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Restoring the whole system from & Chemistry Powerpoint Presentation Template Design, Time Machine is great, but what if you want to restore just an email folder? Apple Mail makes it very difficult to find all the pieces you want. Or what if you suspect a single app’s preferences have been corrupted? I’ve had situations where I had to restore something from. /Library, but it’s hard to Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free comprehend that folder’s structure.
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SuperDuper can do a smart copy which just replaces the Technician Count Sheet, changed files. Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free. Which should get me back to the last backup. SuperDuper and Carbon Copy Cloner are great apps, for a true clone backup of an Free Bill | Word, entire system and OS X they are superior but obviously a bit more for advanced users. Tables Ideas On Pinterest | Free. Use them anytime I upgrade a hard drive, works great and very smart. How to Insurance restore from a Time Machine backup? I’ve had to try and use it three times in Best Tables Worksheets Ideas the past, and I’m batting zero for a successful restore.
There is Louisiana Boat Bill Of Sale, always a problem with files for 25+ Times Only On Pinterest | Free, some reason. Especially larger files (over 1 gig). Backups made to reliable hardware using 10.7, 10.8, and Designer Format And Resume, 10.9 all failed for 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only, me when I needed them. I have not tried with 10.10, and I won’t. Science & Chemistry Powerpoint Template. I can’t leave my Parallels VM’s to chance. I second this , I have done several full restores from TM from pass experiences and not once did it complete, it was a total failure, for a minor restores like folders or apps, restore not a problem. Completely agree – have the same sad experience here. Time Machine is not a finished solid product.
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If you’re restoring your system because of Best 25+ Times Worksheets | Free, a problem with your startup disk, repair or replace the disk before following these instructions. Make sure your Time Machine backup disk is connected and turned on. If your disk is on a network, make sure your Mac is on the same network. Choose Apple menu Restart. Pre-Entry Progress Report Report Template. After your Mac restarts and Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only, you hear the startup chime, hold down the Powerpoint Presentation Design, Command (?) and R keys. When the Apple logo appears, you can release the keys.
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Can the time machine also take you back to a point in time you were at on a website. Pre-Entry Progress Report Template. Specifically, I was on my Facebook homepage and saw two post of the same note I had written. Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only On Pinterest | Free. It was a very valuable piece of writing. I would like to restore my computer back to that point in time so I can back it up and not have it deleted. Impossible? Hi, I just had a startup disk failure and Free Boat Bill Of Sale Form | Pdf (.doc), disk utility wouldn’t repair it. I now try to restore the Tables Ideas | Free, whole disk with a time mashine back up. It says it takes 40 h and I can’t stop it ( stop button is gray). Is that normal? 40 hours? I erased my hard drive and went to install all the data from time machine but it says there is not enough space on Industry, my Mac book pro 25+ Times Worksheets, dared drive to Fashion Designer Resume Format | Resume And Resume perform the operation!!
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Any idea why? If I go back and reboot with the earliest date, how do can I go about Self Analysis, setting up the computer as it was before the crash. This website is unrelated to Apple Inc. All trademarks and copyrights on this website are property of Best 25+ Times Worksheets | Free, their respective owners. 2017 OS X Daily.
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8 Simple Business Plan Templates for Entrepreneurs. Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only | Free. Writing a business plan is an important step in the startup process. It helps you and your partners decide if you will work well together, teaches you about the marketplace, and lets you brainstorm business and product goals. But because of all the Fashion Designer Format | Resume Maker effort and Best Tables Ideas On Pinterest | Free detail involved, many entrepreneurs dread the thought of sitting down and creating this critical but time-consuming document. While business plans can be frustrating if you#39;re writing one from scratch, there are plenty of online templates available to take some of the Office Of America Services Portfolio pain out of the process.
Small business owners can benefit from simple, easy-to-follow business-plan tools so they can spend less time writing and more time launching. Here are eight resources you can use to Tables Worksheets On Pinterest, help you craft a professional business plan quickly and easily. You#39;ve heard about those entrepreneurs who started off by jotting down their ideas on a napkin at a bar, café or restaurant. $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan is a little like that, but more organized. Designed for entrepreneurs who are itching to get started, this simple business-plan template asks a handful of questions that you can easily answer in one or two sentences. It covers everything from what you sell and who will buy it to how you will get paid, hustle to find customers, foresee challenges and overcome the Insurance Office - Construction Services Portfolio obstacles all in a single page. [Writing a Business Plan?
Do These 5 Things First] Not all small businesses are concerned with credit lines, partnerships and office space at least not in the beginning. So why should their initial business plans include these things? Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan doesn#39;t. Instead, it offers a business-plan template fit for the real would-be entrepreneur#39;s world. 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas. Whereas most business-plan templates assume all businesses are uniform, Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan was created to get to what entrepreneurs really need to know to start a business: the ins and outs of the product or service, how customers will find the business and how the business will make money.
Simply copy and paste the template of the Remarkably Simple Business Plan, created by Sonia Simone, co-founder and chief content officer of Louisiana Boat Bill | Pdf (.doc) Copyblogger Media, and you#39;re good to go. 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only | Free. Founded in 2011, Enloop is regarded as an innovative player in the business-plan-creation industry. Like many others, the service uses an online interface to help automate your business plan#39;s creation. To get started, users enter basic information about their businesses, including product details. Then, Enloop#39;s software uses metrics to help predict the Office Of America - Construction Industry Portfolio financial performance of the company in Tables Worksheets | Free comparison with others in Pre-Entry Progress Report - A Report Template the sector. According to CEO Cynthia McCahon, the goal of the company is to Best Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, help entrepreneurs make better-informed decisions. Users can get started on Self Analysis Enloop for free; more advanced paid options are also available. LivePlan is a relatively new entrant to the online business-tools market that helps you every step of the way, from the planning stages through your launch. Best 25+ Times Tables Only | Free. Like other services, LivePlan allows business owners to craft perfectly formatted plans. From there, users can create the presentation necessary to pitch their business ideas to would-be investors. Once off the Technician Sheet ground, businesses can track revenue and expenses against forecasts, and 25+ Times Ideas Only | Free multiple users within a company can work through the LivePlan interface.
Pricing starts at less than $12 a month. The One Page Business Plan Company. Created by The One Page Business Plan Company, this simple business template covers only the key areas entrepreneurs need to & Chemistry Powerpoint Template Design, address to start a business: their vision for the company, mission for why the On Pinterest | Free business exists, objectives for Self Analysis, setting out goals, strategies to make the Best 25+ Times Worksheets business successful and action plans indicating what work needs to be done. Unlike complicated business plans, boring blocks of text are not required bullet points will do. Are you the visual type? Look no further than Angela Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan. Based on the principles of the & Chemistry Powerpoint Business Generation Model Strategyzer app, Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan uses sticky notes to Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest | Free, help you creatively craft an out-of-the-box business plan. To create a One-Page Visual Business Plan, start by Insurance Of America - Construction Industry Portfolio separating a single page into different sections or columns, such as company information and customer segments. Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas On Pinterest. Write down your ideas or responses on a sticky note, and Fashion | Resume Format Maker then stick it on the corresponding section. You can also color-code the sticky notes for better organization.
Then, if your plans change, you can easily remove a note, move it around or add new ones to better fit the direction in which your business is headed. 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest. SBA Build Your Business Plan Tool. The fact that the Of America Industry Services Portfolio U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has an On Pinterest, online tool to help users craft business plans will come as no surprise to anyone who has investigated the SBA#39;s offerings before. The agency has a wealth of free planning, financing and Insurance Office Industry consulting tools and resources, both online and through available consultants. The SBA#39;s online tool for business-plan creation allows a user to 25+ Times Worksheets | Free, enter information on a Web interface that is tied to Count, that user#39;s account. The administration says this is intended to be a live plan that can be referred to and changed as the company#39;s plans progress. The SBA encourages entrepreneurs to use their generated plans to discuss their company#39;s prospects with SBA advisers like those available through SCORE and the Small Business Development Center. Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free. The SBA#39;s tool is available online at no cost.
Greg Go, co-founder of online finance community Wise Bread, is a big believer that entrepreneurs who are just starting out don#39;t need lengthy business plans. Science & Chemistry Template. What they actually need, he said, is an internal working plan to get started. The internal working plan consists of four simple questions that make up the simple business plan: What is your product or service? Who are your customers? When will things get done? When are bills due, and when do you get paid? To guide entrepreneurs in completing their four-question business plan, Go provides a simplified way of 25+ Times Tables Ideas | Free answering each question in his blog post on the subject. & Chemistry. Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for Best Worksheets Ideas Only, information to help you with writing a complete business plan, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from Science & Chemistry Powerpoint Presentation Template a variety of vendors for free. Updated on Best 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest May 1, 2015.
Additional reporting by Self Analysis Business News Daily staff writer Sara Angeles.
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English 245: Film Form and Tables Ideas, Culture. Christopher Nolan is an American/British film-maker, who lives and works in & Chemistry Presentation London and Los Angeles. 25+ Times Worksheets Only. He first started making films (on Super8) when still a child. He studied English literature at Presentation Design University College, London, which he chose specifically because they had the facilities to make films. His debut feature was Following (1998), a neo-noir thriller. He has made some of the highest grossing films of all time, such as The Dark Knight , the second film in his Batman “reboot” series, which grossed over a billion dollars at the box office. Filmography (as director): All of Nolan’s films have been critically acclaimed. His films have been nominated for Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free 21 Academy Awards. Self Analysis. This is astounding given the short period of time he has been making films. Particularly notable are the eight Oscar nominations each for The Dark Knight and Inception . His films have won 6 Academy Awards, most for sound and visual editing.
His films have also been nominated for 21 BAFTA awards (winning 6). His films have won many other international film awards. Nolan has never won an Oscar for Best Director. Best Tables Only On Pinterest. In fact, he has not ever been nominated, not even for The Dark Knight and Inception , which were both nominated in the Best Picture category. Some consider this a historic snub. Typically, Nolan writes and directs his films (his brother Jonathan has co-written some of the films). He also often produces his films as well (his wife Emma Thomas has produced the films he hasn’t produced). Having creative control of his films makes him an auteur. However, this is complicated by the fact that, since Memento , he has created his films under the auspices of Report For Pre-Entry, Warner Brothers, which is (still) a major Hollywood movie studio. The easiest explanation for this is that he has proven himself at the box-office, and on the international award circuit, and can command any kind of budget he likes, including the Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, huge budgets attached to Hollywood studio films. Inception was a summer blockbuster from the summer of 2010.
Critics acknowledge that it was an atypical summer fare; some have called Inception a “thinking person’s blockbuster.” Richard Corliss writes that “the picture’s main pull is not visceral but intellectual, in the style of Euro puzzle films of the Free Boat Bill Of Sale | Pdf | Word, past 50 years . 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only | Free. . . Fashion | Resume Format Maker. but as Nolan told The New York Times , with ‘way more explosions.'” The film made over $800 million at the box office and, as already mentioned, was nominated for Best 25+ Times On Pinterest eight Academy Awards, winning four. Even before the film came out it was the subject of intense speculation and debate. This is true of its “after-life” as well. Even now, a few short years after it was released, people enjoy discussing the film and what it means – particularly the Self Analysis, ending of the film. The film is Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas | Free, set in the near future when new techniques and drugs allow people to share dreams. Dom Cobb is a former dream architect who now uses his expertise in shared dreaming to engage in industrial espionage, stealing business secrets from people while they are sleeping.
This is called “extraction.” He is also on the run after being charged with murdering his wife. After a failed attempt at extraction, Cobb is offered a job by a man named Saito to do the impossible: implant an idea in the mind of a competitor (Fischer), a process called “inception.” The idea is that he should break up the energy conglomerate that he inherited from his father. Cobb puts together a crack team of operatives for the job, including a dream architect named Ariadne. After entering his mind in 5+ Pharmacy | Inventory Count a dream state, Ariadne learns that Cobb is haunted by the memory of his dead wife, who manages to Best 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest, foil every job that he designs himself. That’s why Ariadne must design the dream, and Cobb can’t know the details. In order to fool the Format | Resume, host dreamer, Ariadne must design an incredibly intricate dream world with multiple layers. For the Fischer job, she must create a dream world with three layers – each a complex, self-contained world. The three layers are in fact a dream within a dream within a dream. The main danger in dream architecture is Tables Ideas Only, that if it seems too real, the dreamer may confuse the dream for reality. We learn that, in his past, Cobb has experienced this catastrophic confusion. His technique for countering this is to use a totem, an object that follows the laws of physics in the real world, but not in the dream.
His totem is a spinning top. In the film, however, it is suggested that this is not a fool-proof method. It is possible Cobb is only dreaming that his totem is behaving as it should in reality. The film poses philosophical conundrums such as: How do we distinguish between reality and Self Analysis, fantasy (ontology)? How do we distinguish between objective and subjective truth (epistemology)? How do we distinguish between the self and the world (that is, other selves)?
Mark Fisher notes that in Best 25+ Times Ideas the film “there’s a shift from the Bill | Pdf | Word, epistemological problems posed by unreliable narrators to 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only, a more general ontological indeterminacy, in which the nature of the Insurance Of America - Construction Industry Services, whole fictional world is put into doubt.” He adds: “In Nolan’s world, it’s not only that we deceive ourselves; it’s also that we’re deceived about even having an authentic self. There’s no separating identity from fiction.” These issues are at the core of postmodern philosophy, which I discussed in a previous blog entry. There are also many issues relating to psychology that are addressed in the film, such as the importance of 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest, dreams in understanding the unconscious mind and the way unconscious ideas shape the Science Powerpoint Template, formation of the Tables Worksheets Only | Free, person. This is what “inception” is & Chemistry Powerpoint Presentation Template, about: planting ideas in the unconscious mind which lead to a personal re-orientation, a re-programming, a new person. In the Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only On Pinterest, film, both Cobb and Fischer have this experience: the action within the dream becomes a kind of psychotherapy. Leon Saunders Calvert makes the observation that “for a filmmaker within the Hollywood system, Christopher Nolan is unusually pre-occupied with psychological human states to the degree that they often act as primary theme of his films.” He suggests that psychology is usually the preoccupation of auteurs, not Hollywood directors. Calvert has analyzed the film from an psychological (or more specifically psychoanalytical) perspective, based on ideas of Sigmund Freud, such as: The rebellious unconscious: “The unconscious mind of the individual is a mass of contradictions and by definition remains uncontrolled and unordered.” The unconscious reveals itself in dreams: “Psychoanalytic theory argues that during sleep the barrier weakens and the unconscious bubbles out, albeit often in Fashion Designer Resume Maker disguised form.” Oedipal/Electra conflicts: “Another foundation of Best Tables Only | Free, psychoanalytic thought is the overwhelming significance of the child’s relationship with its parents.” The unconscious and the social self: “The unconscious self has a huge impact on how we interact with the world and with others.” The seductive power of fantasy: “Psychoanalytic theory has also provided us with important insights into human fantasies. . . . The psychological pull of the fantasy is Form | Word, all the 25+ Times Tables Ideas On Pinterest, greater when we perceive it as simple reality.”
Some critics make the case that Inception deals not just with psychology, but with religion. There are a number of ways the film can be read as a religious story. Throughout the film, characters are urged to take the leap of faith. They must abandon their skepticism and believe in a reality that transcends their conscious mind and reality itself. This is a religious impulse and imperative. The themes of guilt and redemption are also important in the film, and these too are deeply religious. In the film, the journey to limbo (unconstructed dream space) suggests a perilous journey to underworld, where demons are confronted. This is the central theme of quite a few religious texts, including Dante’s Inferno and Self Analysis, The Tibetan Book of the Dead, to name just two classic world religious texts. Many critics of the film have pointed out the similarity between dreams and the experience of 25+ Times On Pinterest, viewing films. According to Self Analysis, Corliss, this is nothing new: “The idea of movie-going as communal dreaming is a century old.”
Colin McGinn argues that. movies delve into our dreaming self, that submerged and Best Worksheets On Pinterest, seething alter ego that emerges when the sun goes down. In the cinema we relive the life of the dreaming self. Insurance Of America Portfolio. Movies thus tap into the dreaming aspect of human nature. Moreover, they improve upon our dream life. They give us the dreams we yearn for. It is a rare individual who is not fascinated by his own dreams, with their raw ability to reveal, their magical expressiveness; movies partake of this fascination. The impact of movies stems, then, at least in part, from the primal power of the dream.
To be sure, the dream component of the movie experience is Best Only | Free, augmented by the special qualities of the medium, but the primary emotional hook originates in the evocation of the dream. (Qtd. in Calvert). Jason Staples describes how Inception functions like a dream: The construction of dream worlds for Progress Report - A Template shared dreaming serves as an excellent metaphor for film itself (and ‘myth’ in general), as it involves the creation of a virtual reality, a shadow-like imitation of the real world into which people can journey together, guided by the ‘architect’ (writer/director). As people are naturally resistant to new or outside ideas, those media (like film) that can influence people’s thinking without drawing the attention of their (often militarized) subconscious guards are especially powerful forms of communication and agents of cultural change. Like a shared dream state, films, video games, novels, and other narrative media immerse a receptive subject within a different, shared virtual world(view) – even potentially planting outside assumptions or ideas in the subject’s unguarded subconscious.
But the idea of 25+ Times Tables Worksheets, Inception as an analogy for film can be extended beyond the experience of viewing film to the business of | Inventory Sheet, creating film. According to this interpretation, put forward by 25+ Times On Pinterest critics Devin Faraci, Mark Fisher, and Richard Corliss: Cobb is the director Arthur is the producer Ariadne is the screen-writer Saito is the studio honcho Fischer is the Free Louisiana Form | Pdf | Word (.doc), audience. In interviews, Nolan denies that he was trying to create an analogy in the film between dreaming and Best 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, film-viewing or film-making. But Fisher counters: “If a century of cultural theory has taught us anything, it’s that an author’s supposed intentions can only ever constitute a supplementary (para)text, never a final word.” Fisher thinks, despite Nolan’s intentions, Inception is Insurance Industry Services, very much about the Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest, film-making business, and not in Fashion Format | Resume Format And Resume a good way. Fisher suggests it might be unconscious on Nolan’s part, but it nonetheless reveals a creative mind in thrall to Hollywood entertainment film and global capitalism. Inception is less a meta-meditation on Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest the power of cinema than, more interestingly, a reflection of the way in which cinematic techniques have become imbricated into a banal spectacle which – fusing business machismo, entertainment protocols, and breathless hype – enjoys an unprecedented dominion over Science Template Design our working lives and our dreaming minds. . . . Inception ‘s arcades and hotel corridors are on the contrary those of a globalized capital whose reach easily extends into the former depths of what was once the unconscious.
There’s nothing alien, no other place here, only a mass-marketed ‘subconscious’ recirculating deeply familiar images. Fisher believes that Nolan is not just the creator of a film called Inception , but someone who uses film to practice inception. Just as in the film inception is used for the benefit of corporate interests, it is used in Only the multiplex to indoctrinate movie viewers in Science Powerpoint Presentation the ideology of capitalism. He writes: “Nolan’s films are preoccupied with . . . the lies that we tell ourselves to stay happy. Yet the situation is worse even than that. It’s one thing to lie to oneself; it’s another to not even know whether one is lying to oneself or not.” In Marxist terminology this is called “false consciousness,” the process by which we are unconsciously socialized and indoctrinated into the values of the 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, ruling class.
Staples has a similar concern: “The most potent and influential ideas [in the film] are those so thoroughly socialized and internalized that, their origins long forgotten, they are presupposed without argument.” What Staples is writing about is ideology, which we have been discussing all throughout the second half of the course, beginning with Far From Heaven . Critics like Fisher and Staples argue that the process of “false consciousness” is at work in the film, in the same way that inception works. 5+ Pharmacy Skills Sheet. For inception to be successful, the host has to believe that the implanted idea is 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free, theirs. In other words, they must come to believe that the lie is true, and Skills, not only that: that it is a deeply personal truth. According to Fisher, “in Inception , as in late capitalist culture in general, you’re always in someone else’s dream, which is also the dream of no one.” It is the dream of capital, and those who control capital. I would suggest this is particularly true of the violence in Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest the film. Viewers consume shocking amounts of violence in the film without thinking about Office Services Portfolio it because it is entertaining in itself and Best Ideas Only | Free, part of a story that is written in Free Louisiana Of Sale Form (.doc) such a way to make the 25+ Times | Free, violence seem inconsequential (it’s all just a dream). & Chemistry Presentation Template. I like to Worksheets, call this “ The Matrix Complex” (because the same thing happens in that film).
Critics like Fisher insinuate that Nolan is the purveyor of the Hollywood blockbuster mentality, cleverly masquerading Inception as an art film. While I believe this critique has some validity, I think the opposite may be equally true: Nolan is an auteur who cleverly masks his art films as popular entertainment. That is the main reason I chose Inception as the last film in this course. & Chemistry Presentation Design. Nolan is a master of film technique, an auteur; he is prescient in his grasp of the zeitgeist; and he understands how to 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, insert “big ideas” into his film without seeming pretentious. But he does all this in Hollywood, which is Fashion Designer Resume Format | Resume, quite an accomplishment. It is something that the online film critic Eileen Jones would applaud, and hold up as a shining example of what Hollywood film studios can accomplish, as long as they embrace their own pro-business aesthetic and refuse to slavishly follow the standards of Worksheets Only On Pinterest, European art film. Richard Corliss says of Inception : Though the plot is really one giant hallucination, it’s an experience that doesn’t blow your mind so much as challenge it. Viewers will have to work to keep up with all the shifting perspectives and layers of deceit. Inception is like the Designer Format Maker, coolest, toughest final exam – or like the Best Ideas Only | Free, dream of & Chemistry Powerpoint Template Design, one, in which you’re suddenly in class and you realize you didn’t prepare for the big test. This is a movie that you’ll wish you had crammed for. But reading this blog entry is preparation for the final exam, so you won’t be totally unprepared (and hopefully won’t have the it’s-the-day-of-the-final-and-I-haven’t-studied-all-semester nightmare).
Cobb, in Best 25+ Times Only On Pinterest | Free Inception , offers a final thought (that might never leave you): “The most persistent parasite is an idea. Once it takes root in the brain, it’s almost impossible to eradicate.” University of Maryland. Leon Saunders Calvert, “ Inception : Film, Dreams and Insurance Of America - Construction, Freud,” Offscreen 15.5 (May 31, 2011). Robert Capps, “QA: Christopher Nolan on Dreams, Architecture, and Ambiguity,” Wired (November 29, 2010). Richard Corliss, “ Inception : Whose Mind Is It, Anyway?”, Time (July 14, 2010).
Mark Fisher, “The Lost Unconscious: Delusions and Dreams in Inception,” Film Quarterly 64.3 (Spring 2011). Jason Staples, “Shadowlands, Myth, and the Creation of Meaning in Inception, ” Journal of 25+ Times Worksheets Only | Free, Religion Film 14.1 (April 2010). Chicago 10 and Technician, Postmodern Documentary. The first films were documentaries. Louis and Best Only On Pinterest | Free, Auguste Lumiere, the Free Boat Form (.doc), French brothers credited with the invention of the cinema, called their short films “actualites.” They were depictions of actual life, recording such things as workers leaving a factory or a train arriving at a station. However, even in these early films, some of the human figures acknowledge the camera, and are sometimes characters in rudimentary narratives – as in Worksheets Ideas The Waterer Gets Watered (1895).
I also noted, in class, the subjective nature of the camera. Even if you point your camera at something and Self Analysis, turn it on, you’re only getting one possible vantage point, and leaving out a lot of information. Shooting a camera entails choosing what the audience will see, and not see. So, from the very beginning of film history, the line dividing the objective from the subjective, the factual from the fictional, the real from the artificial, has been blurred. This is Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, still true, perhaps even more so, in film today, as I explain below. The effort to distinguish documentary realism and narrative illusion became more necessary once story-based film came to dominate the industry. Fashion Resume. Documentarians claimed realism for themselves, leaving fantasy to the big movie studios. We see this in the ethnographic films of Robert Flaherty, in 25+ Times Tables the 1920s.
However, critics now question Flaherty’s realism. Your textbook authors write: Flaherty’s Nanook of the North (1922), about the Inuit people in Canada, and Man of Aran (1937), about the Aran Islanders off the west coast of Ireland, are voice-of-authority documentaries organized by intertitles that explain the activities depicted. In his zeal to & Chemistry Design, valorize what he considered the blissfully primitive cultures of the Inuit and the Aran islanders, however, Flaherty misrepresented the 25+ Times Worksheets, cultures he intended to document (290). The example they give in the textbook is when Nanook (or Allakarillak, his real name), “feigns awe at the sight of the gramophone,” something which Nanook had actually seen before (290). Flaherty has him pretend not to Fashion Designer Format Maker, know about such modern conveniences in order to reveal his innocence of modernity, his blissful ignorance. I gave a couple other examples in class. Flaherty had Nanook construct only Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only | Free half an igloo – a set made of ice – so that he would have the light to shoot inside the igloo.
The way the film is Pre-Entry, shot, the half-igloo appears to be whole. 25+ Times Worksheets Only | Free. Flaherty also staged Nanook’s capture of a seal – what Nanook was really yanking on was a rope that was attached to two or three members of the 5+ Pharmacy Technician | Inventory Count Sheet, film crew, not a seal. When all this came to light, exposed in films like Nanook Revisited , some critics concluded that it was difficult if not impossible, even in 25+ Times Tables Only | Free documentaries, to Boat Bill | Word (.doc), separate what is Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas On Pinterest, real and true from what is Skills | Inventory, imaginary and false. Best 25+ Times Ideas | Free. They similarly saw no good way to distinguish the film-maker’s subjective view from the objective presentation of reality. Towards Postmodern Documentary. One prominent response to this situation was to embrace fictionality and subjectivity in the documentary. In this sense, the Free Louisiana Boat Bill | Pdf, documentary film becomes a performance by the film-maker, rather than an objective recording of reality. Errol Morris was one of the Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, first film documentarians to - Construction, do this.
As your textbook puts it: Morris adopts a bemused perspective on his subjects: his ironic distance is made evident through editing. He juxtaposes images of one subject with interviews with another, so it seems as if the people he interviews are making comments about the lives and work of other people. . . . By pairing a subject’s statements with seemingly unrelated images, Morris adds dimension to Best Tables Ideas, the interviews, introducing ideas that none of his subjects has voiced. Morris gets at Self Analysis one truth by allowing the interviewees to tell their own stories yet his editing encourages the audience to make unusual connections. Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only On Pinterest. (284). Michael Moore, the director of Fahrenheit 9/11 (which won the 5+ Pharmacy Technician | Inventory Count Sheet, prestigious Palme d’Or at Ideas On Pinterest Cannes in 2004) is a film documentarian that you’re likely more familiar with. Moore is always a participant in his films, he is always performing on Fashion Resume | Resume And Resume camera, usually as a humorous gadfly character. Moore’s subjectivity – his responses, his opinions, his outrage – is part of the subject. Some think Moore is refreshingly candid in putting his own point of view front-and-center in his films; others think he is an unbearable, opinionated blowhard. Morris and Moore were early practitioners of postmodern documentary, a form of Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only | Free, documentary that has become popular – largely because of film-makers like Morris and Fashion Designer Format, Moore. Before getting into postmodern documentary film, it’s important to say something about postmodernism, and postmodern film more generally.
For our definition of 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest | Free, postmodernism, we go to Margaret Wertheim, of the Faith and Reason program on PBS. A general and wide-ranging term which is applied to literature, art, philosophy, architecture, fiction, and cultural and literary criticism, among others. Postmodernism is largely a reaction to the assumed certainty of scientific, or objective, efforts to explain reality. In essence, it stems from a recognition that reality is not simply mirrored in human understanding of Free Bill Of Sale Form | Pdf | Word, it, but rather, is constructed as the mind tries to 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest, understand its own particular and personal reality. For this reason, postmodernism is highly skeptical of explanations which claim to be valid for all groups, cultures, traditions, or races, and instead focuses on Of America Industry Services Portfolio the relative truths of each person. In the Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, postmodern understanding, interpretation is everything; reality only comes into being through our interpretations of what the world means to us individually. Postmodernism relies on concrete experience over abstract principles, knowing always that the outcome of one’s own experience will necessarily be fallible and relative, rather than certain and Progress - A, universal.
Postmodernism is “post” because it is denies the existence of any ultimate principles, and it lacks the optimism of Best 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest, there being a scientific, philosophical, or religious truth which will explain everything for everybody – a characteristic of the so-called “modern” mind. The paradox of the postmodern position is that, in placing all principles under the scrutiny of its skepticism, it must realize that even its own principles are not beyond questioning. As the philosopher Richard Tarnas states, postmodernism “cannot on its own principles ultimately justify itself any more than can the various metaphysical overviews against Fashion Resume | Resume which the postmodern mind has defined itself.” This can be broken down further. Below are the five main concepts regarding postmodern culture more generally. Postmodernism. calls into Only, question “grand” theories that purport to explain everything for everyone forever (Enlightenment, liberalism, Marxism, Freudianism, etc.) claims there is no universal/objective truth; everything is subjective and relative holds that the self is socially constructed (undercutting individualism, agency, and freedom) is suspicious of media, particularly the power of visual media to recreate, represent, and replace the real (Baudrillard’s “simulacrum“) blurs the border between reality and representation. In terms of aesthetics, postmodern works of art are characterized by.
non-linear, fractured narrative self-referentiality/self-reflexivity (irony) pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending the leveling of high/low culture blurring the border between fact and fiction. It should be evident that fiction films would have less problems with postmodernism, as defined above, than documentary films. Documentary films are not supposed to Powerpoint Template Design, be subjective or fake, whereas that is Best Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, very much allowed in fiction films. In its cultural skepticism, postmodernism relentlessly attacks the | Resume Format And Resume, essence of documentary realism. Postmodernism and Documentary Realism. Representing the postmodern perspective, Krystin Arneson writes of documentaries: Like photography, documentaries are a representational medium: They record and occasionally reconstruct the everyday reality viewers typically cannot experience themselves. Because photography is an indexical sign signifying truth, audiences understand the documentary, a moving photograph, to signify truth also. However, they are able to make the distinction between the 25+ Times Tables Ideas, ?everyday reality? presented by documentaries and Skills | Inventory Count, the fictive ?reality? of cinematic films. But the documentary?’s version of reality is not as innocent as it presents itself to be. Best 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free. Because of the perceived indexical truth-value of the film, the Self Analysis, audience is drawn into an everyday reality that seemingly doesn’t need questioning.
There is ?a sense of co-presence between creator and viewer that gives the viewer the sensation of being both here, now, looking at the image and there, then, looking at what the image represents or evokes.? For Arneson, it is difficult to separate objective from subjective truth in postmodern documentary. As a ?human document? dealing with not only the hard facts but also the Worksheets On Pinterest, ?social and Self Analysis, personal aspects? of the theme, the documentary is a representational, recorded version of the 25+ Times Only | Free, everyday created through ?[the director?s] personal interpretations of what he or she chooses to place in front of the camera lens.? The ?informational value is Louisiana Boat Of Sale Form | Pdf, mediated through the Worksheets On Pinterest, perspective of the Self Analysis, person making it, and it is presented as a mixture of emotion and information (Stuart Hall, Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices [Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1997], 83) This ?mediation,? or personal interpretation of the topic, is Worksheets Only On Pinterest | Free, influenced by any number of factors: preconceived attitudes, biases, and what story they hope to get out of the filming. Frederick Wiseman, a documentary maker himself, writes of the Free Boat Bill | Word (.doc), impossibility of objectivity in representation: ?Any documentary made in no matter what style, is Best 25+ Times Only | Free, arbitrary, biased, prejudiced, compressed and subjective. Like any of its sisterly or brotherly fictional forms, it is born in choice – choice of subject matter, place, people, camera angles, duration of shooting, sequences to Free Boat Of Sale (.doc), be shot or omitted, transitional material and cutaways (Toby Miller, Technologies of Truth: Cultural Citizenship and the Popular Media, ed. Michael Renov, Faye Ginsburg, and Jane Gaines [Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998], 225). 25+ Times Only On Pinterest | Free. No matter how objectively a filmmaker approaches a topic, they will always be filtering the topic through their personal lens ?- not just the camera?’s. Subjectivity, and therefore a departure from the Technician Count Sheet, real, is thus introduced in the documentary as soon as the Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas | Free, filmmaker makes a decision on Design how the everyday should be represented. This begins the Best Worksheets On Pinterest | Free, moment the camera turns on and continues until an audience views the final product. Linda Williams has also written on Science & Chemistry Presentation postmodern documentaries, though with less suspicion.
In an analysis of Errol Morris’s The Thin Blue Line (about someone’s wrongful conviction for murder) and Claude Lanzmann’s monumental Shoah (about the Holocaust), Williams focuses on the. low-budget postmodern documentary borrowing many features of the fiction film. 25+ Times Tables Only On Pinterest. My goal . . Report - A For Pre-Entry. . is to get beyond the much remarked self-reflexivity and flamboyant auteurism of these documentaries, which might seem, Rashomon -like, to abandon the pursuit of truth, to what seems to me their remarkable engagement with a newer, more contingent, relative, postmodern truth—a truth which, far from being abandoned, still operates powerfully as the receding horizon of the Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only, documentary tradition. (312) The lesson that I would like to Insurance Services Portfolio, draw from these two exemplary postmodern documentaries is 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only, thus not at all that postmodern representation inevitably succumbs to a depthlessness of the Self Analysis, simulacrum, or that it gives up on truth to Only On Pinterest, wallow in the undecidabilities of representation. The lesson, rather, is Science Powerpoint Template Design, that there can be historical depth to the notion of truth – not the depth of unearthing a coherent and unitary past, but the depth of the past’s reverberation with the present. If the authoritative means to the truth of the past does not exist, if photographs and moving images are not mirrors with memories, if they are more, as Baudrillard has suggested, like a hall of mirrors, then our best response to this crisis of representation might be to do what Lanzmann and Morris do: to deploy the Worksheets, many facets of these mirrors to reveal the seduction of lies. (325).
That is, they construct “truths to dispel pernicious fictions, even though these truths are only relative and Designer Format Format And Resume, contingent. While never absolute and never fixed, this under-construction, fragmented horizon of truth is 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free, one important means of combating the pernicious scapegoating fictions that can put the wrong man on death row and enable the Insurance Office Of America - Construction Industry, extermination of a whole people. (325). Williams seems to suggest that personal, subjective truth, presented by someone personally involved (as an advocate, etc.), is better than no truth at all. Pure moral relativism, the absolute denial of objective truth, leads to paralysis, whereas engagement in the issue gets us a little closer to the truth. Chicago 10 as Postmodern Documentary. Chicago 10 is generally recognized by critics and reviewers as a postmodern documentary (as defined above). Jim Emerson writes that the Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest, film. bursts with Yippie-ish irreverence and political fervor.
The movie intercuts archival footage with colorful motion-capture animation (voiced by some really good actors), based upon actual transcripts of the trial. Report. These play, quite intentionally, like countercultural Looney Tunes, with Hoffman the Best Tables Worksheets Ideas, Younger as the Tasmanian Devil and Insurance Office - Construction Services, Hoffman the Elder as Elmer Fudd. . . . The irreverent attitude of 25+ Times Tables On Pinterest | Free, Chicago 10 is in | Resume And Resume synch with the times it portrays. Giddy, funny and sometimes nightmarishly absurd, it’s an apple-cart-upsetting performance piece shot through with blasting music from 25+ Times | Free Eminem, the Beastie Boys and Rage Against the Self Analysis, Machine [and let’s not forget “War Pig,” performed by Black Sabbath, during a key juncture of the film]. As an activist documentary with a contemporary agenda, it doesn’t pretend to be “objective” (whatever that means), but to Tables Ideas Only, find inspiration in the passion and irreverence of its heroes. Chicago 10 is Insurance - Construction Industry Services, “irreverent” and “doesn’t pretend to Best 25+ Times Only On Pinterest, be ‘objective’.” It upsets the Technician Skills Count Sheet, “apple cart “of film – and particularly documentary film – convention. When the animation starts near the beginning of the film we know this will be no ordinary documentary. By combining documentary realism with exaggerated animation, Chicago 10 mixes high and low culture and calls into question the veracity of what we see, since we typically associate animation with fantasy and Best Worksheets Ideas | Free, fiction. This cognitive dissonance is amplified by Fashion Resume Format Format Maker the fact that there are at least three different kinds of animation utilized in the film.
The variety of animation styles, mixed with archival footage, also highlights the pastiche/bricolage/intertextuality/fragmentation/genre bending of the film. It is edited together in a seemingly sloppy, slap-dash manner, which is not poor work but rather the film-maker’s attempt to use the deconstruction of film form as a way to challenge the authorized version of reality, which passes itself off as universal, objective truth. Chicago 10 is fragmented in its form. It is also fragmented in its narrative. You are no stranger to fractured narrative. The film Adaptation has a famously convoluted narrative, and is postmodern in just about every way.
But, again, fiction films are allowed to play around with narrative (even in Hollywood films), whereas documentaries are meant to Best Worksheets On Pinterest | Free, reflect the real, without bias or a subjective viewpoint. Self Analysis. The best way to Best Only On Pinterest, interrogate this is to present a historical narrative that jumps around in time, and refuses to Self Analysis, privilege one account over others. This is what Morgen does in Chicago 10 . Relatedly, Chicago 10 is self-referential. Formally and thematically, Morgen draws attention to his film as an artificial construct. He makes visual “jokes,” he “winks at Ideas Only the audience.” The best example of this is early on Free Boat Of Sale Form | Word in the Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only | Free, courtroom when Abbie Hoffman blows a kiss towards a juror and the “camera” follows the kiss to its destination, on the juror’s cheek (which the judge according to the transcript, tells the jury to disregard). The mimicry of live-action cinematography in fiction films is common in animated films, but here, in a documentary, it is meant as an Fashion Designer Resume Format | Resume Format Maker ironic commentary on film-making. At the same time, the film looks critically at the kind of spectacle that postmodernists typically question. In the film, it is Abbie Hoffman who examines the topic, in the form of political theater. Hoffman argues that politics is 25+ Times Tables Worksheets On Pinterest, nothing more than “theater and magic.” He says to a reporter: We believe that politics is the way you live your life, not who you support.
It’s not in Pre-Entry Report Template For Pre-Entry terms of Best Ideas Only | Free, rallies or speeches or political programs. It is in terms of Pre-Entry Progress Report - A Report, images and in terms of transforming people’s lives. In ideological war, the side who controls visual representation is the side that usually wins. Hoffman and his Yippie cohorts understood this very well, which is Worksheets Ideas, why they managed so successfully to dramatize the protests at the Democratic convention, and the trial itself, on their own very colorful terms. Science Powerpoint Template Design. It’s also why we still find these historical figures compelling, because their antics – nominating a pig as president, creating a melee at the New York Stock Exchange by throwing money into the pit, encircling and Ideas On Pinterest, attempting to 5+ Pharmacy Technician | Inventory Sheet, levitate the Pentagon – are such good theater, which makes them tailor-made for film treatment. As Emerson puts it: In the great 1960s clash of generational values, Hoffman believed that his side would prevail because it had better symbols. Best Tables | Free. As he framed it, the comedic/dramatic faceoff was between peace, love and Fashion Designer Resume | Resume Format Maker, freedom on one hand, and Tables Worksheets Ideas, war, repression and oppression on the other. When you look at it in those terms, it’s hard to argue with him.
In the end, Morgen’s documentary follows the template of the Free Boat Form | Pdf (.doc), postmodern advocacy documentary described by Williams. Worksheets On Pinterest | Free. Morgen is clearly an advocate of the activists depicted in Chicago 10 , and their radical politics. Fashion Designer Resume. Though he uses postmodern techniques, it seems very likely that Morgen did not intend to cast suspicion on the actions or even the ideology, of the anti-war counterculture. Unlike more postmodern films, and many postmodern documentaries, Chicago 10 doesn’t just question and undercut the idea of objective truth, asserting instead an ironic – but untrustworthy – subjectivity. Chicago 10 takes sides, suggesting that some truths are better than others, and are worth fighting for, despite being partial, particular, and contingent. University of Maryland. Krystin Arneson, “Representation through Documentary: A Post-Modern Assessment,” Artifacts: A Journal of Undergraduate Writing 6 (March 2012). Jim Emerson, “Review of Best Worksheets Ideas | Free, Chicago 10 ,” rogerebert.com (February 28, 2008). Margaret Wertheim. “Postmodernism.” Faith and Form (.doc), Reason.
PBS. December 11, 2013. Linda Williams, “Mirrors without Memories: Truth, History, and the New Documentary,” eds. Brian Henderson and Ann Martin, Film Quarterly: Forty Years – A Selection (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999). http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft5h4nb36j/ Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Brett Morgen is a writer/director/producer of Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, documentaries. His first feature-length documentary, Ollie’s Army (1996), featured the former Marine and Skills | Inventory Count Sheet, conservative pundit, Oliver North (of Iran-Contra infamy).
In 1999, with Nanette Burstein, Morgen released On the Ropes , a documentary about three young boxers and Best Ideas On Pinterest, their coach. Insurance Industry Services Portfolio. This film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary, and Best Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest, won a number of film awards, including the Special Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival, the Directors Guild of Self Analysis, America award for best documentary, and Best Tables Worksheets, the same award from the International Documentary Association. After On the Ropes , Morgen is perhaps best known for The Kid Stays in the Picture , an “inside-Hollywood” look at the controversial and legendary Paramount producer Robert Evans. Self Analysis. This film was nominated for Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only On Pinterest | Free twelve minor film awards, winning four. Morgen’s latest documentary was Crossfire Hurricane , a television documentary about the fiftieth-anniversary tour of the Progress Report - A Report Template For Pre-Entry, Rolling Stones. This film was nominated for four primetime Emmies, and won the “Golden Reel” award for best sound editing. (This film can be favorably compared with Martin Scorsese’s 2007 documentary about The Rolling Stones, called Shine a Light ).
With its mix of archival footage and various forms of animation, Chicago 10 is a less conventional documentary than the ones Morgen made before. The film was generally well reviewed, though it was panned by some of the Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free, bigger media outlets and has not garnered the kind of awards that Morgen has previously won. There were mixed reviews on Insurance Of America - Construction Industry Services Morgen’s use of animation in the film. At Time Out , Ben Kenigsberg writes that. this unclassifiable cine-essay from Brett Morgen . Best Worksheets On Pinterest. . Designer Resume Format | Resume Format Maker. . Worksheets Ideas Only | Free. burnishes the Chicago Seven trial with an iGeneration makeover. Alternating between archival footage and animated reenactments – somewhat clunkily scored with a contemporary soundtrack – this is the first nonfiction film that plays like a Matrix trailer. Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle has a different take on the film. He concludes: In the end, the Insurance Office Of America Portfolio, truest thing that can be said for “Chicago 10” is that, though Morgen did just about 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only everything he could to make his movie unwatchable, the story was interesting enough to fight him to a draw. The film chronicles the creative provocations of Fashion Designer Resume | Resume Format, anti-war activists at the Democratic National Convention in 1968 in Best 25+ Times Tables Only On Pinterest Chicago, and Free Louisiana | Pdf, the police push-back. Two of the defendants, Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin, were members of the newly-formed activist group, the 25+ Times Tables On Pinterest, Yippies.
The Yippies were well known for their political street theater, which took on monumental proportions in Chicago during the convention. Other defendants, such as Rennie Davis and David Dellinger, represented the slightly more mainstream peace group, the National Mobilization Committee, or MOBE. A third defendant, Bobby Seale, was an organizer for Resume Format | Resume Format And Resume Maker the Black Panther Party. The protesters street theater turned into a riot on the streets of Chicago. It is generally acknowledged now that it was Mayor Daley’s police who created the riot, not the Best 25+ Times Ideas Only | Free, protesters. Science. But arguably this is exactly what the protesters wanted, since it showed quite concretely the lengths the authorities were willing to go to Best Tables Worksheets Ideas, maintain order and Of America Industry Portfolio, perpetuate a repressive status quo based upon war and profits. When they went on trial, the leaders of the protest at the Democratic convention in 1968 brought their theater out 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only of the Pre-Entry Progress Report - A Report Template, streets and into the courtroom. The trial became a “circus,” but like the circus-like demonstrations, it was arguably the authorities (particularly Judge Julius Hoffman) who made it so – particularly in the silencing of Bobby Seale. Chicago 10 and the Counterculture. Earlier in the semester, when we viewed Apocalypse Now , we discussed the American counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s, which was characterized by newer, looser conceptions of “sex, drugs, and rock-n-roll,” and, eventually, anti-war protest.
I posted a blog entry in Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets which I argued that Apocalypse Now shows the “dark side” of the counterculture, reflecting the moral exhaustion the followed the conclusion of the Vietnam War and the Watergate scandal (which forced the Of America - Construction, resignation of President Richard Nixon in Best Worksheets | Free 1974). By contrast, Chicago 10 shows us the (.doc), vibrancy (and sense of humor) of the student-led peace movement in the United States circa 1968. In this sense, Chicago 10 is more like Jean-Luc’s Godard’s Weekend , from Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest 1967, than Apocalypse Now – though Godard is Progress Report Template For Pre-Entry, somewhat critical of his student revolutionaries, whereas Morgen is quite celebratory. Still, though in Chicago 10 we see the American counterculture through rose-colored, psychedelic glasses, there is a hint of 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, dark times to come. Presentation Template. We see this in the growing stridency and militancy of the peace movement, which would lead to Best 25+ Times Tables | Free, some students taking up arms (and bombs) for 5+ Pharmacy Count Sheet peace. Previously in the 1960s, protests were more likely to feature hippie flower children putting flowers into the barrels on soldiers’ guns; post-1968 protests were much more chaotic, with protesters enveloped by clouds of tear gas and running from truncheon-swinging policemen. Indicative of this is the violent tactics of the protesters in Chicago, and the ubiquitous use of the Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, “p” word (“pig”) in reference to the police. As I mentioned in class, if you’re looking for historical background on the film, you’ll want to search for “the Chicago 7,” not “the Chicago 10.” That’s because most accounts focus on the seven white activists originally charged with inciting to riot, and treat Bobby Seale (also convicted) separately, and don’t consider the defense attorneys who were also jailed (for contempt of court). As the film makes clear, the defense attorneys actually spent more time in jail than most of the defendants.
Morgen is right to consider Bobby Seale as one of the ten – despite not being one of the main organizers of the protest, and being separated from the Fashion Resume Format, rest of the defendants – since his horrendous treatment (being denied the right to defend himself, dragged out of the courtroom, and later gagged in the courtroom) is one of the more controversial aspects of the Best Worksheets Ideas, trial. University of Maryland. Ben Kenigsberg, “Review of Self Analysis, Chicago 10 ,” TimeOut (February 26, 2008). Mick LaSalle, “‘Chicago 10’ filmmaking fails story,” San Francisco Chronicle ( February 29, 2008). Three Experimental Films and Avant-garde Cinema. Also known as “experimental” and “underground” cinema, films of the Best Tables Only On Pinterest | Free, avant-garde. tend to have broken, disjointed, or non-existent narratives often focus on some technical aspect of film usually “approach the medium as an aesthetic, philosophical, and/or political means of expression” ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 291) are generally antagonistic to conventional, Hollywood-style film-making.
According to your textbook authors, there are five major kinds of avant-garde film: Surrealist. Films that violate narrative conventions, focus on the unconscious mind, and “reject conventional morality and poke fun at bourgeois values through form and content” (Film: A Critical Introduction 293). Abstract. Films that focus on Report Report Template For Pre-Entry objects rather than people; they also focus on Best Tables Ideas Only issues involved in vision itself, as well as investigate the Self Analysis, materials of the film medium (e.g.
Stan Brakhage). City Symphony. Films that “celebrate the vibrancy of the modern world,” and combine documentary and experimental film. Structuralist. Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas. Films that concentrate on the use of the cinematic apparatus, such as strips of film, sound waves, cameras, and Louisiana Boat Bill | Pdf, lenses. Compilation . Films that “reuse film footage in an entirely new context to generate innovative ideas” (299). The three short films I assigned for this week are certainly experimental, avant-garde films, but not all of them fit the textbook definition.
An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) , written and directed by Salvador Dali and Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas On Pinterest | Free, Luis Bunuel, and first released in 1927, is the best-known example of & Chemistry, Surrealist film. Your textbook authors note that Surrealist films “are rife with humor, sexuality, and Best Worksheets Ideas | Free, scandalous images. They reject conventional morality and Insurance Office Of America Industry Services Portfolio, poke fun at bourgeois values through form and Best 25+ Times Ideas Only, content” (293). An Andalusian Dog intentionally confounds the expectations of the audience and purposefully violates most of the conventions regarding film narrative. It undermines any sense of coherent narrative, and revels in its irrationality. - Construction Industry Services Portfolio. In this sense, it is just like a dream. Again, according to your textbook authors, the film subverts chronological time and narrative causality, and mocks narrative form. “The sequence of Ideas On Pinterest, events is not coherent; viewers cannot make sense of the Fashion Resume Format | Resume And Resume, film using cause-and-effect logic,” and “unnamed characters have few goals or conflicts (although motifs include gender fluidity and sexual aggression” (293). Needless to say, the film does not conform to conventional film-making represented by Hollywood. According to Martha Nochimson, in An Andalusian Dog Dali and Bunuel mock “the assumption that there is any absolute reality. Creating a film that has no traditional narrative syntax, that is, rules by which the Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest, parts were joined to form a story, Dali and Bunuel set out to prove that all individuals and cultures are doing no more than connecting the Free Boat Of Sale | Pdf | Word (.doc), dots according to their own limited perspectives when they talk about the real” (281).
An Andalusian Dog can best be understood as an experiment in Freudian dream analysis, utilizing the Best Tables Only, method of Self Analysis, free association. Just as dreams are deeply subjective, amorphous, and have their own logic, An Andalusian Dog works at the level of the subconscious mind, which includes the Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only | Free, “sub-rational.” Like psychoanalysis, the film proceeds via free association, encouraging the viewer to randomly and Insurance Office - Construction Services, automatically associate one thing with another. Though the film defies explanation, and the film-makers repeatedly refused to 25+ Times Tables Worksheets | Free, explicate the symbols of the film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog is as a journey through the stages of psycho-sexual development according to Freud. (I have created a separate blog entry on Freud’s stages, and another that walks you through a reading of An Andalusian Dog according to Freud.) There are many visual associations of a sexual nature in An Andalusian Dog (armpit hair representing pubic hair, the wounded hand representing the vagina, the close association of female breasts and buttocks). There are other associations of a non-sexual nature (tennis racket for crucifix, shaken martini mixer for the father). Some of Free Boat Of Sale | Pdf (.doc), these images are taken right out of the Freudian playbook, others (such as ants crawling out of stigmata holes) are personal obsessions of Dali or Bunuel, which first appeared in dreams. Finally, in the film we see, in many different guises, the Best 25+ Times Ideas On Pinterest | Free, close association of sex with death, or eros (sexual desire) and thanatos (the death wish), which was one of Powerpoint, Freud’s later psychological theories. The final image of the film, in which the formerly vibrant lovers are now corpses half-buried in the dirt, makes this association quite clear. Meshes of the Afternoon was made, in the United States, in 1943. It was written, directed, and acted by Maya Deren and her husband at the time, Alexander Hammid.
According to Tables Worksheets Only On Pinterest, your textbook, Meshes of the Fashion Format Maker, Afternoon is Best 25+ Times Tables Only On Pinterest, a late, American Surrealist film. It “explores the dream state, suspending the notion of - A Template For Pre-Entry, chronological time while relying on characters, settings, and the semblance of narrative. Deren and her husband use domestic interiors as the 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, nightmarish location for Report Template For Pre-Entry the dreamer’s vivid and self-destructive imagination” ( Film: A Critical Introduction , 293). The film blurs the 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest | Free, border between dream and reality, to the point where we don’t know which is which. Deren said of the Meshes of the Afternoon : “This film is concerned with the interior experiences of an individual. It does not record an event which could be witnessed by Office Of America - Construction other persons. Rather, it reproduces the way in which the Best 25+ Times On Pinterest, subconscious of an individual will develop, interpret and elaborate an Insurance Office - Construction Industry Services apparently simple and casual incident into a critical emotional experience.” (Commentary from Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest | Free Maya Deren from the DVD release, Maya Deren: Experimental Films 1943–58 ).
As a number of critics have noted, it is the subjective camera work in the film that shows how the individual develops, interprets and elaborates emotional experience. Meshes of the Afternoon is often characterized as a feminist film. According to Theresa Geller, Deren worked tirelessly . . . as a filmmaker and activist in Pre-Entry - A Report Template For Pre-Entry an otherwise masculinist avant-garde art world. Best Worksheets On Pinterest | Free. The critiques she wages against | Inventory the dominant representations women were met with vehement resistance by a rabidly patriarchal, and frequently misogynistic, avant-garde film culture that did not hesitate to conflate Deren herself with her films in their attacks” (140). As a feminist film, Meshes of the 25+ Times Tables | Free, Afternoon shows the psychological oppression of women, which – in the case of the unnamed woman character – leads to Progress Template, suicide. The unnamed man in the film is part of this oppression; the Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest | Free, woman’s dream shows him to be a ominous, threatening figure. In its feminism, the film is similar to Todd Haynes’s Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story . Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story. Superstar: The Karen Carpenter Story , written and Insurance - Construction Industry, directed by Todd Haynes while he was in graduate school, is Tables Worksheets On Pinterest, a short biopic about the pop chanteuse of the 1970s who died of anorexia nervosa in 1983.
The moment you first see a Barbie doll playing Karen Carpenter, you know you are stepping into the avant-garde. Seeing Barbie dolls play all the Louisiana Of Sale | Word, characters, throughout the Tables Ideas Only | Free, entire film, seals the Technician | Inventory Count, deal. Haynes’s use of Barbie dolls has two main functions in the film. Best 25+ Times Tables Only On Pinterest. First, it is a subtle critique of the way girls and & Chemistry Powerpoint Presentation, women are encouraged to aspire to – or are indoctrinated in – an unrealistic and dysfunctional physical ideal, for the purpose of looking more attractive to men. 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest. This is one way that women suffer as a result of the Male Gaze. Secondly, Haynes uses the Barbie dolls to Free Louisiana Boat Bill Of Sale | Pdf (.doc), prevent the viewer’s identification with the characters in the film. Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only | Free. That is, he puts into practice Brechtian distanciation (the alienation effect). He attempts to put some critical distance between the viewer and the fantasy world of the film. However, as I mentioned in class, it doesn’t always work that way. I still managed to identify with the characters and become immersed in the world of the film.
The melodrama of the plot and the music (and my own 1970s nostalgia) had a big part to play in this. Like Meshes of the Afternoon (and decidedly not like An Andalusian Dog ), Superstar can be considered a feminist film. The film shows how Karen Carpenter struggled with the expectations of her family and society, which derived from a patriarchal ideology. The film also deals with the Male Gaze, as mentioned above. Related to this is Haynes’s critique of consumerism. The film suggests that consumerism was complicit in the death of Karen Carpenter, in that it was the consumption of Ex-Lax and Ipicac that led to her anorexia. Ironically, Carpenter consumed these products as a form of Self Analysis, un-consumption – she used them to starve herself. And she starved herself to meet an impossible physical ideal, to be pretty so that men might more easily consume her image. The film also critiques the counter-counterculture of 1970s, which was a conservative response to the counterculture of the early 1970s.
That is, Carpenter became the poster child of wholesome living, and the antithesis of sex, drugs, and rock-n-roll. This was another impossible ideal to fulfill, feeding into Best 25+ Times Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, Carpenter’s sickness. It was exacerbated by the pressures of Free Boat Bill Of Sale | Word (.doc), celebrity, of Only, being a role model before you’re mature enough to handle it. This inevitably leads to cognitive dissonance, a conflict between who you are and who your are supposed to be (or forced by others to be). The film is Surrealist in some places (the spanking hand). Insurance Office Of America Industry Portfolio. It could be considered Abstract, particularly if you think dolls are objects and 25+ Times Tables Worksheets On Pinterest | Free, not people. It could also be considered a Compilation film in that Haynes inserts scenes from the liberation of the Nazi Death Camps, and other seemingly inappropriate footage. It might seem that Haynes was going way over the top with such footage, in effect comparing anorexia nervosa to the Holocaust and Self Analysis, the Vietnam War, but on a formal level it is justified – it is one way to offset the melodramatic story-line, and confound the Tables Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, nearly-automatic emotional response provoked by the music. University of Maryland.
Maya Deren, “Commentary to Meshes of the Afternoon ,” Maya Deren: Experimental Films 1943–58 (DVD) . Theresa L. Geller, “The Personal Cinema of Maya Deren: Meshes of the Afternoon and its Critical Reception in the History of the Avant-garde,” Biography: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly 29.1 (Winter 2006): 140-158. Martha Nochimson, World on Powerpoint Presentation Template Film (Malden, MA: John Wiley Sons, 2007). A Freudian Interpretation of An Andalusian Dog. The following is a Freudian interpretation of Only | Free, An Andalusian Dog ( Un Chien Andalou) . It is one of many possible interpretations of the film. My reading draws upon Freudian psychology, which I summarized in another blog entry. Self Analysis. The narrative of the film is illogical, like the Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest, narrative of Format Format And Resume, a dream. Dream analysis was a preoccupation of Ideas Only On Pinterest, both Freudian analysts and Surrealist artists. The film begins with the sexual act, which is an act of violence. This is represented by the sliced eye-ball of the woman. A child is born, a boy; birth, too, is a violent act.
This is represented by the injured boy who has fallen off his bike. The boy is Louisiana Boat Bill Form | Word (.doc), disturbed by a sexually undifferentiated (androgynous) female and becomes aware of his own sexuality. The boy is both hostile towards, and aroused by, the androgynous person. He takes sexual pleasure in her death. He desires his mother sexually, reaching for the breasts, the center of his libidinous pleasure. but is thwarted and held back by societal conventions (Ten Commandments, dead horse, pianos, priests) and by the threatened violence of Best 25+ Times Tables | Free, his father, who berates him, in a sense saying “grow up!” The father forces the Self Analysis, boy to abandon his childish ways and become more like him. 25+ Times Tables Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free. This is represented by the father throwing the boy’s childish things out the window. The boy, in an expression of the Oedipal Complex, imagines killing his father. Fashion Format And Resume Maker. It is humorously represented as a shoot-out, the kind featured in Best 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest cowboy or gangster films. Once this conflict is resolved, the father and Self Analysis, the son assume their proper roles, with the Worksheets Ideas, son inevitably taking precedence over his father.
This is represented by the son being much taller than his father. (Granted, this association is even more illogical than the ones previously discussed, since now the father and the son are played by different actors, in what seems to be another film entirely. A similar thing occurs at the end of the film.) Later, the boy, now grown to an adult, attempts to establish a healthy sexual relationship with a woman but he still shows feminine characteristics, which means he has not developed properly. This is Office - Construction Portfolio, represented by the woman’s armpit hair (standing in for her pubic hair) on the man’s face. Then we see the boy/man in a healthier aspect; his healthy individuation is indicated by a completely different actor playing the character. The woman is attracted to him, not to the other man who has not developed properly.
The man and Best Only | Free, his female lover walk along the shore, representing the font of life from which we all come and to which we all return. The man shows his disgust for childish things. These are the Insurance Of America - Construction Services Portfolio, same items the father threw out the window earlier in the film. The film ends with death, at which point the cycle begins again. (Some have also seen, in Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas this shot, an allusion to the bloody battlefields of World War I). Freud’s Stages of Psycho-Sexual Development. Though the film defies explanation, and the directors Luis Bunuel and Salvador Dali repeatedly refused to Fashion Designer Resume Format Maker, explain the 25+ Times Ideas Only | Free, symbols of the film, one way to read An Andalusian Dog (Un Chien Andalou) is as a journey through the stages of psycho-sexual development according to Sigmund Freud.
These stages are: Oral stage (from birth to Self Analysis, eighteen months): the child is preoccupied by nursing, and identifies nursing with his or her libidinal energy. Weaning provokes a crisis, an initial separation between the Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only | Free, child and the mother. Anal stage (eighteen months to 3 years): as the child is toilet-trained, he or she becomes obsessed with defecation. The child takes pleasure in defecation, which is countered by Format | Resume the rules of society concerning the control of 25+ Times Ideas On Pinterest | Free, bodily functions. Phallic stage (3 to 4 years): the Progress Report Report Template For Pre-Entry, child becomes interested in Tables his or her genitals. Self Analysis. The boy child wishes to possess his mother sexually, and to kill his father (his rival), but does not do so out of fear of castration at Best Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest | Free the hands of his father; instead he learns to identify with his father. This is the Oedipus Complex. 5+ Pharmacy Technician Skills Sheet. The girl child desires her father and blames the Best Tables Worksheets, mother for her lack of penis, but she eventually identifies with her mother, in order to vicariously possess her father through her mother. This is the 5+ Pharmacy Technician Sheet, Electra Complex. Latency Stage: the conflict of the Oedipal and Electra Complexes resolved, the child goes into an asexual period that is characterized by sexual repression.
Genital Stage: the child, now fully grown and socialized, strives to develop a healthy sexual relationship with a member of the opposite sex. If previous states are unresolved, this will be problematic. For more on Freud’s stages, and the definitions of such terms as libido, erogenous zone, id, ego, and superego, please consult the Victorian Web (from which I have borrowed for my explanation above): Note that feminists and gay critics have problems with Freud’s model of Best Worksheets | Free, psycho-sexual development. Of America Industry Portfolio. They claim, rightly, that Freud does not seriously consider their sexual development in his model, insinuating that they are sexually incomplete or dysfunctional. Torture, Journalism, and Worksheets On Pinterest, Art, in Zero Dark Thirty. Kathyrn Bigelow is not the Technician | Inventory Sheet, first film director to struggle with the tension between journalistic realism and artistic fiction in film. But she is currently the best, and most controversial, example of this phenomenon.
What I’m really referring to Best 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest, here is the “realistic” and/or “artistic” treatment of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . The film clearly shows that torture, though clearly a bad thing, was effective in Fashion Format | Resume Format And Resume Maker leading to the discovery and killing of Osama bin Laden. Bigelow, and her co-scriptwriter, the journalist Mark Boal, have repeatedly made the 25+ Times Tables Worksheets, claim that Zero Dark Thirty is realistic, objective, and journalistic in its representation of Pre-Entry Progress - A, torture. This is also the way they justify themselves as artists. For them, verisimilitude is equivalent to artistic treatment. Many critics vociferously disagree that the film is realistic, or can be considered journalism, on the subject of torture.
At The New Yorker , Jane Mayer writes that. the director of Zero Dark Thirty , Kathryn Bigelow, milks the 25+ Times Tables On Pinterest | Free, U.S. torture program for drama while sidestepping the political and ethical debate that it provoked. In her hands, the hunt for | Inventory Sheet bin Laden is essentially a police procedural, devoid of moral context. Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest. If she were making a film about slavery in antebellum America, it seems, the story would focus on whether the cotton crops were successful. In Rolling Stone , Matt Taibbi also addresses the subject of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . Pre-Entry Progress Report - A Report For Pre-Entry. He writes: The problem had nothing to do with the fact that Bigelow showed torture. It was the Best 25+ Times Tables On Pinterest, way she depicted it – without perspective, and in the context of a pulse-pounding thriller where the audience is clearly supposed to root for Self Analysis the big treasure find. It’s a cliche but it’s true: Bin Laden wanted us to make this mistake. Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free. He wanted America to respond to him by throwing off our carefully-crafted blanket of Louisiana Boat Bill | Pdf | Word (.doc), global respectability to Best Only On Pinterest | Free, reveal a brutal, repressive hypocrite underneath. Louisiana Form. He wanted us to stop pretending that we’re the 25+ Times Tables Only | Free, country that handcuffs you and reads you your rights instead of extralegally drone-bombing you from the stratosphere, or putting one in your brain in an Egyptian basement somewhere.
Carla Seaquist comments that “ Zero Dark Thirty is the Fashion Resume Format | Resume Maker, perfect al-Qaeda recruiting tool, with its extensive, and unopposed, torturing.” Adrian Chen writes that “Kathryn Bigelow’s Osama bin Laden revenge-porn flick Zero Dark Thirty was the biggest publicity coup for the CIA this century outside of the actual killing of Osama bin Laden.” [Chen follows this with a discussion of a memo that shows that the CIA “pressured (script-writer) Mark Boal to remove scenes that made them look bad from the Zero Dark Thirty script.”] Not all the critics of Zero Dark Thirty are film reviewers. Some are political commentators like Naomi Wolf, or journalists like Glen Greenwald (well known now for his reporting on WikiLeaks, Julian Assange, and Edward Snowden). Wolf claims that. in falsely justifying, in scene after scene, the torture of Best Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest, detainees in “the global war on terror”, Zero Dark Thirty is a gorgeously-shot, two-hour ad for keeping intelligence agents who committed crimes against Pre-Entry - A For Pre-Entry Guantanamo prisoners out of jail. It makes heroes and heroines out of people who committed violent crimes against other people based on their race. Greenwald, writing of the death of Osama bin Laden and Zero Dark Thirty , says that: This event [killing of bin Laden] has obtained sacred status in American political lore. Nobody can speak ill of it, or even question it, without immediately prompting an avalanche of anger and resentment. . . 25+ Times Tables On Pinterest | Free. . For that reason, to Self Analysis, depict X as valuable in enabling the killing of bin Laden is Best 25+ Times On Pinterest, – by definition – to glorify X. That formula will lead huge numbers of American viewers to regard X as justified and important. In this film: X = torture.
That’s why it glorifies torture: because it powerfully depicts it as a vital step – the Free Louisiana Boat Bill | Word (.doc), first, indispensable step – in 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest what enabled the US to hunt down and pump bullets into America’s most hated public enemy. Greenwald, who has written a number of articles on the controversy, goes on to show how the Technician Skills | Inventory, film’s claims about torture are demonstrably false. He also characterizes the film as “CIA hagiography” and “pernicious propaganda.” Mayer’s beat is national and international affairs, not film. But she makes a strong case for the falsity of the representation of torture in Zero Dark Thirty . During a week in which the European Court decided that the CIA was involved in torture during the War on Terror, Mayer writes that. the C.I.A.’s program of calibrated cruelty was deemed so illegal, and Best Ideas Only On Pinterest, so immoral, that the director of the & Chemistry Powerpoint Presentation Design, F.B.I. withdrew his personnel rather than have them collaborate with it, and the top lawyer at the Pentagon laid his career on the line in an effort to stop a version of the program from spreading to the armed forces. As the Washington Post ’s Greg Sargent first reported, shortly after bin Laden was killed, Leon Panetta, then the director of the C.I.A., sent a letter to Arizona Senator John McCain [who publicly objected to the depiction of torture in Best 25+ Times Worksheets Zero Dark Thirty ], clearly stating that “we first learned about ‘the facilitator/courier’s nom de guerre’ from a detainee not in the C.I.A.’s custody.” Panetta wrote that “no detainee in C.I.A. custody revealed the facilitator/courier’s full true name or specific whereabouts.” Bigelow and Boal have defended the accuracy of the film in numerous interviews.
Bigelow told Dexter Filkins, in The New Yorker , that “the film doesn’t have an agenda and it doesn’t judge. I wanted a boots-on-the-ground experience.” Boal als defends the film by calling it journalism, and has argued that the Of America Industry Services Portfolio, film captures the 25+ Times Tables Ideas, complexity of the debate concerning torture. Both Bigelow and Boal have asserted that the film is apolitical and that the criticism of the film is political. They contend that “depiction [of torture] is not endorsement.” Jeff Reichart, writing in Reverse Shot , assesses the film as realistic journalism. He claims that. Kathryn Bigelow’s Zero Dark Thirty operates fully within that specific register of Free Bill | Pdf, realism that has been defined over the last few decades of contemporary cinema. Its markers include handheld cameras, images washed of color, and Best Worksheets Only, the liberal intermixing of archival footage with created material. As such, it’s obsessed with achieving journalistic accuracy, which seems to have become the loftiest goal in current cinema. Then Reichart gets into Free Boat Form (.doc), specifics: The film begins with a solemn title card announcing that what follows will be “based on first hand accounts” before moving into its most ghoulish segment, in which Bigelow plays, over a darkened screen, the recordings of Best 25+ Times | Free, cell phone calls made from the Twin Towers September 11, 2001, as the Progress Template For Pre-Entry, planes struck.
As Maya’s manhunt continues and the casualties from terror attacks around the world mount, Bigelow pulls in footage from the aftermath of the July 2005 London public transport bombings, and 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only | Free, the September 2008 attack on the Islamabad Marriott. This footage is skillfully interwoven with Maya’s search so as to minimize audience disruption – we’re not supposed to feel the shift in registers between scripted Zero Dark Thirty material and the images taken from the Report - A Report Template, news (the protagonist herself is depicted as having just missed being killed in the Marriott explosion). This mixing effectively levels out the Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, differences between the various flavors of footage and their relationship to “real events.” It’s one of the & Chemistry Template Design, ways in Best 25+ Times Tables Only which Zero Dark Thirty successfully overlays the collection of suppositions, condensations, and outright fabrications that is Maya’s narrative on top of our own understanding of the decade-long War on Terror. Note that Reichart claims that the film-makers were successful in giving Zero Dark Thirty a veneer of journalistic realism, but that it was nothing but a veneer. Neither Bigelow nor writer Boal, in interviews, ever acknowledge that the realism they traffic in on the way to building their new master narrative about the War on Terror is actually a studious construction. Though it may focus on one of the Science Powerpoint Template, central global narratives of the past decade and Best Tables Only On Pinterest, be sourced to the gills, Zero Dark Thirty is Insurance Of America Industry Services, still made of the same stuff that all movies, no matter how “realistic” are made of; that this artifice needs to be noted every time a film in this vein rolls around remains a central failure of our culture’s relationship to the moving image (the seductiveness of Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, verisimilitude suggests some of the reasons for Insurance Office Industry Services film’s ability to captivate and convince on a larger scale than other arts). Taibbi, another journalist-not-film-reviewer, challenges the idea that Zero Dark Thirty is objective journalism. He writes that Bigelow has. been praised, almost excessively, for being brave enough to 25+ Times Ideas Only, “tell the | Inventory Sheet, truth” about torture in Zero Dark Thirty . As Manohla Dargis of The New York Times put it: However unprovable the Best Tables Ideas, effectiveness of these interrogations, they did take place.
To omit them from “Zero Dark Thirty” would have been a reprehensible act of moral cowardice. Here’s my question: if it would have been dishonest to leave torture out of the film entirely, how is Technician Skills Count Sheet, it not dishonest to Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free, leave out how generally ineffective it was, how morally corrupting, how totally it enraged the Skills Sheet, entire Arab world, how often we used it on people we knew little to nothing about, how often it resulted in deaths, or a hundred other facts? Responding to blog comments to his article, Taibbi writes: Some wrote in Tables Only On Pinterest | Free and said that all Bigelow was doing was telling an “objective” story and leaving it to us to sort it out. That’s bullshit. All storytelling is a series of editorial decisions. You decide what to Boat Bill Of Sale | Pdf (.doc), leave in, what to 25+ Times Worksheets On Pinterest, leave out. In doing so you reveal a point of view. They kept to a very narrow storyline that ended in Pre-Entry Report the triumphant capture of bin Laden.
The posters don’t say, “WE SOLD OUR SOULS TO GET HIM,” they read, “THE GREATEST MANHUNT IN HISTORY.” One of the more potent critiques of the claim of journalistic realism in Zero Dark Thirty is Tables Ideas | Free, that, despite the claims of the film-makers, it is not balanced. Carla Seaquist writes that. from the opening scene – a gruesome extended sequence showing a half-dozen techniques on how to break a detainee – and Resume Format | Resume Format And Resume Maker, continuing throughout the entire film, Bigelow and Boal show only one side: intelligence agents engaging in torture, with every other agent on-station, and their controllers in Washington, onboard with the program, no dissent registered, none. Seaquist cites a long list of journalists and critics who opposed torture in the War on Terror.
Mayer (one of those journalists) also notes that Zero Dark Thirty. doesn’t include a single scene in which torture is questioned, even though the 25+ Times Ideas Only On Pinterest, Bush years were racked by Louisiana Form | Pdf | Word internal strife over just that issue. . . . CNN national-security analyst Peter Bergen wrote recently [of the film], “the audience has already seen that the C.I.A. has employed coercive interrogation techniques on an al Qaeda detainee that produced a key lead in the hunt for bin Laden. 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas. In the film, Obama’s opposition to Powerpoint Template Design, torture comes off as wrongheaded and prissy.” Taibbi says that. A more accurate movie about the Best 25+ Times Tables Ideas On Pinterest, torture program would have been a grotesque comedy that shown grown men resorting to & Chemistry Template Design, puppet shows and dance routines and fourth-rate sexual indignities dreamed up after spending too much time reading spank mags and BDSM sites – and doing this thousands of Best Ideas Only On Pinterest, times to Pre-Entry Progress Report Template For Pre-Entry, thousands of people, all over the world, “accidentally” murdering hundreds of people in the process, going to war by mistake at least once as a result of it, and Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, having no clue half the time who they’re interrogating (less than 10 percent of “terror suspects” at places like Bagram were arrested by American forces; most of the rest were brought in by Afghanis or other foreigners in exchange for Boat Bill | Word (.doc) bounties). Wolf directly challenges Bigelow’s journalistic claims in her “open letter” article on Zero Dark Thirty : You claim that your film is “based on real events”, and in Best 25+ Times Worksheets | Free interviews, you insist that it is a mixture of Fashion Resume | Resume And Resume, fact and fiction, “part documentary”. Best Tables Worksheets. “Real”, “true”, and even “documentary”, are big and important words. By claiming such terms, you generate media and sales traction – on a mendacious basis. Wolf, a well-known feminist, can barely contain her feelings of Designer Resume Format Format And Resume Maker, betrayal. Here was a woman (Bigelow), perhaps even a feminist, doing what Wolf often attacks men for doing. She writes:
In a time of darkness in America, at you are being feted by Hollywood, and hailed by major media. But to me, the path your career has now taken reminds of no one so much as that other female film pioneer who became, eventually, an apologist for evil: Leni Riefenstahl. Riefenstahl’s 1935 Triumph of the Will , which glorified Nazi military power, was a massive hit in Germany. Riefenstahl was the first female film director to be hailed worldwide. Perhaps because he found it difficult to counter the charges that, on Worksheets Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free the subject of torture, Zero Dark Thirty is not as journalistic, realistic, or objective as advertised, Boal started making the opposite argument. He said that the film is not a documentary, it is For Pre-Entry, fiction. That is, it is art, not journalism. Boal and Bigelow, then, are only guilty of “artistic licence.” But, according to Greenwald, Bigelow and Boal are speaking out of both sides of their mouths here.
As noted, she is Best 25+ Times Only, going around praising herself for taking “almost a journalistic approach to film”. But when confronted by 5+ Pharmacy Skills Count Sheet factual falsehoods she propagates on critical questions, her screenwriting partner resorts to the excuse that “it’s a movie, not a documentary.” Some critics say the film is a actually a subtle criticism of torture. They see in the film a subtle, thematic questioning of Best 25+ Times Tables Only On Pinterest, torture in Zero Dark Thirty, and claim that the film dramatizes the “moral descent” of the United States during the War on Terror, by showing a country that would stop at nothing, including the most brutal forms of torture, to - Construction Industry Portfolio, locate and Best Tables | Free, kill Osama bin Laden. I barely caught a whiff of a “moral journey/descent” storyline in this film – the closest they came to And Resume, that was in the first scene, where Maya looks a little grossed out by Clarke’s methods. A few minutes later, though, she’s all street and everything, wearing a hijab and getting some henchman to Best Tables Worksheets, throw fists at her suspects on command. She went from queasy to hardass in about ten seconds and we didn’t linger on Self Analysis the transformation at all. For Reichart, it is not just the film-makers who are factitious: film critics – especially those who claim Bigelow as an auteur – have helped to “whitewash” Bigelow and 25+ Times Ideas, downplay the pro-torture position in Resume Format And Resume Maker Zero Dark Thirty . Reichart writes: It’s become all too commonplace for critics to 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Ideas, float above the fray, and praise works they find aesthetically valuable and politically questionable (a replaying of the old Leni Riefenstahl debate again), but is this l’art pour l’art [art for art’s sake] stance any way to watch movies? Isn’t this just abdicating a crucial part of the critical act?
Wouldn’t we rather our film writers be morally engaged viewers rather than diffident aesthetes? The morally engaged viewer doesn’t necessarily look to the film in Self Analysis question for Best 25+ Times simple affirmation of his or her viewpoints and reject opposing ideas out of Self Analysis, hand. Rather, the moral viewer looks to cinema to encounter a host of perspectives, and can find pleasure in a variety of them so long as the art itself is well reasoned and internally sound. Especially in light of how the filmmakers have spoken about their work, the problem with Zero Dark Thirty becomes less that it ends up making a forceful case for Best 25+ Times Tables Worksheets Only On Pinterest | Free the efficacy of Self Analysis, torturing human beings for national security – it’s that one can easily walk away from the film doubting whether Bigelow and Boal have even realized that this is what they’ve done. Reichart then asks: Shouldn’t art that so bowdlerizes its real-life subject matter in order to create a pleasurable experience be called out for doing so? The actual quest for bin Laden surely rested more on gradations of tedium as opposed to Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only, one manufactured mini-climax after another – why don’t we desire that a “realistic” representation of that hunt fall far closer to that truth? Zero Dark Thirty is just another incredibly well-fashioned product of the same morbid culture that considers weaponry sexy and art featuring evisceration and tales of war fascinating – which is to Count, say, pretty much all of Western culture ever.
Seaquist also faults film critics for abdicating their critical role, in the name of “moral ambiguity”: “Moral ambiguity” has become a standard artistic choice today, for filmmakers as well as playwrights and novelists, meaning: Rather than put the thumb on the scales for or against Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only an action depicted, the artist professes to leave the Office Of America - Construction Services Portfolio, moral judging to the audience. Moral questions being by definition about right and wrong, the artist presuming to treat such questions in an ambiguous manner must then show at least two sides (or more) of the question under review. For Seaquist, artistically, Zero Dark Thirty was a missed opportunity: If dramatic conflict is the clash of opposing objectives, and if the most dramatic is the opposition of moral objectives, it’s bewildering to me why the filmmakers chose not to exploit their film’s richest vein of conflict: the rightness or wrongness of torture. It might seem hypocritical for the film-makers to claim that Zero Dark Thirty is Best Worksheets Ideas Only | Free, both realistic journalism and a work of Self Analysis, art, but critics often make this claim for film-makers (see, for instance, reviews of Steve McQueen’s Twelve Years of Slave , that make exactly this claim). Film-makers make this claim for themselves. Best 25+ Times On Pinterest | Free. It can be a productive tension for films, and for directors, if it’s not definitively resolved in favor of 5+ Pharmacy Technician Skills | Inventory Sheet, one or the other. In this sense, Bigelow shows herself to be an auteur according to the definition of Andrew Sarris: this is the “interior meaning,” or an underlying tension between the director/s vision and the subject matter. It is the tension between journalistic and Best 25+ Times Worksheets Only, creative exposition. My criticism of Zero Dark Thirty is that instead of holding journalism and art in tension in Free Boat Bill Form | Pdf | Word the film, Bigelow uses journalism as a cover for falsity, and Ideas Only On Pinterest | Free, art as a cover for inaccuracy.
And what is more, she does so on Insurance Of America Industry Services Portfolio behalf of Best Tables Ideas Only On Pinterest, a questionable ideology that forgives torture as long as it leads to security. Founding Father Benjamin Franklin (supposedly) put it: “those who sacrifice liberty for Designer Format Maker security deserve neither.” In the case of Worksheets Ideas On Pinterest, Kathryn Bigelow and Free Boat Bill | Pdf | Word, Zero Dark Thirty , we might paraphrase it as: those who sacrifice truth for art, and vice versa, will lose sight of both. [Some critics have questioned the accuracy of the Ideas On Pinterest | Free, film’s version of the Pre-Entry Progress Report - A Report Template For Pre-Entry, actual killing of Osama bin Laden, dramatized in the raid that concludes the film. On this topic, I refer you to Mark Follman’s article in 25+ Times Ideas Mother Jones magazine.] University of Maryland. Adrian Chen, “Newly Declassified Memo Shows CIA Shaped Zero Dark Thirty’s Narrative,” Gawker.com (posted May 6, 2013).
Mark Follman. “‘Zero Dark Thirty’ and the Mysterious Killing of Osama bin Laden,” Mother Jones (February 22, 2013). Glenn Greenwald, “ Zero Dark Thirty : CIA hagiography, pernicious propaganda,” The Guardian (December 14, 2012). Jane Mayer. “Zero Conscience in ‘Zero Dark Thirty,'” The New Yorker (December 14, 2012). Jeff Reichart, “Desert of the real,” Reverse Shot. Carla Seaquist, “Society Instructs Hollywood on ‘Moral Ambiguity’ of Torture: Or, What the Free Louisiana Boat | Pdf | Word, Zero Dark Thirty Controversy Means,” Huffington Post (September 30, 2013). Matt Taibbi. “‘Zero Dark Thirty’ Is Osama bin Laden’s Last Victory Over America, Rolling Stone (January 16, 2013).
Naomi Wolf. “A letter to Kathryn Bigelow on Zero Dark Thirty ‘s apology for torture,” The Guardian (January 4, 2013).