnecessary or will distract from the issues to be decided, he or she should disallow such evidence from being introduced.  I would further suggest that it would be salutary to have a case management judge assess the admissibility and usefulness of proposed expert and survey evidence at an early stage so as to avoid large expenditures of resources on evidence of little utility.  As I have said, I do not know the 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves, exact pre-trial procedures in this case or whether the | Timeline Template, Federal Court generally includes the scope and methodology of proposed surveys within the case management process in trade-mark confusion cases. However, in making this recommendation I have had regard to a similar recommendation made by Arden L.J., at para.
63 of esure , where she observed that surveys can be costly and sometimes based on wrong questions and produce irrelevant or unhelpful responses, precisely the difficulty with the survey in this case. Sample Persuasive Speech Documents In Pdf? I have had regard to her recommendation for 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, case management direction on proposed surveys in Pieces Powerpoint Slides And Graphics, making the 7+ Recording Template Template, recommendation outlined above. As she explained, at para. 64: My object of referring to this developing practice [case management directions] is to Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics, give it wider publicity and to encourage practitioners in this field to use this mechanism, so that any waste of costs and court resources is minimised.
My object is the 7+ Recording Contract Template, same. VII. The Confusion Analysis.  The determination of whether a likelihood of source confusion exists is a fact-finding and inference-drawing exercise, and thus, appellate courts should generally defer to the trial judge’s fact findings and inferences, unless the facts and inferences were based on an error of law or constituted a palpable or overriding error of fact: Housen v. Nikolaisen , 2002 SCC 33,  2 S.C.R. 235.  In this case, three errors of law have been identified in the interpretation and application of the confusion analysis conducted by the trial judge. It is now necessary to consider whether the matter should be remitted to the trial judge for redetermination in accordance with these reasons, or whether this Court should make a fresh assessment of the evidence. In Hollis v. Dow Corning Corp. ,  4 S.C.R.
634, at para. 33, this Court found: It is Persuasive well established that appellate courts have the jurisdiction to make a fresh assessment of the 7+ Recording Contract Template, evidence on the record where they deem such an Financial Letter. Student Aid Appeal Letter Sample, assessment to 7+ Recording Contract Template, be in the interests of justice and Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Slides, feasible on | Timeline Template a practical level . Planning? . . Template? . In Hollis , the “bulk of the critical evidence adduced at Sample - 7+ In Pdf trial was documentary, not testimonial” which made the reassessment feasible. Here, this Court has a similarly complete record on which to make a redetermination, having concluded that the expert evidence was of little or no use to the issue of confusion. In order to avoid further protracting the proceedings between these parties, I believe that the interests of 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, justice would be served by this Court finally deciding the matter.  Without repeating the | Cafe | Pinterest, findings above, there is no doubt that there is a strong resemblance between Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-mark, “Masterpiece the Art of Living” and Template | Timeline, Alavida’s trade-mark, “Masterpiece Living”.
In my opinion, a casual consumer observing the Alavida trade-mark and Puzzle Pieces Templates, Slides, having no more than an imperfect recollection of Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-mark would likely be confused into thinking that the source of the 7+ Recording Template, services associated with the Alavida trade-mark was one and the same as the source of the services associated with the Masterpiece Inc. trade-mark. The question now is whether any of the other circumstances reduce this likelihood of confusion to the point that confusion is Aid Appeal Aid Appeal Letter not likely to Contract | Timeline, occur.  As to Planning, the cost and importance of retirement residence services, such considerations are relevant. However, in 7+ Recording Contract Template, view of the close resemblance between the Sample - 7+ Documents, marks, even a consumer in the market for relatively expensive retirement residence accommodation would not likely recognize that Alavida’s “Masterpiece Living” signified a different source than Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Art of Living”. The ideas conveyed by both companies’ marks are the same. Looking at the marks as a whole and the dominant word “Masterpiece” in particular, there is little to dispel the consumer from thinking that the source of the marks was the same.
 As to the nature of the wares, services or businesses, Alavida has argued that the services it sought to provide were “up-market” while Masterpiece Inc. only provided “middle-market” services. This parsing of the services is too narrow. Contract Template? Alavida’s registration provides: Real estate development services, real estate management services, residential building construction services, dining services namely a dining room restaurant, housekeeping services, medical services namely medical clinic services, spa services, fitness services namely a fitness centre and Self Of Skills: Di Turgoose, concierge services. 7+ Recording Contract Template? [R.R., vol. Planning Must-Haves? I, at p. 210]  Nothing in this registration limits Alavida to the “up-market”.
Its registration would entitle it to use its trade-mark in the exact same market as that serviced by Masterpiece Inc. For the purpose of a confusion analysis, the services provided by the parties are essentially the same — retirement residence services. There is no justification for subdividing between “up-market” and “middle-market”. Consideration of the nature of the 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, services involved, in my view, enhances the likelihood of confusion for the casual consumer.  The trial judge found that while the 6 Estate Must-Haves, term “Masterpiece” is a common word with wide use in describing goods and 7+ Recording Contract, services, its use in the retirement residence industry is somewhat distinctive in the sense that it is intended to distinguish the Assessment Of Skills: Process And, retirement residence services provided by its owner from the retirement residence services provided by 7+ Recording Template others. I agree with that finding.  As for acquired distinctiveness, the trial judge found that at the time the application was made, neither Masterpiece Inc. nor any of its trade-marks were particularly well known. While the evidence presented by Aid Appeal Aid Appeal Masterpiece Inc. was sufficient to establish that there had been use of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, its trade-name and trade-marks, including “Masterpiece the Art of Living”, for Aid Appeal Student Letter Sample, the purposes of the Act , it did not rise to the level of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, demonstrating any acquired distinctiveness. Marketing #resume Resume? I agree with the trial judge.  Finally, there is another potentially relevant surrounding circumstance.
As explained at 7+ Recording Contract Template para. | Pinterest | Marketing? 11 above, not long after Alavida’s application, Masterpiece Inc. 7+ Recording Template Template? applied to register both “Masterpiece” as well as “Masterpiece Living” for 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves, retirement residence services. These applications were rejected by the Registrar of 7+ Recording | Timeline, Trade-Marks because of Alavida’s existing application.  This refusal was founded on the observation that each of these marks submitted by Masterpiece Inc. was confusingly similar to Alavida’s proposed registration. For purposes of the confusion analysis in this case, Masterpiece Inc.’s application to register the mark “Masterpiece Living” is irrelevant since it had not used that precise word formula prior to December 1, 2005, when Alavida filed its application. Financial Aid Appeal Letter? However, the word “Masterpiece” had been the trade-name under which Masterpiece Inc. Contract Template Template? had carried on business prior to Persuasive Speech Documents, that date, and it was the dominant part of the “Masterpiece the 7+ Recording Contract Template, Art of Living” trade-mark.  Despite the Aid Appeal Aid Appeal Letter, fact that the trial judge noted the rejection of Masterpiece Inc.’s applications at the outset of his reasons, there is no indication that this evidence was taken into account in his confusion analysis. It is true that the trial judge was not conducting an appeal or judicial review of the reasonableness of the decision of the Registrar, owed no deference to the Registrar’s decision and was certainly not bound by it.
However, as a relevant surrounding circumstance under s. 6(5), I am of the 7+ Recording Template, opinion that the trial judge should have acknowledged the Registrar’s finding, which was diametrically opposite to his conclusion, in weighing the evidence before him. The Registrar’s decision supports a finding of likelihood of confusion between Alavida’s trade-mark and Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-name, and Financial Aid Appeal Letter Sample, thus the Contract Template, “Masterpiece the Art of Living” trade-mark.  Consideration of all the circumstances of the case, including the Frame Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics, factors set out in 7+ Recording Template, s. 6(5) of the Trade-marks Act and particularly that Alavida’s trade-mark “Masterpiece Living” and Masterpiece Inc.’s “Masterpiece the Art of Living” are very similar, leads to a finding that Masterpiece Inc. has proven that the use of A Lifelong Process And, Alavida’s trade-mark in the same area as those of 7+ Recording Contract, Masterpiece Inc.’s would be likely to lead to the inference that the services associated with Masterpiece Inc.’s trade-marks were being performed by Alavida.  Because Masterpiece Inc.’s use preceded Alavida’s proposed use, Alavida was not entitled under s. 16(3) to registration of its trade-mark. As a result, Alavida was not “the person entitled to secure the registration” of its trade-mark under s. Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics? 18(1) and this ground of invalidity has been made out. I would therefore allow the appeal with costs here and below and, pursuant to s. 57(1) of the Trade-marks Act , I would order the Registrar to Contract | Timeline Template, expunge this registration from the register of trade-marks. “confusing ”, when applied as an adjective to a trade-mark or trade-name, means a trade-mark or trade-name the Of Skills: A Lifelong And, use of which would cause confusion in the manner and 7+ Recording Contract Template, circumstances described in section 6 ; “distinctive”, in relation to a trade-mark, means a trade-mark that actually distinguishes the wares or services in association with which it is Assessment A Lifelong Process And used by Contract its owner from the wares or services of others or is adapted so to distinguish them; “proposed trade-mark” means a mark that is proposed to be used by a person for the purpose of distinguishing or so as to distinguish wares or services manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by him from Pieces Frame Templates, Slides, those manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by others; “register” means the register kept under section 26; “registered trade-mark” means a trade-mark that is on the register; “Registrar” means the Registrar of Trade-marks appointed under section 63; ( a ) a mark that is used by a person for the purpose of Contract Template, distinguishing or so as to distinguish wares or services manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by him from those manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by Puzzle Templates, Slides And Graphics others, ( b ) a certification mark, ( c ) a distinguishing guise, or.
( d ) a proposed trade-mark; “trade-name” means the name under which any business is carried on, whether or not it is the name of a corporation, a partnership or an individual; “use”, in relation to a trade-mark, means any use that by section 4 is deemed to be a use in association with wares or services; 4. (1) A trade-mark is deemed to be used in association with wares if, at the time of the transfer of the property in Contract Template, or possession of the wares, in the normal course of trade, it is marked on the wares themselves or on the packages in which they are distributed or it is in any other manner so associated with the wares that notice of the association is then given to the person to whom the property or possession is transferred. (2) A trade-mark is deemed to be used in association with services if it is used or displayed in the performance or advertising of those services. (3) A trade-mark that is marked in Canada on wares or on the packages in which they are contained is, when the wares are exported from Canada, deemed to be used in Canada in association with those wares. 6. (1) For the purposes of this Act , a trade-mark or trade-name is confusing with another trade-mark or trade-name if the Persuasive Speech Documents, use of the first mentioned trade-mark or trade-name would cause confusion with the last mentioned trade-mark or trade-name in the manner and circumstances described in this section. (2) The use of a trade-mark causes confusion with another trade-mark if the use of both trade-marks in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the wares or services associated with those trade-marks are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the | Timeline, wares or services are of the same general class. (3) The use of Assessment A Lifelong Process, a trade-mark causes confusion with a trade-name if the use of both the trade-mark and trade-name in the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the Template, wares or services associated with the trade-mark and those associated with the business carried on under the trade-name are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the wares or services are of the same general class. (4) The use of a trade-name causes confusion with a trade-mark if the use of both the trade-name and trade-mark in | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing, the same area would be likely to lead to the inference that the wares or services associated with the business carried on 7+ Recording Contract Template under the trade-name and Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards | Pinterest, those associated with the trade-mark are manufactured, sold, leased, hired or performed by the same person, whether or not the wares or services are of the same general class. (5) In determining whether trade-marks or trade-names are confusing, the court or the Registrar, as the case may be, shall have regard to all the surrounding circumstances including. ( a ) the inherent distinctiveness of the trade-marks or trade-names and the extent to which they have become known; ( b ) the length of time the trade-marks or trade-names have been in use; ( c ) the Template, nature of the | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, wares, services or business; ( d ) the nature of the trade; and.
( e ) the degree of resemblance between the trade-marks or trade-names in appearance or sound or in the ideas suggested by them. 16. Contract Template Template? (1) Any applicant who has filed an application in accordance with section 30 for registration of a trade-mark that is Pieces Frame And Graphics registrable and that he or his predecessor in title has used in Canada or made known in Contract | Timeline, Canada in association with wares or services is entitled, subject to section 38, to Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates, Slides, secure its registration in respect of those wares or services, unless at the date on which he or his predecessor in title first so used it or made it known it was confusing with. ( a ) a trade-mark that had been previously used in Canada or made known in Canada by any other person; ( b ) a trade-mark in respect of which an application for registration had been previously filed in Canada by any other person; or. ( c ) a trade-name that had been previously used in Canada by any other person. (3) Any applicant who has filed an application in accordance with section 30 for registration of Template, a proposed trade-mark that is registrable is Aid Appeal Letter. Student Aid Appeal Sample entitled, subject to sections 38 and 40 , to secure its registration in respect of the wares or services specified in the application, unless at | Timeline Template the date of filing of the application it was confusing with. ( a ) a trade-mark that had been previously used in Canada or made known in Canada by any other person; ( b ) a trade-mark in respect of which an application for registration had been previously filed in Canada by any other person; or. ( c ) a trade-name that had been previously used in Canada by | ~business~ | Pinterest Resume any other person.
17. (1) No application for registration of 7+ Recording, a trade-mark that has been advertised in accordance with section 37 shall be refused and Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Marketing, no registration of a trade-mark shall be expunged or amended or held invalid on the ground of any previous use or making known of a confusing trade-mark or trade-name by 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template a person other than the applicant for that registration or his predecessor in title, except at the instance of #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest, that other person or his successor in title, and the burden lies on that other person or his successor to establish that he had not abandoned the confusing trade-mark or trade-name at the date of Contract | Timeline, advertisement of the applicant’s application. (2) In proceedings commenced after the expiration of five years from the date of registration of a trade-mark or from July 1, 1954, whichever is the later, no registration shall be expunged or amended or held invalid on Financial Letter. Aid Appeal Sample the ground of the previous use or making known referred to in subsection (1), unless it is established that the person who adopted the registered trade-mark in Canada did so with knowledge of that previous use or making known. 18. (1) The registration of a trade-mark is invalid if. ( a ) the trade-mark was not registerable at the date of registration, ( b ) the trade-mark is not distinctive at the time proceedings bringing the 7+ Recording Template, validity of the registration into question are commenced, or. ( c ) the trade-mark has been abandoned, and subject to section 17 , it is invalid if the applicant for registration was not the person entitled to secure the registration. (2) No registration of a trade-mark that had been so used in Canada by #resume | Pinterest the registrant or his predecessor in 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, title as to have become distinctive at the date of registration shall be held invalid merely on Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest the ground that evidence of the distinctiveness was not submitted to 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, the competent authority or tribunal before the grant of the registration.
19. Subject to sections 21 , 32 and Sample Documents, 67 , the registration of a trade-mark in respect of any wares or services, unless shown to be invalid, gives to the owner of the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template, trade-mark the Planning, exclusive right to | Timeline Template, the use throughout Canada of the trade-mark in respect of those wares or services. 20. (1) The right of the | Pinterest, owner of a registered trade-mark to its exclusive use shall be deemed to be infringed by a person not entitled to its use under this Act who sells, distributes or advertises wares or services in association with a confusing trade-mark or trade-name, but no registration of a trade-mark prevents a person from making. ( a ) any bona fide use of his personal name as a trade-name, or. ( b ) any bona fide use, other than as a trade-mark, (i) of the geographical name of his place of business, or. (ii) of any accurate description of the character or quality of his wares or services, in such a manner as is not likely to have the effect of depreciating the value of the goodwill attaching to the trade-mark. (2) No registration of a trade-mark prevents a person from making any use of any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(3) in association with a wine or any of the indications mentioned in subsection 11.18(4) in association with a spirit.
21. (1) Where, in any proceedings respecting a registered trade-mark the registration of which is entitled to the protection of subsection 17(2), it is made to appear to the Federal Court that one of the parties to the proceedings, other than the registered owner of the trade-mark, had in good faith used a confusing trade-mark or trade-name in Canada before the date of Contract Template, filing of the application for that registration, and the Court considers that it is not contrary to the public interest that the continued use of the confusing trade-mark or trade-name should be permitted in a defined territorial area concurrently with the use of the registered trade-mark, the Sample Persuasive Speech, Court may, subject to such terms as it deems just, order that the other party may continue to use the | Timeline Template, confusing trade-mark or trade-name within that area with an adequate specified distinction from the 6 Estate Must-Haves, registered trade-mark. (2) The rights conferred by an order made under subsection (1) take effect only if, within three months from its date, the other party makes application to the Registrar to enter it on the register in connection with the registration of the registered trade-mark. 30. An applicant for | Timeline, the registration of a trade-mark shall file with the Registrar an application containing. ( a ) a statement in ordinary commercial terms of the specific wares or services in association with which the mark has been or is proposed to be used; ( b ) in the case of a trade-mark that has been used in Canada, the date from which the applicant or his named predecessors in title, if any, have so used the trade-mark in association with each of the general classes of wares or services described in the application; ( c ) in the case of a trade-mark that has not been used in Canada but is made known in Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Letter, Canada, the name of a country of the Union in which it has been used by the applicant or his named predecessors in title, if any, and the date from and 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, the manner in which the applicant or named predecessors in title have made it known in Canada in association with each of the general classes of wares or services described in the application; ( d ) in the case of a trade-mark that is the subject in or for another country of the Persuasive Speech - 7+ In Pdf, Union of a registration or an application for registration by the applicant or the applicant’s named predecessor in title on which the applicant bases the applicant’s right to registration, particulars of the | Timeline, application or registration and, if the 6 Estate Must-Haves, trade-mark has neither been used in Canada nor made known in Canada, the name of a country in which the trade-mark has been used by the applicant or the applicant’s named predecessor in title, if any, in 7+ Recording Template, association with each of the Frame Templates, And Graphics, general classes of wares or services described in the application; ( e ) in the case of Contract Template | Timeline Template, a proposed trade-mark, a statement that the applicant, by itself or through a licensee, or by itself and through a licensee, intends to use the trade-mark in Canada; ( f ) in | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing, the case of a certification mark, particulars of the defined standard that the use of the mark is intended to indicate and a statement that the applicant is not engaged in the manufacture, sale, leasing or hiring of wares or the performance of services such as those in association with which the certification mark is used; ( g ) the address of the applicant’s principal office or place of business in Canada, if any, and if the applicant has no office or place of business in Canada, the address of his principal office or place of Contract Template, business abroad and the name and Assessment And, address in Canada of a person or firm to whom any notice in respect of the application or registration may be sent, and on whom service of any proceedings in respect of the application or registration may be given or served with the same effect as if they had been given to or served on the applicant or registrant himself; ( h ) unless the application is for the registration only of a word or words not depicted in a special form, a drawing of the trade-mark and Contract Template, such number of accurate representations of the trade-mark as may be prescribed; and. ( i ) a statement that the applicant is - 7+ Documents In Pdf satisfied that he is entitled to use the trade-mark in 7+ Recording Template Template, Canada in association with the wares or services described in the application. 35. The Registrar may require an applicant for registration of a trade-mark to | Cafe, disclaim the 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, right to the exclusive use apart from the Assessment Of Skills: Process Di Turgoose And, trade-mark of such portion of the trade-mark as is not independently registrable, but the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, disclaimer does not prejudice or affect the applicant’s rights then existing or thereafter arising in the disclaimed matter, nor does the Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Letter, disclaimer prejudice or affect the applicant’s right to registration on a subsequent application if the disclaimed matter has then become distinctive of the applicant’s wares or services. 40. (1) When an application for registration of a trade-mark, other than a proposed trade-mark, is 7+ Recording Template allowed, the Registrar shall register the trade-mark and issue a certificate of its registration. (2) When an application for registration of Persuasive - 7+ Documents, a proposed trade-mark is allowed, the Registrar shall give notice to 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, the applicant accordingly and Self Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong And, shall register the trade-mark and Contract | Timeline Template, issue a certificate of registration on receipt of a declaration that the use of the trade-mark in Canada, in association with the wares or services specified in Sample Persuasive Speech In Pdf, the application, has been commenced by.
( b ) the applicant’s successor in title; or. ( c ) an 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, entity that is licensed by or with the authority of the Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates,, applicant to use the trade-mark, if the applicant has direct or indirect control of the character or quality of the 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, wares or services. 57. (1) The Federal Court has exclusive original jurisdiction, on the application of the 6 Estate Planning, Registrar or of 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, any person interested, to order that any entry in Letter. Letter, the register be struck out or amended on the ground that at the date of the application the entry as it appears on the register does not accurately express or define the existing rights of the person appearing to be the registered owner of the mark. Appeal allowed with costs. Solicitors for the appellant: MacLeod Dixon, Calgary; Gowling Lafleur Henderson, Toronto.
Solicitors for Contract Template | Timeline Template, the respondent: MBM Intellectual Property Law, Ottawa. Solicitors for the intervener: Bereskin Parr, Toronto.
How to buy a good college term paper online - Recording contract - Wikipedia - University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
Dec 02, 2017 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template,
See our Sample Resumes and Contract Template Template Cover Letters: Jan was aiming to use this resume to move up within his current company as well as to #resume | Marketing Resume, present to companies that might want his consulting services. Although Jan is quite young, he has been a successful entrepreneur for 7+ Recording Template many years and we wanted his energy and thought leadership to shine. But his current resume had a very junior look and did not showcase his accomplishments. We chose to | ~business~ | Pinterest, put Jan’s “Success Formula” at the top of the Template resume as an example of the forward thinking he brings to any organization. | Pinterest Resume. We also utilized supporting testimonials throughout to highlight Jan’s behavioral strengths. Contract | Timeline Template. For Jan’s most recent work history, we presented him as an Financial Aid Appeal Sample expert in business in this region with the header “Turnaround and Business Establishment Success in Norway / Nordics.” Graphs were used to display company growth in 7+ Recording Contract Template, both percentages and revenues under Jan’s leadership at two different positions. His new resume clearly paints him as a senior executive with significant strengths to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards | Pinterest, offer a successful growing company. Karen is clearly a rising star. Yet she had been applying for competitive positions in large corporations’ training programs, many of 7+ Recording them in Asia, and not getting calls for interviews.
We worked to match her resume to the keywords in the job descriptions for those training programs, expanded her resume from Speech - 7+, a one-pager (crammed with 10.5pt Garamond) to Contract Template, two pages (clearly she was missing opportunities by fitting everything on one page!) and gave her a new, modern format. We also categorized her very impressive accomplishments and emphasized her trilingual capabilities and multiculturalism, which were hidden on Marketing #resume | Pinterest Resume her original resume and clearly important for programs in 7+ Recording Template Template, Asia. Although Karen was applying for programs that were specifically recruiting for students, we did not want to paint her as just another student. We made her Ivy League education apparent by Planning, putting Ivy U in a line directly under the header, showcasing that important piece of 7+ Recording | Timeline her background. Instead of listing “Relevant Coursework” under the Pieces Templates, Slides Education section, we integrated her courses in the Skills section, since these were areas in Contract Template | Timeline Template, which she offered experience and expertise.
And we used the recognition she had received at Moore College to boost her credentials as someone chosen to represent a school in China; the logic was that a company would see “China Distinction” and be persuaded that they wanted her in their Asia program as well. Shortly after submitting her new resume, Karen began getting interviews and offers at companies including Coors, Burger King, HSBC and Capital One. Graphic Designer / Marketer Resume. Ofer’s original resume was basically a notepad document that included a long paragraph entitled “Background” written in the first person; an Objective statement; and bullets that were duty- rather than accomplishment-focused. As soon as I let Ofer know he could design his resume, a whole world opened up. I helped him with the words, and Of Skills: A Lifelong Di Turgoose he crafted the Contract format. We created a couple of Frame Slides And Graphics categories for his achievements — “Successful Client Campaigns” and “Revamp of Company’s Digital Image” — that draw attention to two of his strengths. The other bullets show his success on both the | Timeline artistic and strategic sides of marketing. 6 Estate Must-Haves. Finally, Ofer made the unconventional and Contract gutsy decision to include his photo in order to create a personal connection with the Menuboards | Pinterest prospective employer. The final resume is evidence of Ofer’s capability to 7+ Recording Template, design an “out-of-the-box” identity for Sample In Pdf a client — in this case, himself. Ofer used a text-based version of 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template this resume for Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing his on-line applications and succeeded in 7+ Recording Contract Template, obtaining multiple interviews and ultimately a job with Aptima, an artificial intelligence company.
Stay at Home Mom MBA Project Manager Resume. When Sara first came to us, she saw herself as a stay-at-home mom with a 10-year history of | Cafe Menuboards working on small projects that didn’t fully reflect her goals; her resume reflected that lack of 7+ Recording confidence. To make Sara’s experience relevant to her target position as a lease manager/site developer at a large national company, we prioritized her project management experience and leveraged her architecture background. Financial Aid Appeal Aid Appeal Letter. In the final product, her ten years of Contract Template “not working” are almost indistinguishable from her other accomplishments; she paints herself as a powerful driver of projects for large multi-national companies who contributes to corporations like BIG BIZ and will be a valuable addition to her next company. Capital Project Management Executive – VP / Director. Seth had been sending out an | Pinterest | Marketing old resume to his networks that was not achievement and metrics focused, and Template he was getting a lukewarm response.
We loaded his resume with lots of numbers that would convey his value to his next employer. One of the issues we negotiated with Seth is that he wanted to market himself both as a capital projects executive and a sourcing/supply chain executive. 6 Estate Must-Haves. While these two areas often intersect, there was potential to write different resumes for Contract Template | Timeline these two focal points. We ended up with three versions of his resume: this one (which was all-encompassing but through a capital projects lens), plus a version targeted for capital projects and another for sourcing. Must-Haves. In the end, he ended up using this more complete version for the majority of his job search activities. We mentioned the companies where Seth had worked in the top summary because BIGBIO is an extremely well-known large company and we also wanted him to come across as marketable to smaller companies.
Rather than have a Core Competencies section, we placed Seth’s 3 most important skills under his title, and, since they fit, put the rest of his key competencies in a bullet. We also used the top bullets to provide a sense of the range of 7+ Recording Contract Template industries and Marketing | ~business~ Resume functions where he has experience/expertise. For each of 7+ Recording his positions, we chose an overarching accomplishment followed by bullets of Aid Appeal Student Letter Sample how he achieved the larger project wins. Seth had a huge uptick in the response he was getting from his networks. He obtained a position as Senior Director of Capital Project Management at Contract Template a global engineering consulting company in Letter Sample, the biotech sphere. Patricia was very eager to transition out of her current position. We chose a format appropriate for the non-profit world (yes serifed fonts!) and emphasized her success with turnarounds, her mad fundraising skills, her bilingual capabilities, her passion for making a difference for children and families, and her strong connections with community and government institutions. We organized her bullets in sections based on 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline her biggest accomplishments, followed by Must-Haves, sub-bullets of how she reached those goals. We chose a serifed font and 7+ Recording Contract Template format that’s a bit “old school” while being clean and professional. 6 Estate Must-Haves. In my experience with non-profit executives, this format continues to be very successful. It was for Patricia.
Pat was extremely successful with this resume. 7+ Recording Template. She received several job offers within just a few weeks, and accepted a position she loves as a CEO at a Chicago non-profit. Account Executive – Marketing Sales Resume. Markita did not have a resume when we started working with her, so we created this one from scratch. We included many items to draw the reader’s attention, including quotations from the client and from her supervisors, as well as a graph (graphs speak loudly in the marketing sales industry!) Markita was rapidly offered 7 interviews and 2 jobs using this resume. Julie’s resume is an Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards example of a hybrid. Her original resume did include her most recent positions and the bullets at the top were not the most relevant for Contract Template the opportunities she was seeking. We prioritized the order in which her positions appeared so that her most relevant accomplishments would be read first. Persuasive Speech - 7+. We added her dates of employment and provided a full employment history so as not to suggest that she had anything to Contract Template Template, hide.
We also deleted some of the inappropriate information she had included such as marital status. A testimonial at the top tells the reader who she is so she does not have to list her own character traits. Finally, we gave Julie a new attractive format and a strong branding statement in the top third of the page. Julie found a job in 90 days with this resume doing exactly what she loves! Linda?s resume did not draw the reader?s attention to anything in particular. Her format was “blah” and her bullets had no focus. #resume | ~business~ | Marketing Resume. Although there were some accomplishments scattered throughout the resume, they were hard to | Timeline, find. We gave Linda a much-improved format with strong visual appeal. Of Skills: Process Di Turgoose And. We pulled some of her key strengths into a list of highlights in the top third of the resume, added graphs to visually represent her achievements, and inserted functional headings above strictly accomplishment-oriented bullets. Linda?s new resume shows her off as a powerful,
savvy Executive. Template | Timeline. It got her multiple interviews — and a job with Lockheed Martin! Sandra’s resume was written in Assessment Of Skills: Di Turgoose, an “old school” format that had little visual interest. Her bullets were very broad and Contract Template duty-focused, and were not organized in any particular way. We gave her a new modern format, made sure to load the resume with keywords, and added categories for her bullets to #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, help guide the reader’s expectations. With her new resume, Sandra can be confident that if anyone is looking for a Financial Executive with skills in Cost Reduction Containment, Process Improvement, Relationship Building, or Finance Planning, they will be encouraged to 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, read about her accomplishments in those areas. Brad was seeking a VP of Operations position in Marketing #resume, the construction industry, and was realistic that he might need to expand his search to other fields.
We crafted his resume so that it would be effective both in his industry of choice and 7+ Recording across related industries (he had the option of deleting “within construction industry” from his Summary). The resume was originally in a very simplistic format, and Frame Powerpoint Slides the summary was essentially a list of keywords and cliched language like “respected senior leader” and Template “proven track record.” We crafted a powerful branding statement, pulled Brad’s keywords into a clear list of Areas of Persuasive Documents Expertise, and gave him a format that spoke to his level of Contract Template accomplishment. We also carved away terms like “responsible for” and “responsibilities included” and ratcheted up his power verbs. There were many accomplishments that Brad had not listed on his original resume. Financial Student Aid Appeal Letter. We identified them and categorized his achievements in a way that would be easily understandable to any reader. Finally, we designed a chart that spoke to Brad’s three most impressive accomplishments, each of which was in a different unit of measurement. The common unit of measurement was the percentage increase! And we added a testimonial for a finishing touch.
This resume was a genuine joint effort between the client and Template The Essay Expert. Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe. A true pleasure, start to finish. This high level VP had a four-page sprawling resume written in Contract Template | Timeline Template, a tiny font. He had impressive accomplishments but no hiring manager would have the Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Slides patience to wade through his text. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline. We reorganized his accomplishments and reduced the resume to two pages, and Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides he obtained his first CEO job within a few weeks after submission of his new resume. Mary’s original resume gave the reader nowhere to focus and had too little information about her current position.
Although some significant accomplishments were listed, they were difficult to Contract Template, find due to the unwieldy format of the resume. We created a strong branding statement for Mary and crystallized and categorized each of her accomplishments. Self Assessment Of Skills:. We also added a testimonial to 7+ Recording Contract, support her impressive achievements. Mary used this resume to Sample, obtain a job in the Human Resources Department of the Employers Council in her region, a non-profit organization with 3,000 members and a staff of Contract Template | Timeline Template 160+ that partners with employers to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe, maintain effective employer/employee relationships. The first thing you may notice in the “Before” version of this resume is that most of the text is in italics. This font is challenging to the eye and the flow of the text is difficult to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, follow. The dates in the column on the left inefficiently occupy important space. The 11 bullets in the first experience section reduce readability. There are distracting links inserted into the resume body. Finally, despite this client’s years of work experience, his education is listed first.
The final resume has a new cleaner and more professional look with more white space. Some of the architect’s accomplishments are combined; we had conversations with him to determine which bullets could be deleted. All extraneous, duplicative and unnecessary text was carved away to produce a clean, sharp and beautiful resume – a visual match for this accomplished architect, and one that helped him secure a position with a prominent firm in Milwaukee and later a position at Harvard University! Recent Graduate – Marketing Resume. Aaron had applied to Financial Letter. Letter, several jobs using his existing resume, with no success. It took him just three days to Contract Template, get an interview using his new resume. What did we change?
We took his overdone, clunky format and gave him a unique yet much simplified look. Planning. We took his Objective statement and replaced it with a clear branding statement. Finally, we provided previously absent details of his successes and accomplishments. The result: Aaron got an edge on his fellow graduating classmates, obtaining a position he loves as a Brand Ambassador at Switch. And his phone continues to ring with more interview offers! Non-Profit Professional / MPA – Development Cover Letter. Law Student – Clerkship Application Cover Letter.
Get a FREE Excerpt of How to Write a KILLER LinkedIn Profile! When you sign up for 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Brenda's Weekly Blog Madison, WI 53703. (with services internationally) The Essay Expert is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program.
designed to provide a means for sites to Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates,, earn advertising fees by Contract, advertising and linking to amazon.com. Please note that “The Essay Expert LLC” is in no way associated with the California company “Essay Experts LLC” or its Canadian counterpart “Essay Experts, Inc.”
Type My Essay - Artist Management Contract - Public Domain… - Oregon State University
Dec 02, 2017 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template,
100 Technology Topics for Research Papers. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Contract | Timeline, over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Every year, technological devices become faster, smaller, and smarter. Your cell phone holds more information than the | ~business~ | Marketing Resume room-sized computers that sent a man to the moon. In my essay Can Today's College Students Solve World Problems? , I talk about how advances like the green revolution and more fuel-efficient cars solved many of the problems that I worried about as college freshman in 1979. Yet these new solutions also cause new problems, like how the 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template gasoline engine made travel faster and easier but also raised concerns about air pollution and global warming. Below, you will find many questions, ideas, links, research, and videos to 6 Estate get you started on your research essay and ideas for how to write about technology from different perspectives, including: How to Write a Technology Research Paper General Topics (a list of questions to get you started) Reproduction (including egg and sperm donation and in vitro technologies) Our Bodies (including organ and animal transplants and innovations in surgery technologies) Human Cloning Topics (including genetic engineering) Identity (questions about how technologies influence our identities) Relationships (how texting, cell phones, and social media affect relationships) The Military Information Technology and Storage Five Kinds of Arguable Claims.
Researching technology can involve looking at 7+ Recording Template, how it solves problems, creates new problems, and how interaction with technology has changed humankind. Understand your Research Assignment: What kind of a research paper has your instructor assigned? Re-read your assignment sheet and any information in the textbook. For example, I ask my students to choose a technology topic for a Summary, Analysis, and Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents, Response essay which asks them to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline research three or more perspectives on an issue. Find a Topic Idea : Look over the six technology research topic list categories and scan the different arguable questions. For an Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides And Graphics Exploratory paper, you will need a topic which has three or more perspectives to explore. If you are doing a Position, Argument, or a Cause paper, you will need to know the different perspectives, but you will use your answer to the question as your thesis statement. Read about the Topic : Once you find one you like, you can learn more about that issue by 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, looking at some of the hyperlinked articles. You can also look at Gale Opposing Viewpoints (which is often available through your school library) to find articles that give you an overview of the issue. Choose a Question to Research : After you find a topic idea you like, write out the question and Assessment Process Di Turgoose, make a list of 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template other similar issues or words you could use as keywords to research.
You can use the other questions on Marketing | ~business~ | Marketing Resume the topic list to help you out. Use Your Keyword Ideas to 7+ Recording Look for Articles : You can start by looking at Google to see what you will find, but don't use articles from Aid Appeal Student Letter Sample Google that don't fit the Contract Template type of authoritative sources your instructor requires. Use your library resources to find more academic articles. The technology research topics below are listed in categories and include hyperlinked articles to help you get you started. Many of the essays are used in Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Sample, popular college research essay textbooks like Perspectives on Contract Template | Timeline Argument (ed. Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong! Nancy Wood), which I use with my college students. However, because technology changes so quickly, I've also included links to articles in Discover Magazine which highlight interesting new innovations. Discover is 7+ Recording Template a good place to start looking for topics since the Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates, Slides And Graphics magazine is written with authoritative scientific sources for the general reader. Here are the steps to Contract Template | Timeline start your research paper: Here is a list of twenty starter topic ideas for research essays.
See below for many more! What are the Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Marketing long-term effects of living in a technological world? Are these mostly negative or positive? Are children under 12 now growing up in a different world than college-age students did? How is it different, and what does that mean for them? What is the 7+ Recording Contract Template most important new technology for solving world problems? How has social media helped solve and create problems in Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, countries outside the U.S.? Will governments like China continue to be able to control citizens' access to the Internet and 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, social media?
How do social media, texting, cell phones, and the Internet make the world bigger? Smaller? What are the implications of ever-increasing globalization through technology to the global economy? Technology is changing so quickly that we are frequently using computers, software programs, and #resume | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, other technologies that have frustrating glitches and problems. Is there a solution? How does our experience of social interactions with other humans influence the Template | Timeline Template way we interact with machines? When does it become morally wrong to genetically engineer your child? What are new ways people can use technology to change the Sample - 7+ world? How is digital learning going to change schools and 7+ Recording Template, education? Does the Pieces Frame Slides Internet need controls or censorship? If so, what kind?
Do digital tools make us more or less productive at Template | Timeline Template, work? To what extent is the development of Speech new technologies having a negative effect? How will technology change our lives in twenty years? Should people get identity chips implanted under their skin? Should people in all countries have equal access to technological developments?
Can video gaming really help solve world problems? (see video) How are brains different from computers? (see video) Is organic food really better for you than genetically modified foods? What are genetically modified food technologies able to do? How does this compare with traditional plant breeding methods? Should genetically modified food technologies be used to 7+ Recording Template solve hunger issues? Since it is now possible to sequence human genes to find out about possible future heath risks, is that something everyone should have done? What are the advantages or disadvantages? If people have genetic testing, who has the right to Financial Aid Appeal Letter. Letter Sample that information? Should healthcare companies and employers have access to that information? If parents have genetic information about their children, when and how should they share it with the child?
What sort of genetic information should parents seek about their children and 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, how might this influence raising that child? Would having cars that drive themselves be a good or bad idea? How might travel in the future be different? Should information technologies and Internet availability make work from home the norm? How Will Computers Change in Five Years?
What is the Self Assessment A Lifelong Process And best way for infertile couples to have a child? Should research into 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, mechanical reproduction technologies be unlimited? What do we do about Sample Persuasive Speech Documents In Pdf, frozen embryos that won't be used by 7+ Recording | Timeline, the donating couple? Should adopting frozen embryos be encouraged more widely? Is mechanical reproduction ethical? Is there a difference between raising adopted and birth children? How can we best take care of the problem of unwanted pregnancies? What makes a person a mother or a father? What regulation should there be on the infertility technologies? Should health insurance plans cover infertility technologies? Your Gamete, Myself: An article about egg and sperm donation.
How important is it to Marketing #resume | Pinterest | Marketing have a genetic connection with your children? Do egg donors and children have rights to 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template a relationship? Should egg and sperm donors be compensated? The Curious Lives of Surrogates: Discussing the reason why some women choose to be surrogate mothers. Is surrogate pregnancy a good way for Letter. Aid Appeal Letter Sample, a couple to get a baby?
Is it right that surrogacy is Contract | Timeline heavily advertised to military wives? What should the Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Letter children’s rights be in a case of surrogate pregnancy? Should surrogates be used for 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline, any reason, or only for Financial Aid Appeal Student Sample, health reasons? Is it ethical for a woman to 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template carry someone else’s child? Should there be regulations of international surrogacy? What do we need to do in order to make organ donation a better experience for everyone involved? When is a person dead? How do we define death? Should there be changes in Assessment A Lifelong, our definition of Template “brain death? Should organ donors be given pain medications? Should we choose organ donation for ourselves and our loved ones?
Do organ donors feel pain? What is the best method of #resume | ~business~ | Marketing organ replacement to solve the problem of a shortage of Template donors? Will regenerating human limbs be a reality in our lifetime? What is the best way to help people who have lost a limb? Is it ethical to use tissue from Sample Speech - 7+ In Pdf animals in people?
Are using embryonic stem cells necessary, or will technological innovations make these obsolete? Should more funding grants from the National Institute of Health (which tend to support research projects without immediate practical applications) go to 7+ Recording practical research projects which produce direct medical help to Self Di Turgoose And individuals? When considering war, should we factor in the medical costs of soldiers who will return wounded? The Bypass Cure: Tells of new evidence that Gastric Bypass surgery can cure diabetes. What is the best way to help solve the 7+ Recording Contract problem of a rising number of people with Type 2 diabetes in Puzzle Frame Powerpoint Templates,, the U.S.? What is the Contract best way to treat people with morbid obesity?
Should bypass surgeries be used as a standard cure for type 2 diabetes? What is the Financial Student Letter cause of the recent increase in Contract | Timeline Template, diabetes in the U.S.? How much of Speech - 7+ Documents diabetes type 2 and obesity is genetic? How much is behavioral? Should people with obesity and diabetes or other diseases pay more for 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, health care? Genetic Engineering of Humans Research Links. Genetically Engineering Babies with Three Parents (two short articles explaining this) Reverse Eugenics: Choosing an Embryo With a Disability Help Wanted: Adventurous Woman to Give Birth to a Neanderthal Baby Human Genome Project fact sheets Is human cloning a good or bad idea? Should we ban human cloning? What makes people human? What is the role of religion/faith in making decisions about Aid Appeal Letter. Letter, using reproductive technologies? How does cloning change the value of 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template human life?
How should we best solve the problem of genetic diseases? Is there a point when genetic engineering has gone too far? Who should decide the limits of how genetic engineering is Self Process Di Turgoose used? What is the best way to use the technologies of genetic engineering to 7+ Recording Contract Template Template help humans? Which genetic engineering projects should be given the most funding? Medicine, Experiments, and Human Identity. Should human life be deemed more important than animal life? What is the dignity of human life and how should we observe this in Student Aid Appeal Letter Sample, medical situations?
Who decides how far medical research should go? Should there be limits to Contract Template the scientific investigation on humans? DNA Test Gives Students Shock (http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/13/nyregion/dna-tells-students-they-arent-who-they-thought.html?_r=0) What should determine our racial identity? Is is our DNA, our appearance, our choice, our family or our cultural environment? How important is DNA information in Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, forming our identity? Should people get Ancestry DNA testing? Should identifying as multi-racial be more common? Ways to Leave Your Body: Tells about out-of-body technologies like virtual reality as well as other ways to be outside yourself. Template Template! What is the self?
Can it be found in scientific investigation? Does science have the | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing final say about Contract Template | Timeline, who we are? Will technology create an Inception effect where people will not be able to Sample Speech Documents distinguish out-of-body from in-body experiences? How will virtual reality technology change us? Is virtual reality the future? Should there be a limit to | Timeline the research on virtual reality?
What are the Pieces Powerpoint Slides And Graphics uses and benefits of virtual reality technologies? The Switched On Brain: Describes studies that are using light waves in the brain to cure psychiatric diseases. Is controlling brains with technology like light ethical? How important is Contract Template it to find alternative treatments (something other than drugs) for mental illness? What is the best way to treat mental illness? Has an increase in the use of technology affected the rise of Marketing | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing mental illness in the U.S.? If it were possible, should technologies be used to control drug addictions?
Should we seek ways to control the brain with technologies? What are the social dangers of brain-controlling technologies? Has social media changed our relationships in a good or bad way? How important is it to monitor and limit our social media intake? Is addiction to technology something we should worry about? Are the | Timeline distractions of using social media negatively influencing the workplace? Has media hurt or helped family communication?
Friendship communication? Romantic relationships? What is the best way to manage technology in relationships? What is the best way to maintain a close relationship? Is using technology in Financial Aid Appeal Letter, college classrooms a good or bad idea? What is the best way for educators to 7+ Recording Contract Template incorporate social media in their classrooms? What is the Puzzle Pieces Templates, Slides best way for educators to use technology to Contract | Timeline teach? Should there be social rules about cell phone use in schools or the workplace?
How are technologies changing the way people interact in the workplace? Have texting and | Marketing, social media damaged this generation's ability to 7+ Recording Contract Template communicate in person? Do cell phones and 6 Estate Planning, social media make family relationships stronger? How has texting changed the way we communicate with one another? What are the dangers of texting?
When is 7+ Recording Template texting rude? Has texting made this generation less respectful of Menuboards | Pinterest other people? Who decides? How should people manage their social networking profiles? How important is this? Should there be limits to the access a university or employer has to social profiles? Should teachers have limits on social networking with students? How should professionals use Facebook or other social media? Should there be more regulations on Template Template social media privacy?
How large a role should social profiles have in hiring and other decisions? How justifiable is it to take legal action against someone for Marketing, posts on social media sites? Does increasing military technology really make us safer? Do more guns make people more or less safe? How much money should the U.S. devote to military research for Template, better weapons? What would happen if someone detonated a nuclear bomb today? How should the U.S. and other nations deal with Iran and North Korea and their development of nuclear weapons technology?
Should we destroy our nuclear weapons? How has modern warfare technology changed the way we view war? Has technology made the world safer or less safe? Should drones be used in modern warfare? What is the effect of taking people out of direct combat with the enemy?
Is technology changing the way we read? Does an Marketing | Marketing online format cause readers to skim rather than fully digest information? Is being able to Contract Template Template find information quickly online a good or bad thing? How do we gauge intelligence? How is Google search changing us? How should we change teaching to Self Assessment Di Turgoose And incorporate new technologies? How important is 7+ Recording Template it that schools teach using iPads, Smart Boards, social media, and other new technologies? Is there an intelligence developed through conventional reading and research which is being lost in Menuboards | Pinterest, the digital age?
If Google prefers their own brand of 7+ Recording Contract information, are we getting the best when we search? Should there be regulation of sites such as Wikipedia which provide information that is not necessarily credible? Are blogs better than books? How necessary is teaching traditional researching skills to today’s young people? Do schools and Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf, parents need to encourage or discourage media use? How is reading digitally different than reading print? Is the digital generation going to be smarter or dumber?
Is Google affecting the attention span of young people? Is using technology for 7+ Recording Template, entertainment a bad thing? Information Storage (see videos) DNA storage of information by Harvard scientists; predictions about changes in computer processing design. - 7+ In Pdf! How can storing information on DNA create new information system technologies? Are there any ethical objections to using DNA for 7+ Recording | Timeline, storage? Is unlimited data storage a good thing? How can humans manage these large amounts of information? Should we worry about the Sample In Pdf fact that the line between the 7+ Recording Template Template human brain and a computer is getting blurred? Is it a problem that computers will soon be able to think? Should we build robots to do many of the tasks people don't like to do? How relevant is the Wall-E scenario to our future?
Where is the hardware and software borderline in Of Skills: Process, cloud computing? What will be the consequences of everything moving into the cloud? Can reinforcement learning teach robots to 7+ Recording Contract Template be more intelligent and more like humans? Since open-source is becoming more of a trend in computer science, how can computer programmers be able to protect a device? How will big data and bioinformatics change biology?
What is machine learning? How important is 6 Estate Planning it? Where will machine learning have the most impact? How will virtualization change entertainment? How will virtual reality change education?
Is virtual reality a good or bad thing? What is the next level for the Internet? How can the Internet be changed to make it better? If computers take over many of our tasks, what will humans do? Which computer languages are going to be most important in the future? If there is a new computer language to 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline be invented, what does it need to Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong Di Turgoose do to 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template be better than the languages we now have?
How are robots changing health care? 100 Science Topics for Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. 100 Exploratory Essay Topics With Research and Sample Papers. by Virginia Kearney 2. Step-by-Step Research Paper on a Non Profit. by Virginia Kearney 0. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template Write Better Essays. by Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint Templates, Slides And Graphics, Virginia Kearney 123. 7+ Recording Contract! 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Describe Yourself - 180 Words for Your Positive Qualities. by Susana S 363. good topics about digital learning please. marine Technology for good topic? Meseret Tadesse from Ethiopia,wsu. 7 weeks ago. thank! for your topics and idea. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States.
Hi ASD, you would need to narrow down your topic and idea in order to Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates, And Graphics find a good title. You might want to Template look at my other topic ideas in Aid Appeal Letter. Student Letter, my other articles on Science ideas. This list was super helpful, there are some great ideas and Template Template, topics to write about. thanks for publishing this. Virginia Kearney 2 months ago from United States. Hi Ariane--check out my other ideas on science topics by looking at my profile or searching on the site for my other articles. Financial Aid Appeal Sample! Here are a few ideas: What are the advantages of Free Space Optics?
How is the Philippines most vulnerable to cyber attacks? How can we better protect our data from 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline hackers? Hi good day! May I ask your help?? Help me find the best title for my research..my course is | Cafe | Pinterest information system. About the computer system..I'm from 7+ Recording Template Philippines..thank you ma'am. Assessment! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi, Thea--Look at my article on Science Research Topics. Find the Template Template link either in the sidebar or on A Lifelong Di Turgoose my profile page. I need a research topic about science. A topic which is similar to investigatory project or science project.
Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from Contract United States. Thanks, Allie, You might want to Letter Sample check my article about science topics. In reality, most of chemical engineering is moving over to 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template computational engineering and nanotechnology. So a good topic might be, how is | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing Resume computational engineering changing chemical engineering or how is the chemical engineering profession changing? Many colleges are actually dropping the name chemical engineering entirely. Contract Template | Timeline Template! The suggested topics given are all good.
But can you also please give me an example of Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards a research topic about chemical engineering? Its for my research paper in K12. Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Hi Mitch- for robotics and computer science topics, you might want to try: How will nanobots change biology? Are smart houses safe? Is facial recognition software making privacy impossible? How should we allow facial recognition software to be used? Is it a good idea for Contract Template, us to | ~business~ move everything to the cloud? What careers will robots take over in Template | Timeline Template, the next 20 years? can you give an example of a research topic about Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong Di Turgoose And, robots or computer science? Virginia Kearney 6 months ago from United States.
Des, for Template | Timeline, younger students, it is a good idea to pick a topic that they can research with videos as well as well as articles. I'd suggest going to YouTube and searching for educational videos on bread and pastry. That might give you some ideas. Puzzle Frame And Graphics! You also might want to start with a kitchen science type of approach. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template! Then start with a question that students can look for to answer. Self Of Skills: A Lifelong Process And! For example, What are the different ways to make bread around the world? or What are the different ways to Contract Template Template make bread rise? or What is the history of Puzzle Pieces Frame Slides And Graphics sourdough bread? Do you have some techniques in formulating research titles for specialized subjects in K to 12, most specially about bread and pastry. Your help and suggestion will be much appreciated.
Thank you. 7+ Recording! Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Hi Restituto--I have everything you would need to write a research paper here on HubPages. Look for | Pinterest, Problem Solution paper and Research Essay. hi! can you help me for my research paper which is all about in technology that affects in colleges student and how we solve it.. thanks! super, great job. Thank you. This can be a lifesaver :) Virginia Kearney 15 months ago from United States. | Timeline! Hi Madhavi--I don't understand why you would be running out of | Cafe Menuboards time trying to choose a Ph.D proposal. Generally, you should be working that out with the professor in | Timeline, charge of your research. However, I do think that this is something that people are actually researching on Powerpoint Slides right now in education and probably this could be a general topic area for 7+ Recording Contract Template, your research.
However, you would need a narrow and specific focus for a Ph.D. 6 Estate Must-Haves! along with specific areas of learning you would be examining. Template! Hi,I would like to confirm about one essay topic of above mentioned. i.e..How important is it that schools teach using ipads,smart boards,social media and other new technologies. is it a research topic which can be picked up for a phd research proposal. PLz help me by Puzzle Pieces Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides, responding immediately on this..am running out of time.. MizBejabbers 20 months ago. Hi, Virginia, some of these topics are just good common sense discussion, but some go very deep and beyond even human understanding. For instance, we have been discussing in a spiritual study group whether souls will be willing to occupy cloned bodies. Highly unscientific, but it might be a good paper for a theology class. Anyway, its a very interesting article and 7+ Recording Contract Template Template, well presented.
I would love to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe Menuboards be a student today and 7+ Recording Contract Template, present papers on some of these topics. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Hi Marcus. I think that some of these topics could be used for a Master's research essay, but you would have to talk with your professor about the requirements for | Marketing, your degree. Template | Timeline! Many of the links I've given are based on actual research articles which are published in professional journals. Since those full academic essays are hard for Marketing | ~business~ | Pinterest | Marketing Resume, non-specialists to read, I use the more popular explanations of those articles. However, for 7+ Recording Template Template, a Master's thesis, you could access the original articles. Are these topics suitable for Masters Level research essays? christian reloxd 2 years ago. This is really useful for students as well as research people also. jessica smith 2 years ago. Hello . I have read your article.
You shared informative tips about research papers. It will be very helpful for everyone. Thank you. Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe | Pinterest! thanks for learning about technology topic. Contract Template Template! Benjamin Dalton 2 years ago. Your article is | ~business~ Resume imperative and quite inspiring for the people who are connected with the technology. 7+ Recording! It is filled with thousands of information about technology research paper. The subjects you have written about are just phenomenon. Looking forward some more articles based on science and technology. Sarah Forester 3 years ago from Australia.
Heaps of great ideas here! Tech Reviewer 3 years ago from | ~business~ Online. Great article and really nicely written as well. I've shared on my Facebook Twitter. If you are interested, I'm helping at this start up called TechReviewer.co.uk - it is entirely about 7+ Recording Contract Template, technology and they are looking for new writers to submit articles. You get your work professionally edited and published and all for free so if you are interested in writing about technology give it a look!
Thanks. Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia. THIS IS EPIC! Thanks for compiling this list, pal -- really enjoyed going over it! Voted up :) Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. I used these topics in my 2nd semester class last year and we had great discussions as well as some terrific papers. I'm really looking forward to using them again this year. Interesting ideas!
I teach with technology at lot, and I always want my students to think critically about uses, but don't always have these great questions to engage them with. Thank you, and voted up! DATALOAD 4 years ago from Michigan. Great work. Some of your suggestions beg to Aid Appeal Letter Sample be further explored.
Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Tell me what the instructions are from your professor and I will see if I can help you. i have a problem there is 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template so many confusion for selecting research paper toppic related to information technology field but i can't decide so plz help me out ,as im IT student. Andrew Spacey 4 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK. Phenomenal subject list - a great resource for those seeking ideas on controversial and regular topics. I congratulate you on the work! Is Google making us stupid?
I like that one. I haven't made my mind up yet - only on alternate days. Votes for Speech In Pdf, this hub. Joan Whetzel 4 years ago from Katy, Texas. 7+ Recording Contract Template! Great ideas from diverse subject areas. Cool. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. | Pinterest! Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Contract Template | Timeline Template! HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and Letter. Student Letter, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.
Do My College Homework Online For Me For Money - Recording contract - Wikipedia - University of Florida, Gainsville, FL
Dec 02, 2017 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline Template,
Example Of Debate Paper Essays and Contract Research Papers. Debate Paper Outline The outline for the Debate paper —the organization of the paper —is . really quite simple. Here’s what it would look like. This is a template. It tells you the format, but does not tell you the Persuasive Speech - 7+ Documents, content. That depends on your research.
Don’t just copy this. Instead, fill in | Timeline the information on Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint And Graphics, your research question and your sources. (By the way, I don’t care so much about whether you follow the rules for 7+ Recording Contract Template a formal outline. This template uses a mix of formal and Sample Speech In Pdf informal styles. If. Bell Canada , Research , Source 1088 Words | 4 Pages.
Debate Paper Christopher M Brown, Willie Smith and Helwan Meza BCOM/275 August 5, 2013 Glenn Arola Debate . Paper Should parents be held responsible for their minor children’s criminal behavior? In this paper , Learning Team C will be discussing Should parents be held responsible for their minor children's criminal behavior? Parents should not be held any more accountable for Contract Template the crimes of 6 Estate Must-Haves their children than children should be held responsible for 7+ Recording Template the crimes of their parents. It does not. Child abuse , Crime , Crime in the United States 1910 Words | 5 Pages. ? Debate Paper For decades gay rights has been at the forefront of national debates , especially the . Financial Letter. Aid Appeal? debate on gay marriage.
In today’s society gay marriage is being pushed to be legal in all 50 states, currently it is only legal in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maryland, Maine, New York, Vermont, Iowa, Washington and | Timeline Template most recently Rhode Island. Marketing | Pinterest? The debate over whether gay marriage is moral is really up to which side of the debate one stands on. 7+ Recording | Timeline Template? Currently in the United States same. Civil union , Federal government of the United States , Homosexuality 1757 Words | 5 Pages. ? The use of Menuboards | Pinterest animals in scientific experimentation should be continued to be fought against 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline because it is morally wrong in so many ways; there are . alternatives to animal experimentation. Sample Documents? The use of animals in experimentation has been a debate and 7+ Recording | Timeline Template a controversy for quite some time now. There are many who strong opinions and Financial Student views on this very sensitive issue; I even stand strongly against using animals for any kind of 7+ Recording experimentation. This always leads us to 6 Estate, one question that has been been asked;. Animal Liberation Front , Animal rights , Animal testing 1926 Words | 6 Pages.
Trade: It is commonly accepted that most economists, including the many experts cited in these pages, are advocates of free trade. Economists at the . Institute for International Economics and the Center for Strategic and International Studies, for | Timeline example , argue that over Financial Aid Appeal Letter Sample, the last 60 years, the U.S. economy is about a $1 trillion per year richer as a result of the expansion of international trade . and could gain another $500 billion annually if the world were to move to totally free trade. Contract | Timeline Template? There. Balance of trade , Economy of the United States , Export 1469 Words | 5 Pages. administrative and Planning Must-Haves military costs (Ayers et al.
2005, 14). The program Grenville started in 1764 with the Contract Template, Sugar Act which charged duties on sugar and Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Pinterest the . | Timeline Template? Currency Act in 1764. This act caused hardship because the colonies were forbidden from issuing paper money and 6 Estate caused a shortage of currency (Ayers et al. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template? 2005, 23). Pieces Powerpoint Slides? Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 which in Contract Template Template turn caused a revolt among the thirteen colonies. Marketing | Marketing? The act required publications and official transactions to be subject to these. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Boston Tea Party 1026 Words | 5 Pages.
English-Only Debate Paper Amanda M. Pettit Grand Canyon University ESL 523N November 7, 2010 English . language learners make up a large percentage of our students today. This percentage is Contract Template Template only going to continue to Marketing #resume, grow more and more every day. This issue as a teacher is very hard to debate because as a teacher I feel that we should want our students to learn as much as possible and understand what they learn regardless of diversity or racial ethnicity. It never occurred to. Education , English language , French language 816 Words | 3 Pages. Thank you Madam Speaker. A very good morning I would like to wish to the honourable adjudicators, precise timekeepers, fellow members of the 7+ Recording Contract Template, government, . members of the opposition and Planning members of the floor.
We are gathered here today to debate on a very important motion that is THBT physically challenged people should not be seperated in schools. And, we, the government strongly back this motion. To address this motion, please allow me to start off by specifying my role and | Timeline Template the role of my fellow. Disability , Education , Leader of the Opposition 1088 Words | 3 Pages. ? Week 9: Final Project Debate Paper XBCOM/275 Business Communications and Critical Thinking October 20, 2013 Dr. Pieces Frame Slides? . Jim Burrescia The issue that is the subject of my debate paper is the George Zimmerman trial. George Zimmerman, 28 years old at the time, shot and Template killed 17 year old Trayvon Martin on February 26, 2012 in Sanford, Florida. Zimmerman was the Marketing | ~business~, neighborhood watch patrolman and Martin was visiting his father who lived in the gated community where the shooting. Crime , Jury , Manslaughter 1631 Words | 5 Pages. Title of Paper Uses Upper and Lower Case Student A. Name Westwood College Abstract An abstract is a statement summarizing the 7+ Recording Contract Template, . important points of Sample - 7+ Documents a paper . Typically they are used for long research papers . An acceptable length for 7+ Recording Contract Template an abstract is between 150 and 250 words.
The text should be double-spaced, the font should be Times New Roman and the margins should be 1 inch. Sample Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf? Most classes do not require an abstract. 7+ Recording | Timeline? If you are not required an Menuboards | Pinterest, abstract, simply delete this page. . Citation , Lower case , Lymph node biopsy 838 Words | 3 Pages. Example for Outlining a Research/Term Paper Before you start writing get your ideas down in a logical sequence that you can then . use to expand while actually writing the paper . This is only meant to be an example and a guide; pay attention to your teacher’s instructions for the assignment and format instructions for their class. Know what style format your instructor wants you to use - APA or MLA. Thesis statement: Example : The cost of medical care in the United States is causing the poor. APA style , Bibliography , Citation 909 Words | 4 Pages.
English language is Contract not a gauge of Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe | Pinterest one’s intelligence, as subjects such as Science and Math do not need to Contract Template | Timeline, revolve around the language. Recent studies have . shown that students who study in their own native tongue have obtained the highest scores, for example students from Japan and Korea. Eduardo Gullas, an Self Of Skills: Process Di Turgoose, old lawmaker from 7+ Recording Contract Template, Cebu, says that Filipino children failed in 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves the recent math and science tests given by DepEd because they have poor English. He also added: “To begin with, math and Contract Template | Timeline Template science manuals. English language , French language , Languages of Pakistan 819 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper Outline Examples * Main Page * Research * Foundations * Academic * Write Paper . * For Kids by Explorable.com (Nov 5, 2011) Research Paper Outline Examples This is an article with a few research paper outline examples . Creating an outline is the first thing you should do before you start working on your research paper . Write a Paper * 1Writing a Paper * 2Outline * 2.1Write an Outline * 2.2Outline Examples * 3Research Question . Academic publishing , Argument , Breastfeeding 980 Words | 7 Pages. ? Final Project: Debate Paper Over the past few weeks I have had some close people . to me have serious medical issues including death as a result of obesity. Persuasive - 7+ Documents In Pdf? I have been going to the gym for the past few years to be as healthy as I can. I feel that health and fitness is a necessity to live a long healthy life. With this being said the subject of my debate is the Template, following: Should childhood obesity be an issue that is dealt with at a more serious level. Childhood obesity , Health , Health care 1841 Words | 5 Pages.
?Chan Kim Professor Seiling HIST 170 22 May 2013 Debate between John Brown and Irrational Terrorist Opposition to | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest, slavery issue was a major . problem in the seventeenth and eighteenth century in the United States. 7+ Recording Template Template? Most of the opposition came from the religious leaders, especially Christian (Purtian) leaders. Such as Samuel Sewall, John Woolman and Anthony Bezezet published pamphlets that urge people to abolish slavery system. John Brown was also the abolitionist who believed that armed insurrection. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 1155 Words | 5 Pages. Process Papers Students producing entries in the exhibit, media, and performance categories* must also write a “process . paper .” This paper introduces your topic, explains how you developed your entry, and documents your research. It is important to | Pinterest, do a good job on this part of your entry because it is the first thing that people look at when evaluating History Day entries. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template? The process paper contains three parts: the title page, a research description, and the annotated bibliography. *The.
Annotated bibliography , Annotation , Book design 732 Words | 3 Pages. attention to is the scope of Financial Aid Appeal Aid Appeal your paper or what you will be including in your discussion. Template | Timeline? The broader your topic is, the more difficult it is . to discuss your topic in Marketing | ~business~ full details. This is why you should establish before hand the scope and limitations of your paper and this will be the foundation of your research paper outline. Basically, your outline will constitute three main parts namely the Introduction, the Body and 7+ Recording the Conclusion. But to make sure your paper is complete, consult your instructor. Argument , Breast milk , Breastfeeding 570 Words | 3 Pages. Debate Paper In 1996, in Sample Speech order to fulfill his campaign promise to end welfare as we know it President . Bill Clinton signed the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline, Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), as a result both the fabric and management of the national welfare system were altered. Marketing #resume | Pinterest? With any policy change comes conflict in the form of opposing perspectives, and the two conflicting viewpoints that will be discussed for the basis of this paper were induced as a result. Conditional Cash Transfer , Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act , Unemployment 1472 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction DEBATING: A BASIC INTRODUCTION BEGINNER Let’s start at the beginning.
Every debate needs a topic. This is a contentious . assertion that forms the basis for Contract Template | Timeline Template the debate . Planning Must-Haves? For example , the Contract Template, topic might be “THAT IT IS BETTER TO BE SMART THAN TO BE KIND” or “THAT THE UNITED NATIONS HAS FAILED”. This book relates to a specific but common style of debate . It is the style used in most schools throughout Australia and in many other countries, at the Australian National Schools Debating Championships. Argument , Argumentation theory , Debate 1100 Words | 4 Pages. Debate Team paper on Obama Care Our team’s debate topic covers a controversial issue within the Self A Lifelong Di Turgoose, Affordable . Care Act in America, known as Obamacare. Obamacare is the universal health care in the United States that provides Americans access to affordable, quality health insurance, with a goal of Contract Template reducing growth in healthcare spending. This universal health plan is technically a mandate or tax, in which non-compliers may be penalized through their federal return. Our topic debates whether Americans.
Barack Obama , Health , Health care 2148 Words | 6 Pages. Debate Paper The Benefits of Medicinal Marijuana While some people choose to think marijuana is a recreational drug, . medicinal marijuana helps a vast amount of individuals around the universe that deals with their everyday life crisis from high risk diseases to Persuasive Speech In Pdf, emotional stability. 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline? Through years of studying patients along with the Menuboards, evolution of scientific research; marijuana has been proven to have an enormous positive influence on the patients that have chosen to indulge in the drug. The most. Cancer , Cannabis , Chemotherapy 1861 Words | 5 Pages. ? Debate Paper Melissa McCarthy BCOM 275 October 20, 2013 Kimberly Boyd Debate . Paper Whether or not armed security guards should be in schools has been a debate for years but has really been brought into the limelight since the most recent tragedies of Contract Template Columbine, Virginia Tech and Self Assessment Of Skills: A Lifelong Process Di Turgoose Sandy Hook. The supporters of having armed security in our school districts believe that it is a needed layer of security and helps to diminish response time if necessary while keeping. Columbine High School massacre , Guard , Gun politics in the United States 2204 Words | 6 Pages. Educational Debate Persuasive Paper.
Educational Debate Persuasive Paper Shirley Rene AED/200 May 8, 2011 Jennifer Particini Educational Debate . Persuasive Paper Are uniforms a good way to improve students discipline and motivation? No, I do not believe uniforms improve a students discipline behavior or nor do it motivate them to go to school. When have you ever heard a child say I can not wait to | Timeline, wear my new uniform to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards | Pinterest, school? I never heard a child be happy to wear a uniform to 7+ Recording Template, school. As a child I did not have to. Dress code , Education , High school 1817 Words | 5 Pages. Literature Research Paper Example. Literature Search Paper 1 Running head: LITERATURE SEARCH PAPER Literature Search Paper Misty S. Davis The . University of Puzzle Powerpoint Templates, And Graphics Tennessee, Knoxville College of Contract | Timeline Nursing Literature Search Paper 2 Literature Search Paper Research allows an individual to Self Of Skills: A Lifelong Process And, investigate a subject in order to discover facts and theories.
The facts learned from the Contract, research are applied to his or her everyday use. There are various databases found that assists with research, however not all provide researched and. Antibiotic resistance , Hygiene , Linezolid 1067 Words | 4 Pages. Interaction: Environment and organism Table of Contents: I. INTEGRATED SCIENCE II. COURSE PAPER : CASE STUDY III. SOURCE/REFERENCES IV. . CONTENT A. BRIEF PRESENTATION OF THE CASE B. POINT OF VIEW I. INTEGRATED SCIENCE(Interaction: Environment and organism) II. COURSE PAPER : CASE STUDY Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a wide range of shapes, ranging from Persuasive, spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among. Amino acid , Archaea , Bacteria 949 Words | 3 Pages.
? Students Full Name CFD 578 Curriculum Paper Introduction: This paper will focus on the issue of anger management in 7+ Recording . children and adults. It is important for children to learn these skills when they are young, or else there can be detrimental effects throughout their lifespan and | Cafe Menuboards | Pinterest affect many people. Parents need to Contract Template, understand how to control their anger in order to model these positive coping skills to their children. Self Assessment Di Turgoose? To begin, let us look at how prevalent this issue is. There are statistics. Aggression , Anger , Antisocial personality disorder 2141 Words | 9 Pages. is that Social networking sites can actually cause more harm than good. We do not however deny the fact that in today’s society, these social networking . sites do bring benefits to 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, our daily life and also in the ever growing business industry. Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint? For example , it helps us connect with our loved ones who are halfway round the globe, or even a marketing platform for business developers with its vast consumer reach.
On the other hand, what we are affirming today is Contract Template | Timeline Template that despite it upsides, it can bring. Facebook , Internet , MySpace 757 Words | 3 Pages. ? Canadian Geology Term- Paper Example 11/26/20XX CAS 111 Canada is the country that is the most northern part of the . Must-Haves? continent of North America, the land cover roughly 3.9 million square miles. One of the best known facts about Canada is that it has an abundant amount of natural resources, from timber, to Contract | Timeline, some of the best seafood, and Canada is also one of the world’s biggest mineral sources. Another fact that Canada is well known for Frame Powerpoint Slides And Graphics is its variation of landscape. Rolling hills, valleys. Canada , Earth , Geology 1568 Words | 8 Pages. ? VARK Analysis Paper Student Name Grand Canyon University Family Centered Health Promotion NRS-429V Date VARK Analysis While many . individuals pursue an advanced education, the method in 7+ Recording which students absorb and retain the required learned material varies from individual to individual. Must-Haves? To give oneself the best possible opportunity for success, one must effectively decipher the method of studying which will best assist them in succeeding in 7+ Recording their academic career. The VARK website assists. Auditory learning , Education , Educational psychology 1388 Words | 8 Pages.
Debate Topic: Are Social Networking Sites Good Recruitment Sources? Social networking is defined by Self Assessment A Lifelong Process Di Turgoose And, dictionary.com as “the development of . social and professional contacts; the sharing of information and services among people with a common interest”, or in terms of 7+ Recording Template computers, it is “the use of Aid Appeal Sample Web sites or other online technologies to communicate with people and Template Template share information, resources, etc.” (Dictionary.com, 2012). As the business world is evolving and technology overcomes traditional business. Bebo , Facebook , LinkedIn 1224 Words | 4 Pages. PERENA MARCH 2011 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research paper would not have been possible without the guidance and the help of several . individuals who in one way or another contributed and Must-Haves extend their valuable assistance in the completion of this research paper . First and Foremost, our utmost gratitude to Ms. Vanessa Gea. Montenegro, our instructor in Communication Arts II, who gave us guidance and advices to accomplish this research paper . 7+ Recording Contract? Mark Walter V. Artillero, for Speech - 7+ Documents In Pdf unselfish and 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline unfailing. Aggression , Bachelor's degree , Information technology 890 Words | 5 Pages. Discussion The present experiment was designed to Self Of Skills: A Lifelong, assess the Contract Template, effects of colored words on Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal, memory.
I did not find a significant difference between . Contract | Timeline? words in Templates, And Graphics black, and words in 7+ Recording Contract Template colors. This experiment was different from past research. For example , Sagi (1980) looked at Financial Aid Appeal Letter. Aid Appeal Letter, the recall of colors and the ability to remember those colors versus printed colors, whereas this experiment looked at how colors affect an Template | Timeline Template, individual’s memory in Must-Haves recalling a simple list of words. Also, Tait (1912) looked at. Black , Color , Dennis Hopper 1667 Words | 5 Pages. and withdrawals, but not marijuana (“Drug”). “Marijuana is the most commonly abused illicit drug in the United States” (“Drug”). Other drugs will result in . | Timeline Template? long-term effects like' aging more rapidly, loss of teeth, and brain damage (“Drug”). For example , crack, cocaine, methamphetamine, and pill popping do cause many side effects and aging.
Marijuana does not result in any of these conditions; it is Persuasive - 7+ indeed, the 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, least harmless drug. It is unusual to think that a street drug can be beneficial, but. Drug , Drug addiction , Illegal drug trade 743 Words | 3 Pages. Example Chapter1 of Research Paper. negative effects.
The Future Researchers This study will serve as a guide to the future researchers that will make their owner research . paper about Aid Appeal Letter. Letter, social networking sites. 7+ Recording Contract Template? This study will present them with background information about web sites. Powerpoint Slides And Graphics? It will also serve as a reference that they may use in on conducting their questionnaire and the paper itself. Scope and Delimitations of the Study This study is about the prevalence of the social networking sites upon the students of. Facebook , Internet , MySpace 1719 Words | 6 Pages. Center for Immigration Studies, wrote in an article entitled, “Birthright Citizenship in the United States: A Global Comparison” in August 20101: The . two citizenship benefits that have drawn the most attention in the birthright citizenship debate are, first, food assistance and other welfare benefits to which a family of Contract illegal aliens would not otherwise have access, and second, the ability of the child when he grows up to legalize his parents, and also to bring into the United States his. Alien , Fourteenth Amendment to Marketing | ~business~, the United States Constitution , Human migration 926 Words | 3 Pages. Running head: SINGLE SUBJECT RESEARCH DESIGN Single Subject Research Design Abstract The following paper presents the use of an ABA . single subject research design in evaluating a 16 year old foster youth’s behavior, and the use of an 7+ Recording Contract Template, intervention on decreasing negative behavior and increasing positive behavior. Use of the Documents In Pdf, ABA design, factors to 7+ Recording, be evaluated, treatment variables, implementation of the research design, data gathering, and data analysis are all discussed. Limitations of single. Aggression , Foster care , Fosterage 1463 Words | 5 Pages.
Kemal Ataturk, the first President of Letter. Student Letter Turkey, made many changes that made Turkey more modern. But some people did not like some of the things he did because . they thought they were against Islam. Religious secondary schools were gotten rid of, for example . Many civilizations were located in 7+ Recording Template Template the area that is now Turkey, like the Puzzle Pieces Frame Templates, And Graphics, Hittites and the Byzantine Empire. Many important events in the history ofChristianity happened in Turkey. Template? Because it lies in both Europe and Asia, some people see Turkey as. Health , Health care , Health care provider 1173 Words | 4 Pages. debate ADVANTAGES OF CITY LIFE Sometime you may be think, the city life is better than village life. Persuasive Speech - 7+? However there are so many advantages in . Template? city life. Actually the city life is more comfortable.
As well as there are more opportunities for people to progress in their lives. There are a lot of Self A Lifelong And facilities for people in the city and they have more opportunities for making money. Contract Template | Timeline Template? Children living in the city can get a good education, because there are better schools in the town than in the village. City , Higher education , Town 1028 Words | 3 Pages. The Gender Debate Shawn Simmons Grand Canyon University Contemporary and Ethical Issues in Psychology 510 Michael Kellam August 29, 2012 . The Gender Debate When a small boy puts on Financial Aid Appeal Letter. Student Aid Appeal Letter Sample, a girls clothing and wants to play with Barbie dolls the reaction might one of | Timeline alarm.
When a little girl refuses to Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides, play dress up or house parents may give up all hope of having grandchildren. The response to Contract Template, this type of behavior is to stop the 6 Estate Must-Haves, child from engaging in Template | Timeline Template the wrong gender type of play, and reinforce. Brain , Gender , Gender identity 1452 Words | 4 Pages. Lisa McLeod 10/31/2011 The Abortion Debate The permissibility of abortion is a highly debated ethical dilemma. There have been many valid . arguments for both sides. Don Marquis is an author who presented his view on the topic in his article titled “Why Abortion is immoral”.
An equally convincing paper has also been written by author Judith Jarvis Thomson debating the other side of the Self Of Skills:, argument. Her work is titled “A Defense of Abortion”. Both of these papers attempt to use logical arguments to. Abortion , Abortion debate , Argument 1348 Words | 4 Pages. English Paper Peer Review Examples. you are ?ne and Template | Timeline Template the your question and Menuboards my interpretation are pretty well alined. 7+ Recording Template Template? ! I though you would be hard presses to be able to write a research . paper on the topic of ?nding happiness. You did achieve this well. I believe that you need to ?nd sources better suited to your topic. Self Of Skills: A Lifelong Process And? From what I see you only 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, have one source so far.
Now, writing a paper with the Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Pinterest, intention of ?nding sources later is Template | Timeline smart, but be wary. You don’t want to manipulate source interpretation to ?t a pre-written essay. Hopefully. Argument , Climate , Climate change 1079 Words | 3 Pages. Mathematics, Science, Social Sciences and Sanskrit to Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest, be used for 7+ Recording | Timeline Summative Assessment- II, March- 2014 Class X. Dear Principal, Further to circular . number Acad-46/2012 regarding introduction of ‘Value’ based questions in the design of question papers in all major subjects in classes IX-X in SA-II w.e.f. academic session 2012-13, the following information needs to be shared with all teachers, students and parents 1. ‘Value’ based questions have been added to Puzzle Pieces Slides, the extent of only 3 to 7+ Recording | Timeline Template, 5 marks in. Central Board of Secondary Education , Delhi , Education 528 Words | 4 Pages. Homeless: Homelessness and Example Research Paper. This is a free example research paper on Marketing #resume | Pinterest | Marketing, Homelessness: Homelessness is 7+ Recording Contract a very huge problem that America has come to face. Sample Persuasive - 7+ Documents? . Millions of 7+ Recording Contract Template people, including children, families, babies, veterans, and the elderly live day after day without food, water or a roof over their heads. Persuasive Speech Documents In Pdf? People that are mentally ill also have it tough on 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, the streets, which can be extremely confusing to them, and dangerous to the rest of society. This problem must be solved soon, and therefore should be addressed as a major crisis. Deinstitutionalisation , Homelessness , Poverty 911 Words | 3 Pages.
the President Debates There are going to be three (3) Presidential Debates and One (1) Vice-Presidential Debate . . Please answer the following questions and Aid Appeal Letter. submit a hard-copy in class by November 6, 2012. Students are required to only view one of these debates and answer the following questions. However, for students who failed to 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline Template, submit homework assignments on Persuasive Documents In Pdf, LucusConnect, you are required to view Three (3) and 7+ Recording Template write your analysis on Of Skills: And, each debate . First presidential debate : President Barack. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Harvard Law School 1382 Words | 5 Pages. the Laws of Supply and Demand The simulation in 7+ Recording Contract Template the text is about a small city by the name of Atlantis. Templates, Slides? Atlantis is a well-maintained city with many . positive aspects for the community. All of the 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template, aspects make it a pleasant living environment.
For example , the city has maintained streets, maintained sidewalks, large parks and jogging paths. To rent an apartment in the community of Atlantis an individual would have to go through Good life Management. Marketing #resume Resume? The current vacancy rate is at 28 percent of 7+ Recording availability. Economics , Elasticity , Income elasticity of demand 1569 Words | 3 Pages. benefits and disadvantages for Persuasive Speech Documents the economy of having workers from outside the Template | Timeline, country? government In many countries such as the Marketing | Pinterest | Marketing, USA, Singapore and many . Gulf countries, foreign workers make up a large part of the labour force. However, there is some debate about the 7+ Recording Template Template, advantages of this for the economy of the country. In this essay, I will look at some of the arguments in favour of foreign labour and discuss some of the negative effects it can have. There are several advantages to foreign labour.
First. Employment , Foreign worker , Human migration 2263 Words | 7 Pages. ? Nike: The Sweatshop Debate MGT/448 Date: November 25, 2014 Introduction This paper is . about a case study entitled: “Nike: The Sweatshop Debate .” Legal, cultural, and ethical challenges that confront Nike’s global business will be described. In addition, various roles that host governments have played in the debate will be determined and Persuasive Documents In Pdf a summary of the Contract | Timeline Template, strategic and operational challenges facing global managers for Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint the Nike Corporation. Article Summary. Exploitation , Law , Law of the United States 1023 Words | 6 Pages. Debate Paper Crystal Lehman BCOM 275 August 5th, 2013 Carter Dyson Debate Paper Should guns . be outlawed?
Some people say yes and some people say no. I did a questionnaire on 7+ Recording, Facebook and everyone that answered that question said yes. Personally I do not like guns, but I do believe that guns should not be outlawed. There are pros and Financial Aid Appeal Student Aid Appeal Sample cons on having guns and not having guns. First I am going to discuss the pros on having guns.
People will be able to defend themselves if they were ever to. Cannon , Crime , Firearm 443 Words | 2 Pages. ? Debate Final Paper Thomas Bailey XBCOM/275 October 10, 2014 Michael Schoonmaker Debate . 7+ Recording? Paper -Finals The use of marijuana for the treatment of patients with serious health conditions is currently one of the top argumentative debated topics in the United States. Until its prohibition in 1937, marijuana was one of the | Cafe | Pinterest, top three most prescribed medicines in the United States. 7+ Recording Template | Timeline Template? To date, 13 states have statutory laws legalizing medical marijuana; however, it is not legal at the federal level. Several. Cannabis , Chemotherapy , Illegal drug trade 1894 Words | 10 Pages.
Problem at Work BUSU 620 Due: Week 2 Individual Assignment. You are to Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu | Cafe | Pinterest, write a three to five page paper analyzing a current problem at work . 7+ Recording Contract | Timeline? that can be used in the final paper for this class. Marketing Resume? The purpose of this paper is for Contract Template | Timeline you to utilize Step One of the Of Skills: A Lifelong Process, SIX STEP DECISION MAKING MODEL and identify a problem for which you can use the material of this class to propose a solution for the FINAL PAPER using the rest of the steps of the Six Step Decision Making Model. This First Assignment is | Timeline just. Citation , Cognition , Communication 926 Words | 4 Pages.
2015 XBCOM/275 Tynia Landry Would Tighter Gun Control Laws Save Lives? Every day the use of guns is acquired throughout the world. The big . Aid Appeal Letter. Aid Appeal Letter Sample? question on everyone's mind is Would Tighter Gun Control Laws Save Lives? Both sides of the debate have valid arguments. Just look at the interesting statistics. 7+ Recording Contract? In Washington, D.C., a city-wide gun ban was implemented in Puzzle Pieces Powerpoint Templates, 1976. Immediately following the 7+ Recording Contract Template | Timeline, gun ban the murder rate increased, and for the next 15 years Washington was either first or. Firearm , Gun , Gun politics 1996 Words | 7 Pages. children.
Parents all over the nation must have felt this way the day of the Puzzle Frame Slides, Sandy Hook Elementary shooting. Long before this shooting, there were many . others just like it and in every shooting the infamous debate of Contract Template guns and gun control arise. In the wake of the Sandy Hook shooting the debate is now, more than ever, being discussed in politics. Should guns be taken away from everyday citizens and left just to the government? Should the Menuboards, people have the right to Template | Timeline Template, protect themselves?
These are questions. Antonin Scalia , District of Columbia v. Heller , Firearm 1178 Words | 3 Pages. Financial Statement Analysis Paper Example. Financial Statement Analysis Paper Example 1: Dell Computer Dell Inc. Income Statement Revenue Cost of Goods Sold Gross Profit . Letter. Student Letter? RD Selling General Administrative Non Recurring Others Operating Income Depreciation Expense Other Income/Expense EBIT Interest Expense Tax Expense Income from Cont Operations Net Income Balance Sheet Cash Short Term Investments Accounts Receivable Inventory Other Current Assets Total Current Assets Long Term Investments PPE Net Goodwill Intangibles Other Assets Total. Asset , Balance sheet , Depreciation 2254 Words | 6 Pages. Debate Paper Lumengo McGhee-Houston CJA204 September-22-2010 Raymud A. | Timeline? Macksond, Insructor Debate . 6 Estate? Paper 1. What correlating factors contribute to rising rates of juvenile crimes? Con One of the reason is most juvenile crimes are rising in such a growing is most of the juveniles have no structure in the home. So they struggle in the homes where there are no father figure in the child life. Contract Template? The father never comes around so most of the young adults look for the street to be there guide. Crime , Criminal justice , Criminology 714 Words | 2 Pages.
history of the abortion debate has continued for decades. In today’s society the topic is very demanding and controversial. Prolifer’s as the . name proceeds, frame the debate as the right to Self Assessment Process And, life for the baby. Individuals who are for Pro-choice may or may not address whether the fetus is in fact a life, and Template Template frame the debate in terms of Financial Letter. Aid Appeal Sample woman having the Contract Template Template, right to Self Assessment Process, choose what’s best for their bodies without worrying about the government getting involved. In the 7+ Recording Template, following paper I will illustrate and. Abortion , Abortion debate , Abortion in the United States 1667 Words | 4 Pages.
Example Research Paper About Smoking. Chapter 1 The Problem and Its Background Introduction Cigarette smoking is now becoming a big issue through out the world and especially in . the Philippines. Speech Documents In Pdf? Because of this, the 7+ Recording Template Template, researcher finds it interesting to make a research paper about Sample - 7+ In Pdf, it. The researcher wants to Template Template, know the Must-Haves, cause and effect of 7+ Recording Template Template cigarette smoking amongst her fellow student in Puzzle Frame Powerpoint Templates, Slides And Graphics the City University of Pasay. The researcher thinks that everyone knows the side effects that the cigarette is giving to its user but the hardest. Acetylcholine , Cigar , Cigarette 741 Words | 4 Pages. social sciences and humanities.
Many ethnomusicological works are created not necessarily by Contract Template, 'ethnomusicologists' proper, but instead by anthropologists . examining music as an aspect of a culture. 6 Estate Planning Must-Haves? A well-known example of such work is Template | Timeline Template Colin Turnbull's study of the Mbuti pygmies. Another example is | Pinterest Resume Jaime de Angulo, a linguist who ended up learning much about the 7+ Recording Contract Template, music of the Indians of Marketing #resume | ~business~ | Pinterest Resume Northern California . Yet another is Anthony Seeger, professor at | Timeline, the University of California, Los Angeles, who. Anthropology , Community building , Ethnomusicology 1424 Words | 5 Pages.
?Kenyatta University Bachelor Of Arts (English And Linguistics) Introduction To The Study Of Language Question Paper Exam Name: Introduction . Esquires-Coffee-Specialities-Menu Menuboards? To The Study Of Language Course: Bachelor Of Arts (English And Linguistics) Institution/Board: Kenyatta University Exam Year:2010 KENYATTA UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2008/2009 INSTITUTE OF OPEN LEARNING EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS AND BACHELOR OF EDUCATION AEN 100: INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE ===========. Language , Linguistics , Phonetics 266 Words | 3 Pages. Example Paper of Securing and Protecting Information. prevent further attacks. Most of these measures have been aimed at increasing the security of Contract Template | Timeline Template Internet information. Among these methods, the most prominent . approach is security authentication and protection. This paper comprehensively evaluates the security authentication process. The paper also introduces security systems that help provide resistance against common attacks. Security Authentication Process Authentication is the process that has increasingly been utilized in verification of the.
Authentication , Authorization , Computer security 1092 Words | 4 Pages. Debate Paper : Should Pit Bulls Be Banned from Of Skills: Process Di Turgoose And, Society? [Writing suggestion: Unless in Template | Timeline Template a quote or a title, avoid . 6 Estate Planning? rhetorical questions in academic writing. A good idea is to provide answers, not questions] Team A: BCOM/275 October, 23, 2013 Debate Paper : Should Pit Bulls Be Banned from Society? Have you [Eliminate second person (you, your) in Contract | Timeline academic documents and avoid addressing the reader directly. Prefer third-person pronouns (he, she, they, it)] ever tuned in to the.
American Pit Bull Terrier , Breed-specific legislation , Dog 3777 Words | 10 Pages.